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1.
基于BDRM理论的深海声场快速预报研究   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
张林  笪良龙  卢晓亭 《应用声学》2007,26(4):239-243
深海存在深海声道和双轴声道两种典型环境,WKBZ简正波方法已实现了深海声道中声场的快速准确预报,而对于双轴海洋声道则存在一定的误差。本文在WKBZ本征函数的基础上,推导出了参考界面相位修正的一致表达式,并将浅海声传播的波束位移射线简正波(BDRM)理论应用于计算双轴海洋声道中的声场,进行了数值模拟并与传统简正波方法进行比较,结果表明应用BDRM理论计算的传播损失具有很高的精度和速度。  相似文献
2.
用声透射损失测气一水混相介质中的含气量   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
高永慧 《应用声学》1999,18(1):32-35
本文利用超声检测中的穿透法,用频率为0.5MHz、1MHz、1.25MHz、2MHz、2.5MHz的声波,测量了气-水混相介质听声速比值和声透射损失,结果表明,在气泡大小,分布一定的情况下,可能用声透射损失来确定混相介质中的含量量,但不宜用声速比值。  相似文献
3.
Issues concerning the design and use of large-scale silencers are more prevalent today then ever before. With the increased use of large industrial machinery (such as gas turbines) and the increase in public awareness and concern for noise control, the desire to be able to properly design silencers for specific applications is increasing. Even today, most silencer design is performed by simply modifying existing designs without full confidence of the new performance characteristics. Due to the size and expense of these silencers, it would be beneficial to have means to predict the insertion loss (IL) or transmission loss (TL) characteristics at the design stage. To properly accomplish this, many factors such as geometry, absorptive material properties, flow effects, break out noise, and self-generated noise must be considered. The use of the finite element method (FEM) and the boundary element method (BEM) can aid in the prediction and design. This paper examines three of the different methods used in calculation of TL values; namely the “traditional” laboratory method, the 4-pole transfer matrix method and the 3-point method. A comparison of these methods based on such criteria as accuracy, computation time, and ease of use was conducted. In addition, the idiosyncrasies and problems encountered during implementation are presented. The conclusions were that the FEM is better suited for this kind of application and that the 3-point method was the fastest method and was easier to use than the 4-pole method.  相似文献
4.
丁莹  佟首峰  董科研  姜会林  付强 《光子学报》2014,39(10):1851-1856
介绍了非直视单散射信道模型及其在椭球坐标系下的求解方法.在此基础上,针对垂直发收模式,研究了大气信道对紫外光通信系统的影响.对不同天气、不同通信距离条件下,大气信道所产生的能量损耗、时间延迟和脉冲展宽等进行了定量分析和仿真.仿真结果表明:能量衰减随能见度变化曲线存在拐点,即并不是天气越好,能见度越高,系统接收能量越大|通信距离1 km时,能见度18 km处出现能量衰减最小值|能量衰减随通信距离非线性递增,通信距离1 km时,能量衰减近100 dB|随着通信距离的增加,时间延迟和脉冲展宽都近似呈线性增长,通信距离1 km时,时间延迟接近5 μs,脉冲展宽大于10 μs.  相似文献
5.
The objective of this paper is to propose a practical impedance tube method to optimize the sound transmission loss of double wall structure by concentrating on the sound package placed inside the structure. In a previous work, the authors derived an expression that breakdown the transmission loss of a double wall structure containing a sound absorbing blanket separated from the panels by air layers in terms of three main contributions; (i) sound transmission loss of the panels, (ii) sound transmission loss of the blanket and (iii) sound absorption due to multiple reflections inside the cavity. The sound transmission loss contributions of the blanket can thus be estimated from three acoustic measurements using impedance tube techniques: two reflection coefficients at the front face and the rear face of the blanket placed in specific positions characteristic of its position inside the double wall structure and its sound transmission coefficient. The method is first validated in the case of a double wall structure filled with a 2 in. foam material. Next, it is applied to investigate (i) the effect of frame compression of a 2 in. fibre glass in an aeronautic-type double wall structure and (ii) the effect of double porosity with or without porous inclusions in a building-type double wall structure.  相似文献
6.
This paper presents a straightforward application of an indirect method based on a three-microphone impedance tube setup to determine the non-acoustic properties of a sound absorbing porous material. First, a three-microphone impedance tube technique is used to measure some acoustic properties of the material (i.e., sound absorption coefficient, sound transmission loss, effective density and effective bulk modulus) regarded here as an equivalent fluid. Second, an indirect characterization allows one to extract its non-acoustic properties (i.e., static airflow resistivity, tortuosity, viscous and thermal characteristic lengths) from the measured effective properties and the material open porosity. The procedure is applied to four different sound absorbing materials and results of the characterization are compared with existing direct and inverse methods. Predictions of the acoustic behavior using an equivalent fluid model and the found non-acoustic properties are in good agreement with impedance tube measurements.  相似文献
7.
THz波在金属镀层空芯波导中传输的理论和实验研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
谭晓玲  耿优福  周骏  姚建铨 《物理学报》2011,60(5):54101-054101
本文基于微扰法求得不同金属镀层空心圆波导中各模式的损耗系数,对金属镀层空芯波导中THz波传输损耗随金属材料、波导结构等参数的变化关系进行了数值模拟.根据数值分析结果,优化设计并拉制了内径为1.1 mm的镀银空芯波导,实验测得当THz波的频率为2.5 THz时,传输损耗为8.6 dB/m,实现了THz波短距离的有效传输. 关键词: 太赫兹波 金属空芯波导 传输损耗  相似文献
8.
Effect of Mesoscale eddies on underwater sound propagation   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The effects of sound speed variables induced by an anticyclonic eddy and a field of three cyclonic eddies on long-range sound propagation are investigated respectively. A deep-sea analytical eddy model [Henrick RF, Siegmann WL, Jacobson MJ. General analysis of ocean eddy effects for sound transmission applications. J Acoust Soc Am 1977;62:860-870] is used to determined sound speed distributions produced by warm-core ring in the southwest of South China Sea. Furthermore, the above analytical eddy model is generalize to include the azimuth angle variation and is used to determined sound speed distributions produced by Gulf Stream rings with different strengths. The theoretical temperature fluctuations induced by the warm eddy and a eddy field including three cyclonic eddies agree qualitatively with the in situ investigation data. The transmission loss of acoustic energy through the cross section of the warm-core ring center and three cyclonic eddy centers is simulated using 2-D parabolic-equation (PE) numerical modeling. It is found that the acoustic field has a significant change with variation of the location of SOFAR axis in the presence of the warm eddy and three cyclonic eddies comparing with the scenario of no eddies. When the source is located in the outside of the warm-core eddy and three cyclonic eddies respectively, and the receiver is located in outside of the eddy, the transmission loss as a function of range is investigated at different receive depth. It is shown that the changes of transmission loss caused by the warm-core eddy and three cyclonic eddies are as much as 20 dB than that of no-eddy situation. In the case of three cyclonic eddies, the largest discrepancy of transmission loss is about 40 dB near the range of 45 km for a 25-Hz source being located at a depth of 1500 m.  相似文献
9.
Active membrane-based silencer and its acoustic characteristics   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
A membrane-based silencer using dielectric elastomer absorbers (DEAs) was developed and explored in the present study. Dielectric elastomer, a soft smart material, was used to fabricate this actuator. It has the characteristic of lightweight, high elastic energy density and large deformation under external direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC) voltages. The typical acoustic performances of this membrane-based silencer were experimentally identified using a transmission loss (TL) duct acoustic measurement system. It was found that the resonance peaks of this membrane-based silencer could be controlled by applying different external voltages, a maximum resonance frequency shift of 59.5 Hz for the resonance peaks was achieved which indicated that this membrane-based silencer could be adjusted to absorb the target noise without any addition mechanical part. Furthermore, the resonance shift and multiple resonances mechanisms using DEAs were proposed and discussed which was aiming to achieve multi-peaks noise reduction. The present results also provide insight into the appropriateness of the absorber for possible use as an acoustic treatment to replace the traditional acoustic treatment in the noise reduction technology.  相似文献
10.
高声压级激励下,由于非线性效应的存在,穿孔板消声器的吸声特性将发生改变,而改变量的大小与穿孔板的结构参数(穿孔率,孔径,板厚)密切相关。本文设计搭建了实验平台来研究结构参数的变化对穿孔板消声器的吸声特性的影响。根据实验结果发现:随着声压级的升高,由于穿孔板结构的非线性加剧,其声阻抗将发生变化,导致穿孔板消声器的吸收峰值降低,但吸收频带却拓宽了;在穿孔率一定的情况下,孔径越小的穿孔板消声器更适合低声压级环境工作;在孔径一定的情况下,穿孔率越低的穿孔板消声器也更适合低声压级环境工作。  相似文献
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