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李毅民 《应用声学》1995,14(4):34-37
由于建造消声室费用太高,如何在非消声室环境测量扬声器的特性是众多中小电声器材生产厂家极为关心的问题。本文介绍一种可在非消声室环境中进行测量的数字化的扬声器测量系统,本文论述了它的基本原理及两个关键问题,即激盛信号的选择以及对单位脉冲响应加窗的问题。本文还讨论了窗口的宽度和形状对所测扬声器频率特性的影响,及对测量房间的要求。  相似文献
2.
Fan is one of the main noise sources of the room air-conditioners. Axial flow fans are widely used in the outdoor unit of split type air-conditioners. The interaction between the fan and the heat exchanger should be taken into consideration. However, only a few researches have been carried out on predicting the aeroacoustic noise because of the difficulty in obtaining detailed information of the flow field. This paper is to understand the generation mechanism of sound and to develop a prediction method for the flow field and the acoustic pressure field of the outdoor unit. Acoustic measurement is performed in a semi-anechoic chamber. Effects of each components is analyzed. Based on commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, Fluent, Fukano’s model is used to predict the overall sound pressure level of broadband noise. The predicted sound pressure levels based on original Fukano’s model are 7.66 dB and 7.42 dB lower than measurement results at 780 rpm and 684 rpm, respectively. And the errors are about 13%. However, when wake width and relative velocity are both calculated by numerical simulations and the distance to blade trailing edge is taken into consideration, the difference of sound pressure level between measurement and prediction is less than 3.4 dB and errors less than 5.5% while the distance is less than 10 mm. Thus, the distance to blade trailing edge should also be an important parameter for Fukano’s model. In comparison with experimental results, it is clearly shown that the Fukano method based on numerical simulation can provide more accuracy than the original Fukano model and numerical results are in a reliable level.  相似文献
3.
T. Kar 《Applied Acoustics》2006,67(9):901-917
The present work delineates the applicability of the boundary-condition-transfer algorithm for analyzing the performance of the acoustic wedge. The theoretical model, based on the plane wave acoustical coupling between two interacting ducts of variable cross-sectional area, outlines the simplicity as well as the usefulness of the current approach. The proposed model assumes bulk reaction and hence a wave propagation in the wedge material. An asymptotic solution using the Peano-Baker series of matrix calculus is derived with the aid of an inherently stable boundary condition transfer (BCT) algorithm. The proposed method is validated extensively against the available literature in order to establish the utility of this elemental approach over its much more complex and time consuming counterparts like FEM and BEM.  相似文献
4.
古利堂  谢志文 《应用声学》2013,32(5):369-374
为研究弦槌性能,有很多研究者采用了各种机械测量方法,而本论文则希望通过声学测量方法来研究。我们实测了两套不同弦槌对钢琴声音频谱的影响,具体做法是在消声室中使用3种力度弹奏88个琴键并进行录音。频谱分析的结果表明两套弦槌在中力度弹奏时得到的频谱基本一致,但在大力度和小力度弹奏时差别较大,其差别表现为:在低频端,珠江钢琴弦槌激发的高次谐波分量要大于并多于德国Abel公司生产的弦槌;随着频率的升高,该现象逐渐减弱,并出现相反的现象。根据Donal E. Hall的弦槌理论可知,造成这些差异的原因是弦槌硬度和初始能量的影响效果在不同力度下有所不同,如欲考察弦槌宽度和质量的影响适合在大力度下弹奏,而考察弦槌硬度的影响适合在小力度下弹奏。实验结果表明,这种声学测量实验方法主要使用常规的声学仪器,具有简单、易行的优点,可以作为辅助弦槌的设计和改进工作的一种有效方法。  相似文献
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