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超声检测中的结构噪声   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
结构噪声是超声脉冲在介质结构上激发产生的一种特殊噪声,它严重妨碍超声检测,是超声检测的基本限制因素之一;但也可被利用进行某些检测。本文综述了有关结构噪声的基本研究,抑制或降低结构噪声的方法,以及在结构噪声背景下进行超声检测和利用结构噪声进行超声检测的有关工作。  相似文献
2.
水平连铸圆钢超声检测结果的信号处理   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
左建国 《应用声学》1998,17(4):22-26
水平连铸圆钢为多晶种的不均匀粗晶材料,当采用超声波对其进行检测时,将产生较强的组织散射噪声,从而使得对缺陷回波的判断与评价无法进行本文采用分离频谱的方法对原始检测信号进行处理,再用截止地对缺陷回波进行恢复运算。实验结果本文所采用的方法能较为有效地消除原始检测信号中的组织噪声,从而提高超声检测的信噪比。  相似文献
3.
The time-dependent generalized Ginzburg-Landau equation is an equation that is related to many physical systems. Solutions of this equation in the presence of low-level external noise are studied. Numerical solutions of this equation in thestationary frame of reference and with anonzero group velocity that is greater than a critical velocity exhibit a selective spatial amplification of noise resulting in spatially growing waves. These waves in turn result in the formation of a dynamic structure. It is found that themicroscopic noise plays an important role in themacroscopic dynamics of the system. For certain parameter values the system exhibits intermittent turbulent behavior in which the random nature of the external noise plays a crucial role. A mechanism which may be responsible for the intermittent turbulence occurring in some fluid systems is suggested.  相似文献
4.
Ultrasonic non-destructive testing of polycrystalline structures can be disturbed by scattering at grain boundaries. Understanding and modeling this so-called “structural noise” is crucial for characterization as well as detection purposes. Structural noise can be considered as a fingerprint of the material under investigation, since it contains information about its microstructure. The interpretation of experimental data necessitates an accurate comprehension of complex phenomena that occur in multiple scattering media and thus robust scattering models. In particular, numerical models can offer the opportunity to realize parametrical studies on controlled microstructures. However, the ability of the model to simulate wave propagation in complex media must be validated. In that perspective, the main objective of the present work is to evaluate the ability of the finite-element code ATHENA 2D to reproduce typical features of multiple wave scattering in the context of ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation, with an array of sources and receivers. Experiments were carried out with a 64-element array, around 2 MHz. The sample was a mock-up of Inconel600® exhibiting a coarse grain structure with a known grain size distribution. The numerical model of this microstructure is based on Voronoi diagrams. Two physical parameters were used to compare numerical and experimental data: the coherent backscattering peak, and the singular value distribution of the array response matrix. Though the simulations are 2-D, a good agreement was found between simulated and experimental data.  相似文献
5.
Zhiqiang Xu  A. Plastino 《Physica A》2010,389(10):2030-2035
The problem of structured noise suppression is addressed by (i) modelling the subspaces hosting the components of the signal conveying the information and (ii) applying a nonlinear non-extensive technique for effecting the right separation. Although the approach is applicable to all situations satisfying the hypothesis of the proposed framework, this work is motivated by a particular scenario, namely, the cancellation of low frequency noise in broadband seismic signals.  相似文献
6.
With the aim to propose a reasonable and effective countermeasure for the elevated structure noise, the sound field radiated by a steel plate girder, which is the main source of the elevated structure noise, have been theoretically analysed. In the present study, steel plate girders are modelled as infinitely long elastic plate strips placed in parallel and numerical examples on the sound field radiated by the steel plate girders are shown. In the analysis of the radiated sound field, the equivalent source method is employed. Effect of the surface absorption on the sound field radiated by the girders is discussed through numerical examples. The results show that the surface absorption is effective for reduction of the radiated sound field, especially in the area that increase of sound pressure due to reflection by adjacent plate girders is observed. Furthermore, to design for reasonable countermeasure, variation of the noise reduction effect due to changing the pattern of surface absorption area on plate girders is classified.  相似文献
7.
胡新奇  俞信  赵达尊 《光学学报》2007,27(8):1414-1418
以空间频谱描述图像结构,以图像灰度起伏的方均根值与噪声方均根值之比表示信噪比,系统分析了目标图像结构和噪声对相关哈特曼-夏克波前传感精度的影响。理论分析表明,两个子图像的相关函数峰值位置的亚像元插值误差等于其各离散频率成分的相关函数峰值位置插值误差的加权平均;相同功率下,低频成分的加权系数较小,高频成分的加权系数与亚像元偏移量有关。一维窄带图像的统计仿真表明,无噪声时,低频成分和接近奈奎斯特频率成分的误差较大,中频成分的误差较小;有噪声时,噪声对高频成分的影响低于低频成分。对典型频谱的32×32图像仿真表明,图像起伏信噪比为2∶1时,子图像平移量计算误差约0.03~0.11像元,与无噪声时相比增加不大。  相似文献
8.
为探讨混凝土箱梁噪声的时变特性,以京沪高铁32 m混凝土简支箱梁为原型,制作了1:10的缩尺模型,通过模态试验的方法验证箱梁模型与原型的相似关系,通过声学试验验证箱梁声学计算模型的正确性。然后,建立了箱梁缩尺模型与原型两种计算模型,利用有限元和边界元法求出两种模型的瞬态结构噪声。研究发现,箱梁缩尺模型与箱梁原型的材料参数满足一定关系,模型试验的方法能够验证箱梁模型与箱梁原型之间符合相似关系,箱梁模型的振动噪声测试结果能真实反映原型振动噪声水平。两种模型的结构噪声在时域内声压级及对应场点的声压存在一定相似关系。该研究可为箱梁缩尺模型结构噪声反演至箱梁原型提供依据,所采用的方法和得到的结果对桥梁结构振动与声辐射实验研究具有参考作用。  相似文献
9.
轨道交通箱型梁在列车荷载作用下产生的低频振动与噪声对人体健康危害很大,针对箱型梁的减振降噪研究具有重要意义。将有限元振动分析理论与声辐射分析边界元法相结合,计算列车荷载作用下箱型梁的结构噪声,并对比分析不同的腔室结构对箱型梁结构噪声辐射的影响。计算结果表明:箱型梁场点结构噪声的辐射受振动水平影响较大;对于不同的腔室结构的箱型梁,跨中场点的最大线性声压级从大到小依次为单箱单室、单箱双室、单箱三室、双箱单室箱型梁;箱型梁采用双箱单室结构形式最有利于结构噪声的控制,且随辐射距离的增加,噪声辐射衰减越快;降低翼缘和腹板振动水平能够有效降低箱型梁结构噪声。分析结果可为城市轨道交通箱型梁的结构减振降噪设计提供一定的理论参考。  相似文献
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