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1.
应用由111个传声器组成的平面传声器阵列对当前流行的民用客机进场着陆过程中的机体噪声源进行了实验测量,本对七架窄体客机和七架宽体客机的起落架噪声进行了分析,得到了起落架噪声的频谱特性、指向特性和声级变化。研究发现,起落架噪声的频谱是由宽频随机噪声与一些较为明显的单噪声源组成,起落架噪声的指向性类似于一个水平放置的偶极子。不同飞机起落架噪声的声级相差较大,这说明可以通过重新结构设计降低起落架噪声。  相似文献
2.
The standard method for computing noise contours around civil airports is SAE-AIR-1845 (FAA Integrated Noise Model, European ECAC-CEAC Doc. 29). It is subject to the inaccuracies implicit in the model as well as those caused by erroneous or imprecise input data. Regarding the latter, the existing errors and/or uncertainties, may be amplified in the output results, to a greater or lower extent, in some cases offering unreliable predictions.In order to study this phenomenon, the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR - Southampton) carried out a theoretical sensitivity analysis based on the segmentation technique, regarding the input parameters of the SAE-AIR-1845, and obtaining the input variables of the model, the variation of which implied greater changes in the output variables. The results were validated by using the FAA Integrated Noise Model Version 6.0 software, based on the aforementioned document. It has been revealed that the model has a greater sensitivity to factors that modify the flight path, and a lower sensitivity to the other parameters. Thus, an error greater than 10% in the variable “gross weight” offers an additional error of between 3 and 7 dB. However, parameters such as the ID of the flaps hardly modify the results obtained for the least favourable case by 1 dB.As a result of this research, the sensitivity of the model was quantified for each of the input parameters (taken alone and also in interaction with other parameters), and criteria for the minimisation of global error, resulting from uncertainties in the input parameters, were stated.  相似文献
3.
Averaged data for sound levels due to aircraft engine testing out to a distance of 3 km obtained under low wind speed conditions are presented. Predictions of standard analytical approximations are compared with these averaged data. The measured average sound levels are shown to be consistent with the predicted influence of ground effect including impedance discontinuities. There is a noticeable influence of directionality also.  相似文献
4.
This study focuses on perceived activity disturbance evaluated by participants who are subjected to the repetition noise of current aircraft and modified aircraft in regard to tonal quality. A previous study devoted to the sound quality of aircraft noise revealed that one of the most important perceptive features is the emergence of Doppler shifted tones. Six 20-min sound sequences were created combining two variables: number of aircraft (N1 with six aircraft and N2 with 10 aircraft plus one sequence without aircraft N0) and tonality (sequences with current aircraft, sequences with +5 dB-amplified tonality and sequences with −5 dB-attenuated tonality). For all sequences, the equivalent sound level and the peak level of the loudest event are constant, except for the sequence without aircraft. Sixty-three subjects, attending two different sequences in one session, rated on a category scale the level of activity disturbance due to the noise environment when carrying out memory and concentration tasks. The order of presentation was controlled as an additional variable in the variance analyses. The perceived activity disturbance is significantly influenced by the equivalent sound level. The influence of the number of aircraft flyovers is statistically significant at the 5% level. High tonal components have no effect on perceived disturbance. Memory and concentration performances, measured by number of incorrect or correct answers, are influenced only by the order of presentation, revealing the importance of the learning effect. Reaction time, which is influenced by the equivalent sound level, seems better adapted for measuring the effect of noise on task achievement. These results are discussed in regard to related research.  相似文献
5.
To formulate Vietnamese and global noise policies, social surveys on community response to aircraft noise and combined noise from aircraft and road traffic were carried out in Ho Chi Minh City from August to September 2008 and in Hanoi from August to September 2009. In total, 1562 and 1397 responses were obtained in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, respectively. The aircraft noise was measured for seven successive days, and the combined noise was measured for 24 h. Aircraft and combined noise exposures ranged from 53 to 71 dB and 73 to 83 dB Lden in Ho Chi Minh City and from 48 to 61 dB and 70 to 82 dB Lden in Hanoi, respectively. The dose–response curve for aircraft noise for Vietnam was established and fitted onto the curve for the European Union. For the same noise exposure, the aircraft noise annoyance in Hanoi was higher than that in Ho Chi Minh City because of the lower background noise level in Hanoi.  相似文献
6.
One of the most difficult tasks involved in the process of noise monitoring near airports is related to the automatic detection and classification of aircraft noise events.These tasks can be solved by applying pattern recognition techniques to the audio signal captured by a microphone. But now the problem is caused by the background noise, which is present in real environments.This paper proposes a real-time method for continuously tracking the similarity of the input sound and the aircraft’s sounds. Using these facilities, the monitoring unit will be able to mark aircraft events, or to make measurements only when aircraft sound is louder than background noise.A one-class approach has been applied to this detection-by-classification method.Using the default setup, 93% of the aircraft’s events which held an SNR of 6-8 dB were detected, for 30 different locations with diverse soundscapes.  相似文献
7.
When noise mapping airports, the main noise sources are take offs and landings. But aircrafts’ taxi noise can also be important, and should be considered, for instance when there are residential buildings near the airport’s terminal.Main prediction tools, like Integrated Noise Model (INM), do not consider taxiing and standard outdoors noise predictions software applications must be used, to model taxi as industrial noise sources.This technical note shows frequency band sound power levels and directivity data for several aircrafts’ classes; so that an acoustic consultant can include taxi for noise mapping an airport.  相似文献
8.
针对军用机场飞机飞行训练方式复杂多变,飞机噪声影响存在范围大、不均匀及单次事件噪声突出的特点,本文结合某军用机场实地调研测试资料,综合考察了现行评价指标对该机场飞机噪声暴露的模化效果,指出了现行指标在反映军用飞机瞬时噪声和高峰时段噪声对人的冲击影响方面的不足,提出了相应的改进措施建议,给出了高峰时段LWECPN和最大A声级LAmax两个改进指标,并分析确立了各评价指标的标准限值。最后结合调研机场的数据资料对评价指标的有效性进行了验证。论文的研究成果对军用机场飞机噪声暴露的拓展研究和通用评价指标体系的构建具有很好的参考作用。  相似文献
9.
W. Krebs  M. Balmer 《Applied Acoustics》2008,69(11):1096-1100
A new standardised test environment for aircraft noise calculation programs is presented. By means of this test environment different programs for aircraft noise calculation can be compared systematically. For this purpose a complete data set was developed, containing all relevant information needed to perform unambiguous aircraft noise calculations in the vicinity of an artificial airport. The input data is provided in a generic, non-program-specific form in order to be applicable to programs based on different calculation methods and data structures. In addition to the input data, guidelines on the file format of the results of calculations performed with different programs are specified to facilitate direct comparisons. The test environment and its data structure are outlined and examples of calculations according to this scheme are presented.  相似文献
10.
为减少民机驾驶舱设计迭代次数,提高设计质量和效率,提出了一种民机驾驶舱布局的设计流程。结合适航要求和人机工效分析方法,对飞行员眼位、人体尺寸、内部视界和外部视界、飞行员坐姿、座椅和脚蹬调节行程、中控台尺寸及其它关键部件位置进行了分析和研究。最后,应用提出的民机驾驶舱布局流程进行了公务机驾驶舱布局设计。结果表明,设计的民机驾驶舱布局流程能够快速实现预期设计目标,提高了设计效率,对民机驾驶舱设计具有指导意义。  相似文献
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