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An algorithm for the discrimination between signal and noise in Doppler spectrum analysers is proposed. Test results show that the algorithm can be used to estimate ‘objectively’ the maximum frequency of a spectrum independently of the subjective judgement of the operator and the spectrum analyser gain.  相似文献
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本文描述一台虚拟式扫描声显微镜及应用技术研究,它的硬件特别简单,仅由一台带有超高速A/D卡和快脉冲收发卡的PC机和机械扫描系统组成,主要的功能均由软件完成,脉冲收发卡仅包括脉冲产生和高频放大器,A/D卡采用PCI总线,采样率1GSPS,数据传输率100MB/s,系统能采集并实时显示频率达百兆的未检波回波信号,采修订本以的信号经软件处理,可在屏幕上实时显示样品的A、B、C型幅度像或相位像,仪器利用信号处理技术提高信号的信噪比;进行特征提取,识别,该仪器在材料识别,电子、光电子器件和焊接质量检测等方面功能较强,具有广阔的开发应用前景。  相似文献
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Zhang GM  Zhang CZ  Harvey DM 《Ultrasonics》2012,52(3):351-363
Many sparse signal representation (SSR) algorithms have been developed in the past decade. The advantages of SSR such as compact representations and super resolution lead to the state of the art performance of SSR for processing ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation (NDE) signals. Choosing a suitable SSR algorithm and designing an appropriate overcomplete dictionary is a key for success. After a brief review of sparse signal representation methods and the design of overcomplete dictionaries, this paper addresses the recent accomplishments of SSR for processing ultrasonic NDE signals. The advantages and limitations of SSR algorithms and various overcomplete dictionaries widely-used in ultrasonic NDE applications are explored in depth. Their performance improvement compared to conventional signal processing methods in many applications such as ultrasonic flaw detection and noise suppression, echo separation and echo estimation, and ultrasonic imaging is investigated. The challenging issues met in practical ultrasonic NDE applications for example the design of a good dictionary are discussed. Representative experimental results are presented for demonstration.  相似文献
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