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A sample of 1233 events is used to study the general characteristics of {}^{16}O-Em interactions at 4.5 A GeV/c. Multiplicity and angular distributions of slow particles and correlations among them are discussed. The present data are compared with the corresponding results from the interactions of other projectiles at the same energy and also the same projectile at different energies. The results indicate that black particle production is independent of the energy and mass of the projectile, but for grey particles it is dependent on the mass of projectile.  相似文献
2.
The measurements of partial production cross sections of the multiple helium projectile fragments emitted at 4.5 A GeV/c {}^{16}O-Em interactions are reported. We have studied the production rate of helium projectile fragments due to fragmentation of {}^{16}O ions and compared it with that obtained from different projectiles at various energies. The dependence of on the mass number of the incident beams is formulated. The multiplicity distributions of the helium fragments produced in {}^{16}O-Em interactions at different energies exhibit Koba-Nielson-Olesen (KNO) scaling. The correlation of helium projectile fragments and target fragments is also investigated and it is found that the average of target fragments is increased with the decrease of the number of helium fragments in peripheral interactions.  相似文献
3.
Analytical results are derived for the effective dispersion of a passive scalar in a stochastic velocity field evolving in a fast time scale. These results are favorably compared with direct computer simulation of stochastic differential equations containing multiplicative space-time correlated noise.  相似文献
4.
对400 AMeV 12C诱发乳胶核反应重电离粒子的前后关联进行了研究。重电离粒子来源于靶核碎片,分为灰径迹粒子和黑径迹粒子两种。实验结果很好地验证了核-核碰撞几何模型。灰径迹粒子的发射在前、后半球是各向异性的,而黑径迹粒子的发射基本是一致的。向前、向后发射的灰径迹粒子、黑径迹粒子平均多重数对重电离粒子数nh呈线性依赖,黑径迹粒子、灰径迹粒子的向前发射随nh的增加而增加的幅度分别大于其向后发射随nh的增加而增加的幅度,但核内级联效应受靶核大小的影响,向后半球内发射的灰径迹粒子平均多重数随nh的增加有饱和现象,这些多重数关联特性基本上可以利用基于碰撞几何的旁观体-反应体模型及级联蒸发模型来解释。 The forward-backward multiplicity correlation of heavily ionized particles produced in 12C-emulsion interactions at 400 AMeV is investigated. The heavy ionized particles, come from the target fragments, are divided into grey track particle and black track particle. The experimental results can be well explained by the geometry model of the nucleus-nucleus collisions. The emission of grey track particles in forward and backward hemisphere is not isotropic, but the emission of black track particle is almost isotropic. The averaged multiplicity of grey track particles and black track particles in forward and backward hemisphere linearly depend on the number of heavily ionized particle nh, the correlation strength in forward hemisphere is greater than that in backward hemisphere, but the dependence of grey track particle in backward hemisphere on the number of heavily ionized particle nh shows the saturation because of the intranuclar cascade effect is influenced by target size. The characteristics of multiplicity correlations can be well explained by the participant-spectator model based on the colliding geometrical picture and the cascade evaporation model of high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions.  相似文献
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