首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   28篇
  完全免费   26篇
  物理学   54篇
  2018年   4篇
  2017年   1篇
  2016年   3篇
  2015年   4篇
  2014年   8篇
  2013年   9篇
  2012年   6篇
  2011年   8篇
  2010年   5篇
  2009年   1篇
  2008年   1篇
  2005年   1篇
  2003年   1篇
  2002年   1篇
  1998年   1篇
排序方式: 共有54条查询结果,搜索用时 31 毫秒
1.
团簇LaO的理论研究   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
采用密度泛函理论研究LaO团簇体系。中性分子LaO的基态是两重态(2Σ),阴离子LaO-和阳离子LaO 的基态都是单重态(1Σ)。使用不同的方法计算团簇LaO的电子亲和能和电离能。计算结果表明用BLYP方法和弥散极化基组计算结果和实验数据吻合较好。用含时密度泛函理论计算团簇LaO的低能激发态,从理论上归属LaO-的光电子能谱的谱峰和LaO的吸收光谱的谱峰。计算得到与实验一致的结果。  相似文献
2.
氮掺杂石墨烯纳米结构的等离激元激发(英文)   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
尹海峰  陈广萍  向功周  张红 《发光学报》2014,(11):1297-1305
基于含时密度泛函理论,研究了氮掺杂石墨烯纳米结构的等离激元特性。吡啶型氮掺杂不影响石墨烯纳米结构的等离激元激发特性,而取代型氮掺杂主要基于石墨烯纳米结构对称性的改变和体系中电子密度的增加来影响石墨烯纳米结构的等离激元共振。相对于纯六角石墨烯纳米结构,在低能共振区,取代型氮掺杂六角石墨烯纳米结构的等离激元共振能量发生了红移。相对于纯矩形石墨烯纳米结构,在低能共振区,取代型氮掺杂矩形石墨烯纳米结构沿扶手椅型边界方向激发时,其等离激元共振能量发生了蓝移;沿Z字型边界激发时,其主要的等离激元共振模式受掺杂氮的影响较小。  相似文献
3.
三角形钠原子团簇中的表面等离激元   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
运用含时密度泛函理论研究等边三角形钠原子团簇中的表面等离激元激发.发现:在团簇尺寸较大时,沿三角形底边和底边中垂线方向激发的共振模式不同,然而沿两方向的吸收光谱线形一样,主要吸收峰的共振能量也相同.低能聚集共振在空间引起电场增强的极大值主要分布在三角形的端点附近.  相似文献
4.
Recent progress in the formulation of a fully dynamical local approximation to time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) appeals to the longitudinal and transverse components of the long-wavelength exchange and correlation kernel in the homogeneous electron gas, . We extend to the two-dimensional longitudinal and transverse case our work on the 3D [J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9 (1997) 475], which accounts for two-pair excitations through an approximate decoupling of the equation of motion for the current–current response function. We present numerical results and compare with asymptotic behaviours and previous approximations.  相似文献
5.
Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) and single-excitation configuration interaction (CIS) calculations on the electronic excitations in pyrrole have been performed to examine the reliability of these first-principles electronic structure methods in predicting electronic excitation spectraof pyrrole-containing compounds. Both the TD-DFT and CIS calculations led to satisfactory results when compared to available experimental data, particularly for low-lying excited states. The TD-DFT and CIS calculations provide lower and upper limits of the excitation energies, respectively, for low-lying singlet excited states. These results suggest that these methods can be used for the prediction of the excitation spectra, particularly the excitation energies for low-lying excited states, of chromophores responsible for the chromogenic effects of neurotoxic hydrocarbons, which are believed to be substituted pyrroles and their adducts with proteins. As an example of a practical application, the spectrum of the widely used 2,5-dimethylpyrrole has been calculated. It is shown that the 2,5-dimethylpyrrole molecule does not have an absorption in the region of the visible spectrum (400-700 nm), suggesting that the absorption observed at 530 nm and the color of 2,5-dimethylpyrrole is due to another species, probably a product of possible 2,5-dimethylpyrrole autoxidation. This suggests that the conclusions from previously reported experimental studies of biochemical reactions of neurotoxic γ-diketones need to be reexamined in terms of the relationship of chromogenicity to neurotoxicity.  相似文献
6.
7.
In order to observe the high-field effect, the external laser field must reach its peak intensity before the electron ionization. To this end, it is important to reduce pulse duration to typical attosecond timescale. In this paper, the interaction electron dynamics between attosecond pulses and dielectric is investigated within the time-dependent density functional theory. Taking the CaF2 crystal as an example, we give a comparison of electron dynamics response between single and double pulses. Moreover, the nonlinear energy absorption and electron excitation processes are simulated by adjusting the polarization direction of the sub-pulse. Present results demonstrate that the double pulses show lower electron excitation and energy absorption than the single pulse, which is in accordance with experimental higher ablation threshold and smaller heat-affected zones of the double pulses. In addition, the curves of final excited electron number and energy absorption exhibit the quasi-symmetry about the axis of 180°, which has not been reported yet.  相似文献
8.
By using first-principles simulations based on time-dependent density functional theory,the chemical reaction of an HCl molecule encapsulated in C60induced by femtosecond laser pulses is observed.The H atom starts to leave the Cl atom and is reflected by the C60wall.The coherent nuclear dynamic behaviors of bond breakage and recombination of the HCl molecule occurring in both polarized parallel and perpendicular to the H–Cl bond axis are investigated.The radial oscillation is also found in the two polarization directions of the laser pulse.The relaxation time of the H–Cl bond lengths in transverse polarization is slow in comparison with that in longitudinal polarization.Those results are important for studying the dynamics of the chemical bond at an atomic level.  相似文献
9.
We have developed a theoretical model of ion-atom collisions where we described electron dynamics by the time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) and the ion dynamics by classical mechanics through the Ehrenfest method. We have compared three methods to calculate the probability of electron transfer during H+ + Ne collision. By discussing these issues we shall be able to understand how these methods work, what their limitations are and whether they admit of any improvements.  相似文献
10.
A real-time and real-space time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) is applied to simulate the nonlinear electron–photon interactions during femtosecond laser processing of diamond when tunnel ionization dominates. The transient localized electron dynamics including the electron excitation, energy absorption and electron density evolution are described in this Letter. In addition, the relationships among average absorbed energy, Keldysh parameter and laser intensity are revealed when the laser frequency is fixed.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号