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1.
甘氨酸在纳米碳管中的吸附及性质的分子模拟   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
采用分子力学、分子动力学方法模拟研究了甘氨酸分子在单壁纳米碳管中的吸附和扩散行为 ,并对甘氨酸分子在纳米碳管中的构象和能量进行了优化 .模拟计算结果表明 ,甘氨酸在纳米碳管中的构象发生了伸缩和扭转 ,这种构象的改变将会导致氨基酸生物性能的改变 ;纳米碳管对氨基酸分子具有较强的吸附作用 ,其中纳米碳管和甘氨酸分子之间的π -π相互作用增加了纳米碳管对氨基酸的吸附能 .模拟过程中氨基酸分子和纳米碳管之间的运动会保持很强的协同效应 ,使模拟体系构型在能量上处于最稳定的状态  相似文献
2.
HIV蛋白酶多肽抑制剂的理论研究   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
艾滋病病毒的发现距今已有二十多年的历史了.它仍然以很快的速度在全球范围速蔓延.研发抗艾滋病药物是当代药学的重大课题之一.在以往研究的基础上,我们利用分子叠合和分子对接这两种分子模拟手段,把从PDB数据库中得到的与HIV蛋白酶结合的12个肽类分子和已经上市的抗艾滋病的药物Saquinavir做比较.根据结构相同或相近的分子具有相同的活性原理,运用分子叠合初部判断分子活性,特别是药效团的特征比对揭示了分子活性的原因,为进一步的药物设计奠定了良好的基础.进而采用分子对接的分子模拟方法对这12个肽类分子的活性构象进行了深入的分析,预测出了这12个分子对HIV病毒蛋白酶的不同抑制作用.研究发现:P01、P05、P09、P12可能与已知药物Saquinavir在与HIV蛋白酶结合时具有相似的活性,其中P9的活性最强,有望成为抗HIV药物的理想前体,为下一步的HIV药物的设计研究提供了理论依据.  相似文献
3.
乙烷在中孔分子筛MCM-41中吸附的计算机分子模拟   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
采用计算机模拟方法研究不同温度下乙烷在不同孔径的MCM-41中的吸附.其中乙烷分子采用两个LJ中心的势模型表征,乙烷分子与MCM-41孔壁的相互作用采用一个连续的势模型表示.除考察了温度、孔径对吸附量的影响外,还研究这些量对乙烷分子在孔中的甲基和质心的分布,以及它们对乙烷分子在孔中的排列方向的影响.GCMC模拟结果发现,在180K和300K时壁面处都有较多的乙烷分子倾向于沿着壁面排列,同时在180K时其余的流体分子倾向于垂直于壁面排列,而在300K时其余的分子并不像在180K时一样倾向于垂直于壁面排列.模拟结果还表明,除壁面附近外,即使是在180K的较低温度下,乙烷分子的排列也是混乱和无序的.  相似文献
4.
The microscopic wetting of water on amorphous silica surfaces has been investigated by molecular dynamics simulation. Different degrees of surface hydroxylation/silanization were considered. It was observed that the hydrophobicity becomes enhanced with an increase in the degree of surface silanization. A continuous transformation from hydrophilicity to hydrophobicity can be attained for the amorphous silica surfaces through surface modification. From the simulation result, the contact angle can exceed 90° when surface silanization percentage is above 50%, showing a hydrophobic character. It is also found that when the percentage of surface silanization is above 70% on the amorphous silica surface, the water contact angle almost remains unchanged (110–120°). This phenomenon is a little different from the wetting behavior on smooth quartz plates in previous experimental report. This change in the wettability on modified amorphous silica surfaces can be interpreted in terms of the interaction between water molecules and the silica surfaces.  相似文献
5.
质子交换膜中的传质分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
质子交换膜燃料电池是最有应用前景的汽车动力替代系统。质子交换膜中的传质是质子交换膜燃料电池性能的控制因素之一。论文从宏观和微观角度分析了质子交换膜中的质子和水分的传递机理,分析了操作参数对质子在质子交换膜中传递的影响。研究发现:外载荷对质子和水分在质子交换膜中的传递有很大影响;(H5O2+是水合质子的主要结构形式;通过(H5O2+中氢氧键不断形成与断裂,电荷在质子交换膜中得以传递。研究结果对理解质子交换膜中的传质机理及其推广应用具有积极意义。  相似文献
6.
In this investigation, the chemical and structural characteristics of Fe nanoparticles synthesized by high-energy ball milling have been explored. After the milling process the nanoparticles were collected using a magnetic field. The structure, morphology and composition of the powders were obtained using high-resolution electron microscopy. HREM images confirmed the nanoparticles’ presence with approximately 2–4 nm in size. It was found that using this method allowed the formation of nanoparticles in a smaller size range than other synthesis methods. Also, it was confirmed by HREM images that the obtained nanoparticles were mainly of the fcc nature and some of them of the MTP type.  相似文献
7.
5,10,15,20-Tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) was synthesized and self-assembled on iron surface to form adlayers. Some surface analysis techniques such as XPS, FT-IR and SEM were performed to characterize the adlayers. The corrosion inhibition ability was investigated by using the technique of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization curves in 0.5 M H2SO4. Results showed that the presence of the porphyrin adlayers was able to protect iron from corrosion effectively and longer immersion time would lead to better inhibition performance. In addition, molecular simulation studies were applied to optimize the adsorption structures of TPP molecules on iron surface. Calculated results indicated that the middle macrocycle of the TPP molecules assumed a nearly flat orientation with respect to the iron surface and the four centrosymmetric benzene rings were tilted by 44.8° and 58.8° because of the steric hindrance effect.  相似文献
8.
We present here Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulation results of nitrogen adsorption at 77 K on a crude model of activated carbon. The material is modeled as slit-like pores of different widths, with smooth surfaces. The individual adsorption isotherms serve as the basis to check the success and limitations of the assumptions made when using the BET model to characterize adsorbent materials, in particular to calculate the monolayer capacity and the C parameter. As done in our previous work with several experimental adsorption isotherms, different linearizations of the BET equation are used. The aim of this work is to quantify, using statistical mechanics tools, the changes in the C factor with surface coverage, showing that C is an intrinsically energetic meaningful quantity. The amount of molecules adsorbed at each pressure is calculated in the first and subsequent layers. We also keep track of the adsorbent-adsorbate and adsorbate-adsorbate energy along the simulations. The C factor is obtained following two different routes: as directly derived from the BET equation, once the monolayer capacity is known, and from the heat of adsorption obtained directly from the simulations. Results from simulations confirm the changes in the C values with surface coverage. In addition, molecular simulations provide independent and consistent ways of calculating the monolayer capacity.  相似文献
9.
Configurational-bias Monte Carlo (CBMC) simulations provide adsorption isotherms, Henry coefficients and heats of adsorption of linear alkanes in sodium-exchanged MFI- and FAU-type zeolites. These simulations were carried out using our newly developed force field that reproduces experimental sodium positions in the dehydrated zeolites, and successfully predicts alkane adsorption properties over a wide range of sodium cation densities, temperatures, and pressures. We derived empirical expressions from the simulation data to describe the adsorption of linear alkanes in MFI- and FAU-type zeolites. These expressions afford a suitable substitute for complex CBMC simulations. In the low coverage regime we provide simple expressions that adequately describe the Henry coefficient and adsorption enthalpy of n-alkanes as a function of sodium density and temperature. The predicted Henry coefficients and heats of adsorption compare extremely well to available experimental data. In the high coverage regime we provide an expression for saturation capacities of linear alkanes in the zeolite. This expression, combined with the expression for the Henry coefficients, provides of the complete adsorption isotherms of pure adsorbents and mixtures, in good agreement with the adsorption isotherms obtained from CBMC.  相似文献
10.
张超  鲁雪生  顾安忠 《低温与超导》2006,34(4):276-278,285
利用容积法测量了77K下氢在一种碳纳米纤维上的吸附等温线。采用分子模拟的方法模拟了77K下氢分子在平板状碳纳米纤维中的吸附,碳纳米纤维的石墨层层间距分别为0.335nm、0.6nm、0.9nm以及1.5nm。模拟结果表明:石墨层层间距为0.335nm的碳纳米纤维在77K下吸附储氢密度很难达到DOE的能量密度标准;当板间距为0.9nm时,系统吸附储氢的重量密度和体积密度均能达到最大,且在77K、1MPa下,能达到DOE的能量密度标准。  相似文献
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