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1.
热分析动力学的新进展   总被引:40,自引:1,他引:39       下载免费PDF全文
综述了热分析法研究非均相体系反应动力学方面的进展,评述了热分析动力学(TAK)现用方法的成功和局限,介绍了新的分析方法和新技术。  相似文献
2.
用热重法(TG)研究了4种苯甲酰丙酮合铜和1,1,1-三氟-3-(2-噻吩基)丙酮合铜的偶氮二吡啶一维长链聚合配位化合物在动态氮气气氛下的热行为,结合元素分析和能谱技术,确定了各步分解的组分,并讨论了其晶体结构与热性质的关系。应用新的非线性等转化率法,并结合其他方法考察了各步分解反应的属性,进行了动力学分析,并试对传统动力学方法的适用性进行了讨论。  相似文献
3.
用TG-DTG-DTA联用技术研究了金属簇合物[(n-Bu)4N]3[WS4Ag3X3Br](X=Cl,Br,I)在动态氮气气氛中的热行为和热性质,通过对热分解过程中各步反应中间体的元素分析跟踪,判断了相应的分解组分;并结合其物质结构进行了讨论。对各步反应进行了动力学分析,并通过活化能和反应进程的依赖关系探讨了反应的复杂性。  相似文献
4.
Introduction N-1-Alkyl-substituted 1,2,4-triazole compounds, like some other heterocyclic derivatives containing nitrogen, have recently been the subjects of numerous studies due to their fungicidal action1 and plant growth regulation.2 Among them, the complexes with a sort of triazole as ligand are of considerable interest because of their broad-spectrum bioactivity, coordination and photo-chemical properties, as well as many potential applica-tions in various fields.3,4 In our previous paper…  相似文献
5.
陆振荣  丁元晨  徐颖  刘泉  郎建平 《中国化学》2004,22(10):1091-1094
The thermal behaviors of clusters [Ag3WS3Br](PPh3)3 and [Cu3WS3Br](PPh3)3 (PPh3=triphenyl phosphine) in a nitrogen atmosphere were studied under the non-isothermal conditions by simultaneous TG-DTG-DSC and EDS techniques. The results showed that the evolution of PPh3 generally proceeded before the release of the other moiety in one or two step-mode. The mechanisms, the kinetic and the thermodynamic parameters for decomposition of PPh3 of both clusters were determined and calculated by jointly using several methods, which showed that its evolution was controlled by Avrami-Erofeev equation. The results also showed that there was no new stable phase composed of W-Ag(Cu)-S-Br after release of organic moiety PPh3 and that CVD method was not applicable to their further processing.  相似文献
6.
用TG-DTG-DSC热分析技术研究了三(O,O′-二异丙基二硫代磷酸酯)合钴(Ⅲ)、双(O,O′-二乙基二硫代磷酸酯)合镍(Ⅱ)及其后者与吡啶或4-甲基吡啶加合物在氮气气氛中的热行为;用传统的微商法(A-B-S)和积分法(C-R法)以及分别由Malek、Dollim ore 提出的两种新型的热分析动力学方法协同处理TG 数据,获得了四种配合物的热分解反应动力学参数E和A,确定了反应机理。对它们的热行为和分子结构之间的关系进行了讨论;并试就本文所用的几种数据处理方法作了比较。  相似文献
7.
众所周知,液晶类物质常因其特殊的理化性质而引起人们的兴趣,而拥有多种介晶相(mesomorphous phase)则为其主要特点之一.对于测定该类物质各种相变之间的热性质,差示扫描量热法(DSC)通常有其独特之处。2-(4-烷氧苯基)-6-取代苯并噻唑化合物为苏州大学化学系新研制的,样品经偏光显微镜、X射线衍射仪分析,发现其具有热致性液晶性能.我们用DSC法对这些化合物在升温及降温过程中的相变温度、相变焓进行了测定,并计算得到了相变熵。对于样品在冷却过程中的过冷现象作了测定和探讨.此外,还就样品处理对实验结果的影响作了初步的探索。  相似文献
8.
陆振荣  许海涵 《化学学报》1983,41(12):1179-1184
The stability constants of complexes of N-phenylthiourea with bismuth (III) in 1M perchloric acid have been studied spectrophotemetrically by the method of corresponding solutions. The enthalpy change ΔH5^0 is obtained from the temperature coefficient data. The Gibbs free energy changes ΔG5^0 and the entropy changes ΔS5^0 are calculated from known formulas respectively. The experimental results are discussed. The successive accumulative stability constants and thermodynamic parameters ΔH5^0, ΔG5^0, ΔS5^0 are listed in Table 6 of the Chinese Text.  相似文献
9.
Thermoanalysis study has been carried out on the complex of bis[1-(2-thienyl)-4,4,4-trifluoro-butanedione- 1,3]copper(Ⅱ) and its adducts with pyridine, 2,2′-bipyridine, quinoline and dimethyl sulfoxide in a dynamic ni-trogen atmosphere by simultaneous TG-DTG-DSC technique. The experimental results showed that the decomposi-tion modes of the solvent molecules were various according to the different structures of the complex, in general, the decomposition of them was ahead of the decomposition of the ligand 1-(2-thienyl)-4,4,4-triflurobu- tanedione-1,3. Among them the adduct with 2,2-bipyridine showed a quite unique thermal behavior. Several methods have been jointly used to study the kinetics of all the thermal decomposition stages for title compounds, which showed that the evolution of the solvent molecules was controlled mainly by Rn mechanism (or Am mechanism for 2,2-bipyridine adduct) with lower activation energy; while the release of 1-(2-thienyl)-4,4,4-trifluro-butane- dione-1,3 was gove- rned by D2 or D3 mode with higher activation energy.  相似文献
10.
用TG-DTG-DTA联用技术研究了两种1,3-二硫杂环戊烯-2-硫酮-4,5-二巯基的不对称二硫纶金属(Cd,Zn)配合物在动态氮气气氛中的热行为,通过应用EDS技术和元素分析方法对热分解过程中各步反应中间体的组成进行了探索,并结合其物质结构进行了讨论。协同使用四种热分析动力学方法获得了各步反应的热分解动力学参数,并推断了它们的最可能分解反应机理。  相似文献
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