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1.
开设核磁共振实验的探讨   总被引:8,自引:2,他引:6  
岳慧  周辉  魏德祥  王鑫 《物理实验》2001,21(1):6-10,13
针对目前高校理科物理专业近代物理实验中核磁共振实验开放现状的不足之处,提出了在核磁共振基本实验中增加脉冲核磁共振实验内容的设想,并在分析了该设想可行性的基础上设计了实验方案。  相似文献
2.
自旋回波的简易观测方法及共振弛豫分析   总被引:7,自引:2,他引:5  
李潮锐 《物理实验》2006,26(4):3-5,8
在脉冲核磁共振实验中,通常采用自旋回波法测量共振弛豫时间,但模拟示波器观测难以获得准确的实验数据.通过对计算机标准配置资源声卡的性能检测及标定,使其达到物理实验测量数据定量分析的教学要求,同时利用免费的简易程序实现多通道数字信号采集功能并用于观测记录脉冲核磁共振信号.配合实验操作技术改进,既准确地测量了横向弛豫时间,又展现了符合物理实验教学的计算机应用方法.  相似文献
3.
激光辐照下皮肤组织光热响应有限元分析   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
为了更好地选择临床激光医疗曝光参量,采用有限元数值计算方法,模拟了脉冲激光与连续激光对人皮肤组织的光热作用及导致的温度变化效应,比较了两者的不同,得到了热响应时间及热弛豫时间与组织深度的关系,即组织越深(0~60 μm),其热响应时间(0~4 ms)与热弛豫时间(0.4~12.1 ms)越长;分析了激光脉宽长短对组织升温的影响;建立了评价脉冲间热损失的评价函数δ,并以此对脉冲间隔的选取作了探讨.  相似文献
4.
We present the results of quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in 55 consecutively referred patients with clinical evidence of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The Cavalieri method was used in combination with point counting to provide unbiased estimates of the volume of the left and right hippocampus, amygdala, temporal lobe, lateral ventricles and cerebral hemisphere, and pixel by pixel maps of the T2 relaxation time were computed for both central and anterior sections of the hippocampus. The 99th centiles of hippocampal volume, hippocampal volume asymmetry and T2 relaxation times in 20 control subjects provided limits which identified the presence of MTS. The results of the quantitative MRI were compared with the results of conventional diagnostic MRI, foramen ovale (FO) recording and the WADA test. Thirty-one patients were found to have unilateral MTS (17 left and 14 right) and 7 bilateral MTS. No evidence of MTS was detected in 16 patients. Of the 31 patients diagnosed with unilateral MTS on the basis of hippocampal volume and T2 measurement, 74% and 77% would respectively have received the same diagnosis on the basis of hippocampal volume and T2 measurements alone. In comparison to FO recording, quantitative MRI has a sensitivity of 55% and a specificity of 86%, while conventional diagnostic MRI has a sensitivity of 42% and a specificity of 80% for detection of MTS. Unilateral abnormalities were detected by FO recording in 30% cent of patients who appeared normal on quantitative MRI. WADA test results were available for 40 patients. The findings were consistent with quantitative MRI showing reduced memory function ipsilateral to unilateral MTS in 18 patients, but reduced memory function contralateral to unilateral MTS in two patients, and reduced memory function without MR abnormality in seven patients. WADA testing revealed unilateral memory impairments where MRI found bilateral pathology in 4 patients and in 4 patients in whom quantitative MRI detected unilateral MTS there was no evidence of reduced memory during WADA testing of the corresponding cerebral hemisphere. In the patients with unilateral right MTS a highly significant negative correlation (p = 0.0003) was observed between age of onset and the volume of the contralateral temporal lobe.

Quantitative MR imaging of the hippocampus (i.e. volume and T2 measurement) is preferable to conventional radiological reporting for providing objective evidence of the presence of MTS on which to base the referral of patients for surgery, and since it has associated morbidity FO recording is now only being used in selected patients. Furthermore, stereology provides a convenient method for estimating the volume of other brain structures, which is relevant to obtaining a better understanding of the effects of laterality and age of onset of TLE.  相似文献

5.
A one-dimensional NMR method is presented for measuring the transverse relaxation time, T2,n, of intermolecular multiple quantum coherences (IMQCs) of coherence order n in highly polarized spin systems. The pulse sequence proposed in this paper effectively suppresses the effects of radiation damping, molecular diffusion, inhomogeneity of magnetic field, and variations of dipolar correlation distance, all of which may affect quantitation of T2,n. This pulse sequence can be used to measure not only IMQC transverse relaxation time T2,n(n>1) quickly and directly, but also the conventional transverse relaxation time. Experimental results demonstrate that the quantitative relationship between T2,n(n≥1) and T2 is T2,n≈T2/n. These results will be helpful for understanding the fundamental properties and mechanisms of IMQCs.  相似文献
6.
Proton T2 relaxation times were measured in 13 stroke patients and 13 aged-matched normal subjects at 2.1 T. Spectra were acquired from an 8-cc volume using the STEAM sequence with echo times (TE) of 30.4 ms and 270.0 ms and repetition time of 2.8 s. Transverse relaxation times were estimated using two-point calculations. Percentage volume of infarct in the STEAM voxel was measured on spin-echo MRI encompassing the infarct and correlated with the peak amplitude of N-acetylated compounds (NA). T2 values of NA, creatine, and choline resonances showed no significant difference between patients and controls. T2 for lactate in patients was 780 ± 257 ms, respectively (mean ± SE, n = 7). In stroke patients, high inverse correlation was found between the absolute NA signal and partial volume of normal brain contributing to each spectrum (p < .001, r = 0.97). Together with unchanged T2, this suggests that NAA largely disappears from infarcted tissue within 24 hr postinfarct.  相似文献
7.
核磁共振弛豫方法测定砂岩有效渗透率   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
在对储油岩芯液体吸附特性研究的基础上,提出了用核磁共振弛豫方法测定岩芯“有效渗透率”的方法,并对实际样品进行了测定分析,获得了较满意的结果。此方法测定的有效渗透率较传统方法测定的渗透率更接近于实际的储油岩层的渗透率。有效渗透率的值可以用来进行油藏注水开发效果分析,研究油层剩余分布,相信此方法将获得更广泛的应用。  相似文献
8.
模拟扩散系数的分子动力学方法   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
在分析当前应用的各类分子动力学方法的基础上提出一个2参数(即温度松弛时间和压力松弛时间)模型,采用正交实验确定了最优的模型参数,压力与温度松弛时间的最优值均为2fs.在最优条件下跟踪系统的体积变化,最大波动在10%之内.将该模型应用于不同温度下氩及超临界二氧化碳自扩散系数模拟,并用动力学理论对自扩散系数与温度、压力的关系进行了定性分析,结果与实验值吻合.说明新模型具有稳定而准确的特点.  相似文献
9.
储油岩芯二相液体吸附特性的NMR研究及应用   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
为研究储油岩芯对液体的吸附机理,我们特地用同一岩芯制成以下几种样品:(1)吸附不同量的煤油;(2)吸附不同量的水;(3)先吸附一定量的水再吸附一定量的煤油,对以上三组样品,做了NMR自旋一晶格弛豫时间测定;考查了岩芯样品中各弛豫成分量与液体吸附量的变化规律;得出了岩芯内水和煤油受束缚越紧其弛豫时间越短的结论,并依据大量石油地质学的结论建立了砂岩也隙中油水二相系统的核磁共振模型。  相似文献
10.
弛豫时间测量的数据拟合   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
介绍了计算弛豫时间的数据拟合原理、拟合误差估计及拟合优度的统计度量,在此基础上,用NDP-FORTRAN386语言自编了拟合程序SIMFIT,该程序能提供不同的拟合方法和多种拟合函数供使用,并能显示拟合曲线和拟合误差,特别适用多指数弛豫的数据拟合。  相似文献
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