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1.
基于基追踪去噪的水声正交频分复用稀疏信道估计   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
尹艳玲  乔钢  刘凇佐  周锋 《物理学报》2015,64(6):64301-064301
针对传统的l2-范数信道估计精度低的问题, 提出了一种基于基追踪去噪(BPDN)的水声正交频分复用稀疏信道估计方法, 该方法针对水声信道的稀疏特性, 利用少量的观测值即可以很高的精度估计出信道冲激响应. 与贪婪追踪类算法相比, 基于BPDN算法的稀疏信号估计具有全局最优解, 采用l2-l1范数准则估计信号, 同时考虑了观测值含噪情况, 通过调整正则化参数控制估计信号稀疏度和残余误差之间的平衡. 仿真分析了导频分布、正则化参数等对BPDN 算法的影响以及BPDN算法与最小平方(LS)、正交匹配追踪(OMP)信道估计算法的性能. 湖试结果表明, 在稀疏信道下, 基于BPDN的信道估计方法明显优于LS和OMP信道估计方法.  相似文献
2.
马璐  刘凇佐  乔钢 《物理学报》2015,64(15):154304-154304
针对水声正交频分多址(OFDMA)上行通信中用户导频数量少、分布不均匀, 导致传统内插信道估计方法产生误码平层的问题, 提出一种稀疏信道估计与导频优化方法. 基于压缩感知(CS)理论估计稀疏信道冲激响应, 并依据CS理论中测量矩阵互相关最小化原理, 提出基于随机搜索的导频图案和导频功率联合优化算法. 仿真结果表明, 所提方法在不同多径扩展信道下的性能均优于基于线性内插的最小二乘估计、未经导频优化的CS信道估计以及单纯基于导频图案优化的CS信道估计. 水池实验分别验证了交织式和广义式子载波分配的水声OFDMA上行通信性能, 在接收信噪比高于10 dB时利用所提方法实现了两用户接入的可靠通信.  相似文献
3.
基于LMS/SOLMS算法的时变多径水声信道估计方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
张刚强  童峰 《应用声学》2008,27(3):212-216
缓变信道下基于LMS算法的信道估计算法具有较好的跟踪性能,但对快变信道,LMS算法跟踪性能下降。SOLMS算法具有比LMS算法更好的跟踪性能,尤其是在快变的信道下。但由于SOLMS算法在收敛阶段的振荡性,这时收敛速度较LMS算法慢。本文提出一种收敛模式下用LMS算法获得信道的参数,收敛后则切换成SOLMS算法跟踪信道的变化的信道估计方法。新方法结合了LMS算法收敛快和SOLMS算法跟踪性能好的优点。对时变多径水声信道估计的计算机仿真实验证明了该方法的有效性。  相似文献
4.
It can be difficult for the voice clinician to observe or measure how a patient uses his voice in a noisy environment. We consider here a novel method for obtaining this information in the laboratory. Worksite noise and filtered white noise were reproduced over high-fidelity loudspeakers. In this noise, 11 subjects read an instructional text of 1.5 to 2 minutes duration, as if addressing a group of people. Using channel estimation techniques, the site noise was suppressed from the recording, and the voice signal alone was recovered. The attainable noise rejection is limited only by the precision of the experimental setup, which includes the need for the subject to remain still so as not to perturb the estimated acoustic channel. This feasibility study, with 7 female and 4 male subjects, showed that small displacements of the speaker's body, even breathing, impose a practical limit on the attainable noise rejection. The noise rejection was typically 30 dB and maximally 40 dB down over the entire voice spectrum. Recordings thus processed were clean enough to permit voice analysis with the long-time average spectrum and the computerized phonetogram. The effects of site noise on voice sound pressure level, fundamental frequency, long-term average spectrum centroid, phonetogram area, and phonation time were much as expected, but with some interesting differences between females and males.  相似文献
5.
In this paper the particle swarm optimization (PSO) and least mean square (LMS) algorithms are comparatively studied to estimate the optical communication channel parameters for radio over fiber systems. It is observed that especially in low noise one tap optical channels, the convergence of LMS algorithm is approximately same with PSO algorithm. On the other hand, as a communication medium, selecting high noisy fiber optical channels or free space optical channels; PSO reaches better mean square error values. The computational complexity which is one of the most important features for optimization algorithms has also been taken into account.  相似文献
6.
In this study, firstly we presented a wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) transmission system derived from the coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) with polarization division multiplexing (PDM) and 64 order quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). We then proposed an improved channel estimation method based on discrete Fourier transform for the system to further improve the performance of the WDM transmission system. Under the experimental conditions employed, the principle and the spectral efficiency of the system, including a proposed algorithm to improve its performance (e.g. the robustness of the transmission impairments of the system) were studied. The simulations results demonstrated that our method improved the system efficient significantly. The system signal at 24 Tb/s can achieve a spectral efficiency of 12.5 bit/s/Hz up to a distance of 2000 km.  相似文献
7.
To improve the accuracy of the channel estimation in PDM-CO-OFDM system when LS algorithm is used, a joint denoising method is proposed in this paper. We have theoretically proposed and simulated designed scattered pilot pattern for PDM-CO-OFDM system, then multi-wavelet is used to denoise the LS channel estimation results which have been interpolation in frequency domain, ISFA is further used to denoise signals after interpolation in time domain. Simulation results show that for 4-QAM, 80 GB/s PDM-CO-OFDM system, the proposed joint denoising method has improved 0.96 dB in OSNR sensitivity at the BER of 1e−3 (threshold of FEC) compared to the common LS method and reduced system overhead at the same time.  相似文献
8.
This paper presents an improved processing added to conventional least square (LS) channel estimation to modify its performance for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) system. By testing selected limitation factors of the existing algorithms, the influence of our improved algorithm to the performance of CO-OFDM system were studied and compared with other published algorithms. The simulation results of the study demonstrated that the proposed approaches achieved better channel estimation performance and are considered as a more appropriate alternative for CO-OFDM system with the tradeoff between complexity and performance.  相似文献
9.
针对通信系统中的正交频分复用(Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, OFDM)超宽信道具有的稀疏多径和含噪声特征,将信道估计问题转换为稀疏信号的重构和优化问题,设计了一种基于压缩感知理论和粒子滤波的OFDM信道估计方法。首先定义和描述了OFDM数学模型;然后在对压缩感知理论模型研究的基础上,采用改进的正交匹配算法对OFDM超宽信道进行重构,为了进一步减少信道重构的误差,将由于正交匹配算法得到的重构信道作为初始的粒子,并将OFDM数学模型转换为动态参数模型,并通过粒子滤波来更新模型中的参数和频率响应,通过不断迭代获得信道的估计值。为了验证文中方法的优越性,将文中方法与经典的正交匹配算法与粒子滤波算法进行比较,结果表明:文中方法能有效地对含噪声的稀疏信号进行估计,具有较小的重构误差,且与其它方法相比,具有较小的归一化均方误差。  相似文献
10.
汪辉松  曾贵华 《中国物理 B》2008,17(12):4451-4457
In this paper, the effect of imperfect channel state information at the receiver, which is caused by noise and other interference, on the multi-access channel capacity is analysed through a statistical-mechanical approach. Replica analyses focus on analytically studying how the minimum mean square error (MMSE) channel estimation error appears in a multiuser channel capacity formula. And the relevant mathematical expressions are derived. At the same time, numerical simulation results are demonstrated to validate the Replica analyses. The simulation results show how the system parameters, such as channel estimation error, system load and signal-to-noise ratio, affect the channel capacity.  相似文献
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