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1.
有机钼及其复合纳米润滑添加剂的摩擦磨损性能研究   总被引:12,自引:1,他引:11       下载免费PDF全文
采用X-P型销-盘摩擦磨损试验机和MRS-10J型四球摩擦磨损试验机考察了N68MD、N68ME、N68和SAE404种含有机钼及其复合纳米润滑添加剂的润滑油的摩擦磨损性能,分别采用扫描电子显微镜和电子衍射能量谱仪分析了摩擦副的磨损形貌及其磨损表面元素分布情况.结果表明:在N68MD润滑时,钢/钢摩擦副具有较低的摩擦系数和磨损量,并且具有良好的抗极压性能;在N68ME润滑时,钢/钢摩擦副除了表现出很小的摩擦系数和良好的抗极压性能以外,还表现出优异的自修复功能,这是由于有机钼与纳米铜协同作用的结果.  相似文献
2.
离子液体掺杂硅油薄膜的制备及其摩擦学性能研究   总被引:7,自引:4,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
采用旋涂方法,利用硅油热交联反应在不同基底上制备了掺杂离子液体的硅油薄膜,用红外光谱仪表征了硅油薄膜的交联聚合行为,用DF-PM型静-动摩擦磨损试验机评价了薄膜的摩擦学性能,采用扫描电子显微镜观察分析了薄膜及偶件磨损表面形貌.结果表明,在甲基化和羟基化基底表面制备的薄膜的摩擦学性能较差,而在乙烯基化基底表面制备的薄膜同钢球对摩时表现出很好的摩擦学性能,这主要是由于乙烯基化基底表面的薄膜可通过交联聚合反应而同基底形成较强的化学键合作用所致.在滑动摩擦过程中,薄膜的摩擦系数随速度增加而减小,这是由于相对较厚的润滑薄膜发生剪切变稀效应所致.  相似文献
3.
煤变形破裂过程中红外信息的实验研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
对受载煤体变形破坏产生的红外辐射信息进行了观测研究。结果表明:煤体在受力过程中其红外辐射温度随其应力状态的改变而发生变化,这种变化与煤体的变形破坏过程密切相关,这将为认识和揭示煤岩破坏的微观机理,预测,预报地震及矿山煤炭灾害动力现象有指导和参考作用。  相似文献
4.
动脉分岔血管内膜增生过程的数值模拟   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
内膜增生从发生到阻塞血管是一个复杂的变化过程,在这个过程中,内膜的增生、血管腔体形状的改变和血流动力学之间是相互影响的。为了研究这些变化,本文提出一种单元填充方法数值模拟了三维颈动脉分岔血管在低切应力作用下血管内膜增生的过程。该方法既可以克服节点移动方法所不可避免的内膜增生的不连续性,也可以避免网格重划分的困难。结果发现,如果单纯以切应力阈值作为内膜增生的判据,低切应力的作用将无法导致血管完全阻塞,但内膜增生和血流动力学之间的相互影响是可以通过数值方法进行模拟的。在本数值模拟中,内膜增生的过程分为"增厚"(先)和"扩展"(后)两个阶段,最大狭窄率为34.4%,发生在距血管分岔5mm处动脉窦的外侧壁面。其发生位置和形状与临床观察吻合。  相似文献
5.
钢筋混凝土梁临界斜裂缝倾角计算的概率模型   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
综合考虑剪跨比、混凝土强度、配筋率和配箍率等重要因素的影响,研究建立了RC梁临界斜裂缝倾角计算的概率模型。首先,基于修正压力场理论,建立了RC梁临界斜裂缝倾角的确定性计算模型;然后,引入剪跨比修正系数,并综合考虑主观不确定性和客观不确定性因素的影响,结合贝叶斯理论和马尔科夫链蒙特卡洛法(MCMC),建立了RC梁临界斜裂缝倾角计算的概率模型;最后,通过与试验数据和传统确定性计算模型的对比分析,验证了该模型的有效性和适用性。分析结果表明,随着剪跨比的增大,RC梁的临界斜裂缝倾角逐渐减小;临界斜裂缝倾角的试验测试值的范围为23°~41°,具有显著的离散性;本文概率模型不仅可以合理描述临界斜裂缝倾角的概率分布特性,而且可以校准传统确定性计算模型的计算精度和置信水平,以及根据预定的置信水平确定临界斜裂缝倾角的概率特征值,具有良好的计算精度和适用性。  相似文献
6.
采用浸渍-提拉法制备出硬脂酸钾薄膜,用DF-PM型静-动摩擦磨损试验机和UMT-2MT型摩擦磨损试验机考察了在低速滑动和高速滑动条件下硬脂酸钾薄膜的摩擦磨损性能,采用扫描电子显微镜和X射线能量色散谱仪观察分析了薄膜及偶件磨损表面的形貌及其典型元素的面分布情况.结果表明,以GCr15钢球为偶件在高速滑动和以氮化硅球作为偶件在高、低速滑动条件下,薄膜具有较好的摩擦磨损性能.由于钢球和氮化硅陶瓷球表面粗糙度及其化学状态存在差异,硬脂酸钾更容易在氮化硅球表面形成转移膜,从而具有更低的摩擦系数和更长的耐磨寿命.  相似文献
7.
为了提高数字图像相关曲面拟合法亚像素定位精度,经研究发现,在实际应用中,曲面拟合法在亚像素位移为0.5像素左右时会发生较大的波动,与实际亚像素位移发生一定偏离,导致此位置位移的不连续。本文通过分析曲面拟合法亚像素位移偏离真实位移的原因,给出了具体修正方法,用模拟平移实验讨论了修正系数k和子区大小对修正结果的影响,用三点弯曲实验验证了修正方法在复杂变形情况下的有效性,提高了曲面拟合法在实际应用中的测量精度。  相似文献
8.
The microgravity environment of a long-term space flight may induce acute changes in an astronaut’s musculo-skeletal systems. This study explores the effects of simulated microgravity on the mechanical characteristics of articular cartilage. Six rats underwent tail suspension for 14 days and six additional rats were kept under normal earth gravity as controls. Swelling strains were measured using high-frequency ultrasound in all cartilage samples subject to osmotic loading. Site-specific swelling strain data were used in a triphasic theoretical model of cartilage swelling to determine the uniaxial modulus of the cartilage solid matrix. No severe surface irregularities were found in the cartilage samples obtained from the control or tail-suspended groups. For the tail-suspended group, the thickness of the cartilage at a specified site, as determined by ultrasound echo, showed a minor decrease. The uniaxial modulus of articular cartilage at the specified site decreased significantly, from (6.31 ± 3.37)MPa to (5.05 ± 2.98)MPa (p < 0.05). The histology-stained image of a cartilage sample also showed a reduced number of chondrocytes and decreased degree of matrix staining. These results demonstrated that the 14 d simulated microgravity induced significant effects on the mechanical characteristics of articular cartilage. This study is the first attempt to explore the effects of simulated microgravity on the mechanical characteristics of articular cartilage using an osmotic loading method and a triphasic model. The conclusions may provide reference information for manned space flights and a better understanding of the effects of microgravity on the skeletal system.  相似文献
9.
Postoperative tunnel enlargement has been frequently reported after anterior cruciate ligament(ACL)reconstruction.Interference screw,as a surgical implant in ACL reconstruction,may influence natural loading transmission and contribute to tunnel enlargement.The aims of this study are(1)to quantify the alteration of strain energy density(SED)distribution after the anatomic single-bundle ACL reconstruction;and(2)to characterize the influence of screw length and diameter on the degree of the SED alteration.A validated finite element model of human knee joint was used.The screw length ranging from 20 to 30 mm with screw diameter ranging from 7 to 9 mm were investigated.In the post-operative knee,the SED increased steeply at the extra-articular tunnel aperture under compressive and complex loadings,whereas the SED decreased beneath the screw shaft and nearby the intra-articular tunnel aperture.Increasing the screw length could lower the SED deprivation in the proximal part of the bone tunnel;whereas increasing either screw length or diameter could aggravate the SED deprivation in the distal part of the bone tunnel.Decreasing the elastic modulus of the screw could lower the bone SED deprivation around the screw.In consideration of both graft stability and SED alteration,a biodegradable interference screw with a long length is recommended,which could provide a beneficial mechanical environment at the distal part of the tunnel,and meanwhile decrease the bone-graft motion and synovial fluid propagation at the proximal part of the tunnel.These findings together with the clinical and histological factors could help to improve surgical outcome,and serve as a preliminary knowledge for the following study of biodegradable interference screw.  相似文献
10.
The flow characteristics of high-temperature flue gas are important in the heat transfer of coal-water slurry(CWS) combustion furnaces.The flow field of a 250 kg/h vertical-type slag tap cyclone furnace was non-intrusively investigated,using two-dimensional particle-image velocimetry(2D PIV).The method was verified using traceable fly ash particles in high-temperature flue gas.The flow field of the flue gas was analyzed with a time-averaged method,based on which the effects of excess air ratio and loading were investigated.The flue gas separated by a gas separator maintained good rigidity near the furnace wall,rather than eroding the heating surface.Numerical simulations validated the reliability of PIV under the actual circumstances within the furnace.This study provides guidelines for applying 2D PIV in analyzing flue gas in thermal test boilers.  相似文献
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