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中国全新世大暖期的气候波动与重要事件   总被引:175,自引:0,他引:175  
根据70年代以来中国全新世孢粉及其他古植物、古动物、古土壤、古湖泊、冰芯、考古、海岸带变化等多方面研究资料,推断中国全新世大暖期(Megathermal)出现于8。5—3ka BP,延续达5.5ka,其间有多次剧烈的气候波动与寒冷事件。8.5—7.2ka BP为不稳定的暖、冷波动阶段,伴随着降水增加和植被带的北迁西移。新石器文化的迅速发展。7.2—6ka BP为稳定的暖湿阶段,即大暖期的鼎盛阶段(Megathemal Maximum)。夏季风降水及新疆与蒙古,北方降水显著增加,植被空前繁茂,为仰韶文化的盛期。6—5ka BP是气候波动剧烈,环境较差的阶段,出现强降温事件,影响文化发展。5ka BP后,气候和环境较前改善,文化遗址数量猛增。4.0ka BP左右,气候一度恶化,出现大洪水灾害,此后直到3ka BP左右气候仍相当暖湿。  相似文献
2.
中国全新世大暖期鼎盛阶段的气候与环境   总被引:57,自引:0,他引:57  
本文根据孢粉、古土壤、古湖泊、冰芯、考古、海面等变化,重建了全新世大暖期鼎盛阶段(7.2—6.0kaBP)的气候与环境。恢复了大暖期盛期的植被带、气温、降水以及海面变化等。认为其时华南温度比今高1℃,长江流域高2℃,华北、东北以及西北可能高3℃,青藏高原南部达4—5℃,冬季升温幅度更大于年平均温度。百年级的增暖相伴夏季风的扩张和冬季寒潮的衰退,植被带北迁西移,内蒙、新疆、青海和西藏普遍出现高湖面指示着降水量有较大幅度的增长。中国东部则在6.5—5.0kaBP间出现全新世中的最高海面,约高于现今1—3m,导致沿海地区约7×10~4km~2被海水所淹,达到全新世最大海侵范围。  相似文献
3.
江苏建湖庆丰剖面1万年来的植被与气候   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
江苏建湖庆丰剖面全新世沉积地层比较典型,本文利用密集采样进行孢粉分析,以数值方法——对应分析,重建该地区1万年来气候变化序列,结果表现出7次暖期和6次冷期。其中8500—3700aB。P。是全新世高温期,年平均气温高出当地现今0.8—1.7℃。这种气候变化规律与格陵兰冰芯δ~(18)O同位素曲线及欧亚西北部根据孢粉资料建立的1万年来7月份气温曲线进行对比,具有很大的相似性。  相似文献
4.
The Climatic Fluctuation and Important Events of Holocene Megathermal in China   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
Data from various sources including the ice core, inland lakes , paleosols in loess and eolian sands, sea level fluctuations, paleozoological, archeological evidences especially palynology and bontanical studies of China are reviewed . Holocene Megathermal mainly appeared during 8. 5-3 ka BP and lasted for 5. 5 ka. There were several strong climatic fluctuations and cooling events during this period, e. g. it was an unstable temperature fluctuation phase during 8. 5-7. 2 ka BP and was accompanied with the increase of the precipitation as well as the northward and westward migration of the vegetation zone ; the rapid development of Neolithic Culture happened in this phase. It was a stable warm and wet phase from 7. 2 to 6 ka BP, i. e. Megathermal Maximum, when monsoon was rainfall almost throughout China, plants were unprecedentedly flourished, and the Yangshao Culture reached its climax. It is characterized by strong climatic fluctuation and adverse environment during 6-5 ka BP and the impact of strong  相似文献
5.
Loess near Lanzhou in the late Pleistocene is very sensitive to climatic fluctuations. The Beiyuan terrace profile in Linxia City, of which the curve of susceptibility tallies with the trend of isotopic curves of Vostok 2083 m ice core in Antarctica, is 35m thick. There are five layers of paleosols under Malan loess(L_1). Upper three layers (S_(1-a),S(1-b)and S_(1-c) correspond to three warm stages in last interglaciation, Interstadial of Last Glacial (C stage in Antarctic ice core)was clearly recorded in the Beiyuan profile, in which three layers of paleosols and two of loess were formed. The lowest section of the profile belongs to penultimate glaciation, in which fossils of cold-drought-resistant mammal and mollusc have been discovered.  相似文献
6.
末次冰期旋迴兰州黄土剖面与南极东方站冰岩芯的对比   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文论述了临夏市北塬阶地剖面的磁化率曲线与南极东方站2083m冰岩芯的同位素曲线变化趋势十分吻合,剖面厚35m,马兰黄土之下出现5层古土壤,上部3层(S_(1-a),S_(1-b),S_(1-c))对应末次间冰期的3个温暖阶段,末次冰期的间冰段(南极冰岩芯的C阶段)在北塬黄土剖面中有清楚的反映,形成3层古土壤和两层黄土,剖面底剖已属于倒数笫二次冰期,发现有耐干冷的哺乳动物和软体动物化石。  相似文献
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