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采用基于密度泛函理论的第一性原理计算方法, 研究了氮化硼纳米管六元环中心吸附5d过渡金属原子后体系的几何结构, 电子结构和磁性性质. 研究发现, 吸附原子向一个氮原子或硼原子偏移; 吸附体系在费米能级附近出现明显的杂质能级; 各个体系的总磁矩随原子序数出现规律性变化, 局域磁矩主要分布在吸附原子上.  相似文献
2.
采用密度泛函理论(DFT)计算研究铁原子与NO反应的相关微观反应机理。全参数优化了四重态和六重态反应势能面上各驻点的几何结构,用频率分析方法和内禀反应坐标(IRC)方法对过渡态进行了验证,得到了该反应的反应势能面曲线,并讨论了势能面的交叉情况。结果表明,该反应为典型的两态反应,反应通道一中出现了一个势能交叉点,反应通道二中出现了两个势能交叉点,反应通道三中出现了三个势能交叉点。势能面上的交叉点能够有效降低反应的活化能,增加反应放热,这在动力学和热力学上都是有利的。  相似文献
3.
First-principles calculations have been performed on the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of seven 3d transition-metal(TM) impurities(V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) doped armchair(5,5) and zigzag(8,0) beryllium oxide nanotubes(BeONTs). The results show that there exists a structural distortion around the 3d TM impurities with respect to the pristine BeONTs. The magnetic moment increases for V- and Cr-doped BeONTs and reaches a maximum for Mn-doped BeONT, and then decreases for Fe-, Co-, Ni-, and Cu-doped BeONTs successively, consistent with the predicted trend of Hund’s rule to maximize the magnetic moments of the doped TM ions. However, the values of the magnetic moments are smaller than the predicted values of Hund’s rule due to the strong hybridization between the 2p orbitals of the near O and Be ions of BeONTs and the 3d orbitals of the TM ions. Furthermore, the V-, Co-, and Ni-doped(5,5) and(8,0) BeONTs with half-metal ferromagnetism and thus 100% spin polarization character are good candidates for spintronic applications.  相似文献
4.
张敏  史俊杰 《中国物理 B》2014,23(1):17301-017301
The electronic structure and magnetic properties of the transition-metal(TM) atoms(Sc–Zn, Pt and Au) doped zigzag GaN single-walled nanotubes(NTs) are investigated using first-principles spin-polarized density functional calculations. Our results show that the bindings of all TM atoms are stable with the binding energy in the range of 6–16 eV. The Sc- and V-doped GaN NTs exhibit a nonmagnetic behavior. The GaN NTs doped with Ti, Mn, Ni, Cu and Pt are antiferromagnetic. On the contrary, the Cr-, Fe-, Co-, Zn- and Au-doped GaN NTs show the ferromagnetic characteristics. The Mn- and Codoped GaN NTs induce the largest local moment of 4μB among these TM atoms. The local magnetic moment is dominated by the contribution from the substitutional TM atom and the N atoms bonded with it.  相似文献
5.
采用密度泛函理论(DFT)计算研究铁原子与NO反应的相关微观反应机理。全参数优化了四重态和六重态反应势能面上各驻点的几何结构,用频率分析方法和内禀反应坐标(IRC)方法对过渡态进行了验证,得到了该反应的反应势能面曲线,并讨论了势能面的交叉情况。结果表明,该反应为典型的两态反应,反应通道一中出现了一个势能交叉点,反应通道二中出现了两个势能交叉点,反应通道三中出现了三个势能交叉点。势能面上的交叉点能够有效降低反应的活化能,增加反应放热,这在动力学和热力学上都是有利的。  相似文献
6.
We have performed first-principles calculations on the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of seven different 3d transition-metal (TM) impurity (V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Cu) doped armchair (5,0) and zigzag (8,0) gallium nitride nanotubes (GaNNTs). The results show that there is distortion around 3d TM impurities with respect to the pristine GaNNTs for 3d TM-doped (5,5) and (8,0) GaNNTs. The change of total magnetic moment follows Hund’s rule for 3d TM-doped (5,5) and (8,0) GaNNTs, respectively. The total density of states (DOS) indicates that Cr-, Mn-, Fe- and Ni-doped (5,5) GaNNTs as well as Cr-, Mn-, Ni- and Cu-doped (8,0) GaNNTs are all half-metals with 100% spin polarization. The study suggests that such TM-doped nanotubes may be useful in spintronics and nanomagnets.  相似文献
7.
The origins of magnetism in transition-metal doped Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 system are investigated by ab initio calculations. The calculated results indicate that a transition-metal atom substitution for a Ti atom produces magnetic moments, which are due to the spin-polarization of transition-metal 3d electrons. The characteristics of exchange coupling are also calculated, which shows that in Cr-/Mn-/Fe-/Co-doped Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 system, the antiferromagnetic coupling is favorable. The results can successfully explain the experimental phenomenon that, in Mn-/Fe-doped Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 system, the ferromagnetism disappears at low temperature and the paramagnetic component becomes stronger with the increase of doping concentration of Mn/Fe/Co ions. Unexpectedly, we find the Na0.5Bi0.5Ti0.67V0.33iO3 system with ferromagnetic coupling is favorable and produces a magnetic moment of 2.00 μB, which indicates that low temperature ferromagnetism materials could be made by introducing V atoms in Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3. This may be a new way to produce low temperature multiferroic materials.  相似文献
8.
用从头计算方法研究了在Bi2Te3体系采用过渡金属掺杂从而诱导出磁性的可能性.用一个过渡金属原子置换一个Bi原子之后,可以在该体系中产生磁矩,这主要是由于过渡金属原子的3d轨道电子的自旋极化导致的.当一个Ti、V、Cr、Mn和Fe原子分别替代一个Bi原子时,体系显示的磁矩分别为0.92、1.97、2.97、4.04和4.98 μB.当引入两个过渡金属原子代替两个Bi原子的时候,交换耦合的特性取决于取代Bi原子的分布;代替的Bi原子的位置在Bi1和Bi5的位置时,这两个过渡金属原子之间的距离为11.52 ?, Bi1.84TM0.16Te3体系能量最稳定并且表现出铁磁性耦合.  相似文献
9.
The forming ability of quasicrystal phase has a relationship with the atomic bond factors based on differences in atom size and electron factors.Usually,those factors or their combination are used to describe the forming ability,stability of alloys,etc.In this paper,the quasicrystal alloy forming abilities for the fifth and sixth transition metals(Y,Zr,Nb,Mo,Ru,Rh,Pd and La,Hf,Ta,W,Re,Os,Ir,Pt) based alloys have been studied by the size factor and the atomic parametric function.It has been found that an ell...  相似文献
10.
By performing the first-principles calculations, we investigated the sensitivity and selectivity of transitional metal (TM, TMSc, Ti, V, Cr and Mn) atoms doped graphene toward NO molecule. We firstly calculated the atomic structures, electronic structures and magnetic properties of TM-doped graphene, then studied the adsorptions of NO, N2 and O2 molecules on the TM-doped graphene. By comparing the change of electrical conductivity and magnetic moments after the adsorption of these molecules, we found that the Sc-, Ti- and Mn-doped graphene are the potential candidates in the applications of gas sensor for detection NO molecule.  相似文献
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