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Hierarchically porous Co3O4 film is prepared by a cathodic electrodeposition via liquid crystalline template. The as-prepared Co3O4 film has a net-like structure of interconnected nanoflakes with a thickness of 15–20 nm. Interestingly, the Co3O4 nanoflakes possess mesoporous walls ranging from 2 to 3 nm. As cathode material for supercapacitors, the hierarchically porous Co3O4 film exhibits superior supercapacitor performances with high specific capacitances (443 F g− 1 at 2 A g− 1 and 334 F g− 1 at 40 A g− 1) as well as excellent cycle life, making it suitable for high-performance supercapacitor application. The improved supercapacitor performances are due to its unique hierarchically porous morphological characteristics, which provide fast ion and electron transfer, large reaction surface area, resulting in fast reaction kinetics.  相似文献
2.
Tandem ligation for the synthesis and modification of proteins entails forming two or more regiospecific amide bonds of multiple free peptide segments without a protecting-group scheme. We here describe a semi-orthogonal strategy for ligating three unprotected peptide segments, two of which contain N-terminal (NT) cysteine, to form in tandem two amide bonds, an Xaa-SPro (thiaproline), and then an Xaa-Cys. This strategy exploits the strong preference of an NT-cysteinyl peptide under acidic conditions to undergo selectively an SPro-imine ligation rather than a Cys-thioester ligation. Operationally, it was performed in the N --> C direction, first by an imine ligation at pH < 3 to afford an Xaa-thiazolidine ester bond between a peptide containing a carboxyl terminal (CT)-glycoaldehyde ester and a second peptide containing both an NT-Cys and a CT-thioester. The newly created O-ester-linked segment with a CT-thioester was then ligated to another NT-cysteinyl peptide through thioester ligation at pH > 7 to form an Xaa-Cys bond. Concurrently, this basic condition also catalyzed the O,N-acyl migration of an Xaa-thiazolidine ester to the Xaa-SPro bond at the first ligation site to complete the tandem three-segment ligation. Both ligation reactions were performed in aqueous buffered solvents. The effectiveness of this three-segment ligation strategy was tested in six peptides ranging from 19 to 70 amino acids, including thiaproline --> proline analogues of somatostatins and two CC-chemokines. The thiaproline replacements in these peptides and proteins did not result in altered biological activity. By eliminating the protecting-group scheme and coupling reagents, tandem ligation of multiple free peptide segments in aqueous solutions enhances the scope of protein synthesis and may provide a useful approach for combinatorial segment synthesis.  相似文献
3.
Density functional theory (DFT) methods with various exchange-correlation functionals such as SVWN, BVWN, BVWN5, BLYP, B1LYP, B3LYP, B3PW91, and BH and H are employed in a theoretical study of molecular boric-acid in gas-phase. In the calculations, the split valence 6-311++G** and 6-31G* basis sets were used. The geometry, zero-point vibrational energies (ZPVEs), and harmonic infrared vibrational (IR) frequencies are predicted. The calculated C3h-symmetry geometrical parameters are compared with Hartree–Fock (HF) calculation results and experimental data. IR frequencies predicted by the BLYP, B3LYP, and B3PW91 calculations are in good agreement with experimental data. The frequency calculations presented here also suggest that the C3h-symmetrical structure corresponds to a minimum in the potential energy surface, but neither is D3h- or C3-symmetrical structure.  相似文献
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