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The purpose of this article is to experimentally investigate the effect of different pore size distributions in bidisperse wicks upon the heat transfer performance in a LHP. Three bidisperse wicks and one monoporous wick were tested in a loop heat pipe. The pore size distributions of the bidisperse wicks were measured, and the results reflected the three different large/small pore size ratios. The experiments showed that the maximum heat load of the monoporous wick reached about 400 W; and the three bidisperse wicks showed improvements on the maximum heat load up to 570 W. For the monoporous wick, the evaporator heat transfer coefficients of 10 kW/m2 K and total thermal resistance of 0.19°C/W were achieved at a high heat load of 400 W. For the better bidisperse wick, the evaporator heat transfer coefficients could attain about 23 kW/m2 K and total thermal resistance of 0.13°C/W. The results also indicated that a smaller cluster size in a bidisperse structure created a small pore size ratio. It was also found that the bidisperse wick with smaller clusters had a better enhancement in terms of the evaporator heat transfer coefficient.  相似文献
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采用自制浆罐式砂水冲蚀磨损试验装置研究了4种经不同条件热处理的NiTi合金与1Cr18Ni9Ti不锈钢的冲蚀磨损性能;采用XL-30型扫描电子显微镜观察试样的冲蚀磨损表面形貌;采用MH-6型显微硬度计测量NiTi合金硬度;采用自制拉伸装置测量NiTi合金的力学性能.结果表明:5种试样的冲蚀磨损量随着冲蚀时间、冲蚀速度、砂水比及砂粒度的增加而增大,4种NiTi合金的耐冲蚀性能相近,均明显优于1Cr18Ni9Ti不锈钢,其中试样NiTi-3和NiTi-1表现出较好的耐冲蚀性能;硬度并非NiTi合金冲蚀磨损性能的决定因素,超弹性和超塑性是NiTi合金具有较好耐冲蚀性的主要原因,热处理使得NiTi合金的超弹性变形量减小,但增加了NiTi合金的塑性变形量;合金丝磨损表面不同部位的磨损机理不同,中部为典型的变形磨损,侧面为微切削磨损,5种试样均表现为典型的韧性材料冲蚀磨损特征.  相似文献
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考虑亚热带地区公路桥梁的服役环境温度与车辆载荷的作用效应,本文以碳纤维薄板(CFL)加固钢筋混凝土(RC)桥梁结构为研究对象,利用本课题组构建的实验平台,提出了温度与车辆随机载荷耦合作用下CFL加固RC梁的疲劳实验方法。在3个温度和3个载荷水平下实施了温度-随机载荷耦合作用下的三点弯曲疲劳实验,初步探讨了温度-随机载荷作用下加固梁的疲劳破坏机理,并提出了温度-随机载荷耦合下加固梁疲劳寿命的半经验公式。  相似文献
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A visco-elastoplastic damage constitutive model is proposed for simulating nonlinear behavior of concrete. Based on traditional plastic theory, the irreversible deformation is simulated in effective stress space. In order to reflect different stiffness degradation mechanism of concrete under tensile and compressive loading conditions, both tensile and compressive damage variables are introduced, and then on the basis of energy release rate, the model is firmly derived within the concept of irreversible thermodynamics. The rate-dependent model is considered by introducing viscous regularization into the inelastic strain and damage variable, and combined with an additional elastic condition. Fully implicit backward-Euler algorithm is used to perform constitutive integration. Results of numerical examples using the proposed model agree well with test results for specimens under uniaxial tension and compression, biaxial loading and triaxial loading. Failure processes of single-edge-notched (SEN) beam and double-edge-notched (DEN) specimen are also simulated to further validate the proposed model.  相似文献
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