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Current therapeutic interventions in bone defects are mainly focused on finding the best bioactive materials for inducing bone regeneration via activating the related intracellular signaling pathways. Integrins are trans‐membrane receptors that facilitate cell‐extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions and activate signal transduction. To develop a suitable platform for supporting human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM‐MSCs) differentiation into bone tissue, electrospun poly L‐lactide (PLLA) nanofiber scaffolds were coated with nano‐hydroxyapatite (PLLA/nHa group), gelatin nanoparticles (PLLA/Gel group), and nHa/Gel nanoparticles (PLLA/nHa/Gel group) and their impacts on cell proliferation, expression of osteoblastic biomarkers, and bone differentiation were examined and compared. MTT data showed that proliferation of hBM‐MSCs on PLLA/nHa/Gel scaffolds was significantly higher than other groups (P < .05). Alkaline phosphatase activity was also more increased in hBM‐MSCs cultured under osteogenic media on PLLA/nHa/Gel scaffolds compared to others. Gene expression evaluation confirmed up‐regulation of integrin α2β1 as well as the osteogenic genes BGLAP, COL1A1, and RUNX2. Following use of integrin α2β1 blocker antibody, the protein level of integrin α2β1 in cells seeded on PLLA/nHa/Gel scaffolds was decreased compared to control, which confirmed that most of the integrin receptors were bound to gelatin molecules on scaffolds and could activate the integrin α2β1/ERK axis. Collectively, PLLA/nHa/Gel scaffold is a suitable platform for hBM‐MSCs adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation in less time via activating integrin α2β1/ERK axis, and thus it might be applicable in bone tissue engineering.  相似文献
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A combination of bioceramics and nanofibrous scaffolds holds promising potential for inducing of mineralization in connective tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the attachment, proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) on poly(l ‐lactide) (PLLA) nanofibers coated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Polymeric scaffolds were fabricated via the electrospinning method and their surface was coated with MTA. DPSC were isolated from dental pulp and their biological behavior was evaluated on scaffolds and the control group using MTT assay. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, biomineralization and the expression of odontogenic genes were analyzed during odontogenic differentiation. Isolated DPSC showed spindle‐shaped morphology with multi‐lineage differentiation potential and were positive for CD73, CD90 and CD105. MTA‐coated PLLA (PLLA/MTA) exhibited nanofibrous structure with average fiber diameter of 756 ± 157 nm and interconnected pores and also suitable mechanical properties. Similar to MTA, these scaffolds were shown to be biocompatible and to support the attachment and proliferation of DPSC. ALP activity transiently peaked on day 14 and was significantly higher in PLLA/MTA scaffolds than in the control groups. In addition, increasing biomineralization was observed in all groups with a higher amount in PLLA/MTA. Odontogenic‐related genes, DSPP and collagen type I showed a higher expression in PLLA/MTA on days 21 and 14, respectively. Taken together, MTA/PLLA electrospun nanofibers enhanced the odontogenic differentiation of DPSC and showed the desired characteristics of a pulp capping material.  相似文献
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