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We present a formalism where the topological configurations of pure Yang-Mills theory are characterised using gauge fields alone. Here, we obtain an expression for the charges of these topologicalSO(3) gauge field configurations in terms of the Abelian vector potentials. In this formalism we analyse the ’t Hooft-Polyakov monopole solution.  相似文献
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The relation between thermodynamic phase transitions in classical systems and topological changes in their configuration space is discussed for two physical models and contains the first exact analytic computation of a topologic invariant (the Euler characteristic) of certain submanifolds in the configuration space of two physical models. The models are the mean-field XY model and the one-dimensional XY model with nearest-neighbor interactions. The former model undergoes a second-order phase transition at a finite critical temperature while the latter has no phase transitions. The computation of this topologic invariant is performed within the framework of Morse theory. In both models topology changes in configuration space are present as the potential energy is varied; however, in the mean-field model there is a particularly strong topology change, corresponding to a big jump in the Euler characteristic, connected with the phase transition, which is absent in the one-dimensional model with no phase transition. The comparison between the two models has two major consequences: (i) it lends new and strong support to a recently proposed topological approach to the study of phase transitions; (ii) it allows us to conjecture which particular topology changes could entail a phase transition in general. We also discuss a simplified illustrative model of the topology changes connected to phase transitions using of two-dimensional surfaces, and a possible direct connection between topological invariants and thermodynamic quantities.  相似文献
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利用Hindmarsh-Rose神经元模型研究了真实的生物细胞连接构型对耦合神经元系统响应能力的影响. 外界刺激信号通过细胞耦合从受刺激的神经元传递到其他神经元,合适的生物构型可以提高系统对刺激信号的响应能力和敏感度;同时,生物构型还会影响神经元系统的同步能力以及选择效应. 模拟的结果可以帮助我们理解面对不同外界刺激,生物体会协调自身结构,选择最佳的构型予以响应.  相似文献
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盛利元  张刚 《物理学报》2010,59(9):5972-5978
提供一个关于截断误差使简单系统复杂化的直接实验证据,以此证明存在混沌抗退化机理.分别构造了一个一维圆弧迭代系统和一个一维抛物线迭代系统,两者均有一个非双曲不动点,其迭代序列被证明是简单极限序列,数字计算实验显示这两个迭代系统都存在可以越过不动点的序列.采用计算"元胞"分析方法清晰地展示了截断误差导致非双曲不动点邻域拓扑变异:形成第I类阵发混沌通道,或产生纹波分岔.  相似文献
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In this paper,by the help of evolutionary algorithm and using Hindmarsh–Rose(HR)neuron model,we investigate the efect of topology structures on synchronization transition between diferent states in coupled neuron cells system.First,we build diferent coupling structure with N cells,and found the efect of synchronized transition contact not only closely with the topology of the system,but also with whether there exist the ring structures in the system.In particular,both the size and the number of rings have greater efects on such transition behavior.Secondly,we introduce synchronization error to qualitative analyze the efect of the topology structure.Furthermore,by fitting the simulation results,we find that with the increment of the neurons number,there always exist the optimization structures which have the minimum number of connecting edges in the coupling systems.Above results show that the topology structures have a very crucial role on synchronization transition in coupled neuron system.Biological system may gradually acquire such efcient topology structures through the long-term evolution,thus the systems’information process may be optimized by this scheme.  相似文献
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