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1.
公路交通噪声预测模型探讨   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
赵剑强  刘春玲 《应用声学》2005,24(3):147-151
对公路交通噪声预测模型进行了分析推导,指出美国联邦公路局FHWA模型为近似表达式,并给出了精确表达式。对FHWA模型与精确表达式在硬地面、软地面、混合地面几种条件下的值进行了比较分析。结果表明,两者在硬地面条件下的形式和计算结果相同;在混合地面,即公路的实际情况下,两者存在差异,差值等于10lg(r1/r0)α。在用于高速公路交通噪声预测计算时,当r0取15m,该差值较小,当r0取7.5m,该差值增大;在一般情况下,r0取15m时的差值为±0.3dB(A),r0取7.5m时的差值为1.2—1.8dB(A),后者约占交通噪声预测值的1.5-4%,是不应忽视的。说明我国在引用FHWA模型时,对参考点距离的更改,会造成用于高速公路交通噪声预测的误差增大。建议我国使用本文推导给出的修订模型。  相似文献
2.
开式轴流风扇气动噪声预测   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文采用LES/FW-H的匹配方法,研究了开式轴流风扇内部旋涡流动特征及其与叶片表面干涉引起的气动噪声之间的联系,同时进行了远场噪声预测,探讨了叶轮不同表面辐射噪声时的频谱分布特征.研究结果表明,开式轴流风扇吸力面附近形成的叶尖涡和前缘分离涡在吸力面叶片表面相应位置形成大压力波动,形成主要噪声源;叶片吸力面的辐射噪声可以通过改善吸力面附近的旋涡流动来降低;低速轴流叶轮由叶轮壁面辐射的噪声以宽频成分为主.  相似文献
3.
A rail noise prediction model for the Tehran-Karaj commuter train   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Rail noise prediction models enable consideration of different scenarios for the optimal management of noise prevention and mitigation. This project is aimed at developing an equation that enables computation of LA,max for the Tehran-Karaj commuter train, a type of Diesel-Electric Locomotive. The form of the proposed model is derived from equations for predicting LA,max for a single locomotive pass-by, proposed in the manual prepared by Harris Miller Miller & Hanson Inc. for the US Federal Transit Administration, and in the French rail noise prediction model. The algorithm for predicting LA,max for the Tehran-Karaj commuter train has been developed on the basis of the 50 measurements from 5 locations at distances of 25 m, 35 m, 45 m, 55 m, and 65 m from the centre of the track and at a height of 1.5 m. In the field measurements, the reference distance and the reference vehicle speed have respectively been set equal to 25 m and 80 km per hour. The reference LA,max, length and the speed correction coefficients have been estimated from the field measurements and have been found to be 86.2 dB(A), 11.3, and 18.4 respectively. The fitness test (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) and regression analysis indicate satisfactory results.  相似文献
4.
I.Mathematicalmodelofacousticfie1dByapplyingtheSommerfeldradiationcondihonThus,anacousticfic1disdescribcdbyHelmholtzformula.Byconsideringaficldpointinthearea,Helmholtzformulaisgivenbythefollowingthreeintegra1equations:(1)Theexternalintcgra1fOrmu1a'(2)Thcintcrnalintegralformu1af(3)Thesurfaceintegralformu1afwhcreP.isthesoundpressureonthcSsurface;rthedistancefrompointqtothee1ementsurfacedSiqtheficldpoint,tuthefrcqucncyoftheacousticradiation;pthedensityofthesurroundingmedium,vsthenormalvibrati…  相似文献
5.
Prediction of noise levels at shielded positions in urban areas is more difficult than on exposed positions. At shielded positions, the predictions method must include multiple reflections, and many sources must be taken into account. Using numerical methods that solve the wave equation is possible, but very computationally heavy. Here two methods have been used, a very simplified ray model and a statistical model. The results show that concentrating the traffic and introducing absorption onto building façades will give lower levels at shielded positions.  相似文献
6.
A model for motorway traffic noise has been obtained from measurements along the the Bangkok-Chonburi motorway. The model’s parameters include traffic volume and combination, the average spot speed of each type of vehicle and the physical conditions of the motorway in terms of right-of-way width, number of lanes, lane width, shoulder width, and median width for both of the main carriageways and frontage roads. The noise level that is generated by each type of vehicle has been analyzed according to the propagation in the direction perpendicular to the center line of motorway’s carriageway. The total traffic noise is then analyzed from traffic volume of all vehicle types on both sides of carriageways and frontage roads. The basic noise levels used in the motorway traffic noise model are modified according to the effective ground effect along the propagation path. The final result of this study is that a motorway traffic noise model based on the perpendicular propagation analysis technique performs well in a statistical goodness-of-fit test against the field data, and therefore, can be used effectively in traffic noise prediction for related or similar motorway projects.  相似文献
7.
The prediction of road traffic noise levels in areas not directly exposed, such as areas behind buildings and courtyards, is difficult using standardised methods. This is mainly due to the fact that traditionally only one or a few sources are included. Here a simple model that assumes a flat city on rigid ground is used to demonstrate that sources from a large area are important. Calculations are compared to measurements for four cases, and the proposed method predicts levels 6-10 dB too high for the equivalent level at all measurement positions. If a correction is applied for this over-estimation, the results agree well.  相似文献
8.
In this study, we introduce outdoor sound simulation that is fully compliant with ISO 9613 yet with some complementary methods that enhance its applicability; for example, calculation of sound attenuation due to undulating terrain in octave bands, geometric divergence in the near-field of the source, and short-term wind effects. Using the method, we have carried out highway traffic noise prediction and measurement for 12 sites with representative road shapes and structures. In the prediction, the sound power level for a road segment was estimated by the method suggested in ASJ Model-1998 with experimental corrections to the overall noise level and spectrum. Comparing results between predicted and measured noise levels show good correspondence at direct, diffracted and reflected sound fields within 30m from the center of the near side lane.  相似文献
9.
An improved calculation model for the prediction of levels of noise from trams is presented. The model is based on current calculation models for noise from trams and the measurements of equivalent noise levels from trams carried out in Kos?ice, Slovakia. The data were processed using correlation and regression analysis and besides already known factors (the number of tram sets passing a certain location per hour, tram speed, the type of tram rail, the tramline gradient), several new factors (wavelength of rail corrugations and rail grinding, the age of the tramcars and tramlines and the detailed composition of tram sets) have been included in the presented calculation model for the prediction of levels of noise from trams.  相似文献
10.
Traffic noise prediction models in France are based on vehicle noise emission values defined by the French Guide du Bruit des Transports Terrestres (Noise Guide for Ground Transport - Noise levels prediction). These emission values are suited for models addressing the noise assessments of road infrastructures and the dimensioning of acoustic protections, needing traffic noise estimations in terms of ?Aeq over a long period of time (an hour or more).The values, obtained from measurements collected in the 70s, are updated in the publication of a new guide (Methodological Guide, Vehicle noise emissions, to be published), which addresses the road surface influence on tyre/road noise. The emission values are now expressed through the contributions of a power unit component, function of traffic speed, traffic flow type and road declivity, and of a rolling noise component, function of traffic speed and road pavement.The paper outlines the procedures followed to determine the components, gives their numerical values, and illustrates some vehicle noise emissions.  相似文献
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