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李毅民 《应用声学》1995,14(4):34-37
由于建造消声室费用太高,如何在非消声室环境测量扬声器的特性是众多中小电声器材生产厂家极为关心的问题。本文介绍一种可在非消声室环境中进行测量的数字化的扬声器测量系统,本文论述了它的基本原理及两个关键问题,即激盛信号的选择以及对单位脉冲响应加窗的问题。本文还讨论了窗口的宽度和形状对所测扬声器频率特性的影响,及对测量房间的要求。  相似文献
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The measurement of radial directional natural frequency and damping ratio in a vehicle tire has been studied. Natural frequencies and damping ratios in the radial direction of various tires, from passenger car tires to truck bus tires, are reported. The radial direction modal parameters of tires subjected to different levels of inflation pressure, have been determined by using a frequency response function method. To obtain the theoretical natural frequency and mode shape, the plane vibration of a tire has been modeled as though it were that of a circular beam. By using the Tielking method that is based on Hamilton’s principle, theoretical results have been determined by considering the rotational velocity, tangential and radial stiffness, radial directional velocity and tension force which is due to tire inflation pressure. The results show that experimental conditions can be considered as the parameters that shift the natural frequency and damping ratio.  相似文献
3.
付志强  林书玉  陈时  鲜晓军  张小丽  王勇 《物理学报》2012,61(19):194301-194301
本文利用集中质量法对弹性纵波在一维指数形截面有限周期声子晶体中的传播进行了研究, 得到了频率响应函数的表达式. 与一维等截面的声子晶体相比, 指数形变截面声子晶体带隙内的衰减值随着输出端截面积的增大而减小, 同时带隙的起始频率降低而截止频率升高, 也即带隙的宽度会得到拓展. 晶格常数和材料组份比变化时, 变截面声子晶体带隙的起始频率和截止频率的变化趋势与等截面时的声子晶体相同. 希望本文的研究能够推动声子晶体在减振降噪等领域中的应用.  相似文献
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A finite element (FE) model and a boundary element (BE) model have been developed to predict the decay rate, vibration and noise responses of an embedded rail track. These models are validated using measured results. The optimisation of the embedded rail track is conducted using these calculated models. The results indicate that the optimised cross-section of the gutter for the embedding rail can significantly reduce the radiated noise of the embedded rail track. The embedded rail track using the I-shaped cross-section gutter reduces the radiated noise of the track by at least by 3 dB(A). Furthermore, combining the material parameter optimisation with the gutter cross-section optimisation can further reduce the radiated noise of the embedded rail track. Increasing the Young’s modulus of the rail pad in the embedded rail track with the I-shaped cross-section gutter can result in a radiated noise reduction of 4 dB(A).  相似文献
5.
王驰  于瀛洁  李醒飞  梁光强 《物理学报》2010,59(9):6319-6325
在研究土壤-地雷共振系统模型的基础上,提出一种共振与反共振相结合的声波探雷模型.根据地雷顺性大及低频声学的特征,把地雷与其上方的土壤分别等效为弹簧和质量块,构成质量-弹簧共振系统,通过对系统频响函数的解析,讨论模型的共振与反共振现象.通过实验发现有、无地雷的地表振动速度比值存在大于1的极大值频率点和小于1的极小值频率点交替出现的现象,与理论预测符合.表明土壤-地雷共振系统同时存在共振与反共振现象,可用于地雷成像的研究. 关键词: 共振模型 反共振 频响函数 声波探雷  相似文献
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