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1.
超声波强化一次污泥沉降与脱水性能的研究   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13       下载免费PDF全文
杨金美  张光明  王伟 《应用声学》2006,25(4):206-211
本文就超声波处理对一次污泥强化沉降与脱水性能进行了研究。对污泥性质中的SV、滤饼含水率、比阻、粘度等进行了分析。分析表明短时间的超声作用可以提高污泥脱水和沉降性能,超声处理7s后滤饼含水率降低2.9%;超声10s时粘度和比阻值最小,比原污泥分别减小29.4%和24.2%;15s后污泥沉降速率是原污泥的3.7倍。如投加絮凝剂,投加量为0.054g/L时污泥沉降速率最快,最终污泥体积为84.5%,粘度值最低,为84.5mpa·s。加入超声10s作用后,最佳絮凝剂投加量为0.027g/L,且最终污泥体积比单独投加0.054g/L时减小4%,粘度值降低14.8%。超声波与絮凝剂的联用可以改善污泥脱水性能和沉降性能,减小絮凝剂的量达一半以上。  相似文献
2.
正十二烷基硫酸钠在聚丙烯酰胺溶液中聚集的1H NMR研究   总被引:6,自引:3,他引:3  
利用核磁共振自旋—晶格弛豫时间(T1)、自旋—自旋弛豫时间(T2)、自扩散系数(D)以及二维核Overhause增强谱(2D NOESY)技术研究了表面活性剂正十二烷基硫酸钠(SDS)在聚丙烯酰胺(PAM)浓度固定为10g/L水溶液中的聚集,结合与SDS水溶液体系核磁共振实验数据比较,得到了如下信息:(1)当溶液中有PAM存在时,SDS分子的运动性下降,临界聚集浓度提前;(2)随着SDS浓度的增加,PAM分子的自扩散性能下降,同时分子链的柔软性也下降了;(3)2D NOESY谱结果表明,PAM与SDS分子间未发生直接的缔合作用。  相似文献
3.
1H NMR谱和二维核Overhuser效应谱(2D NOESY)研究结果表明新型疏水缔合丙烯酰胺/2-苯氧乙基丙烯酸酯无规共聚物(PAM/POEA)在水溶液中的自聚集主要发生在酚基间以及酚基与主链的相互作用上,在PAM/POEA自聚集体中酚基主要位于丙烯酰胺主链骨架附近.  相似文献
4.
B Ojha  P Nayak  S N Behera 《Pramana》2000,54(2):305-315
The electron-phonon interaction in the periodic Anderson model (PAM) is considered. The PAM incorporates the effect of onsite Coulomb interaction (U) between f-electrons. The influence of Coulomb correlation U on the phonon response of the system is studied by evaluating the phonon spectral function for various parameters of the model. The numerical evaluation of the spectral function is carried out in the long wavelength limit at finite temperatures keeping only linear terms in U. The observed behaviour is found to agree well with the general features obtained experimentally for some heavy fermion (HF) systems.  相似文献
5.
We propose a novel technique to measure the concentration of sucrose in PAm-hydrogel sucrose solution using two dimensional photonic crystal structures consists of air holes. PAm-hydrogel is an organic hydrogels, which is used as biomedical applications. The principle of measurement is based on the linear variation of photonic band gap with the change of dielectric constant of the solution infiltrated in air holes of photonic crystal structure. Plane wave expansion method is used to find the band gap and linear variation (R2 = 0.9949) of photonic band gap with respect to sucrose concentration is observed. Besides this, an excellent linear variation (R2 = 0.9949) of transmitted intensity of light with respect to sucrose concentration is also seen. Since the simulation is based on optical principle, it gives accurate results. This suggests the possible use of 2-D photonic crystal structure as a sucrose sensor. Experimental procedure for measuring the concentration of sucrose is also mentioned.  相似文献
6.
根据微波叠加原理、阻抗匹配和相位补偿理论计算出3dB功率分配器的理论数据,再利用高频电磁场仿真软件进行电磁仿真和参数优化。实物测量结果:输入端口的反射损耗RL--31.12dB;隔离度Iso--34.35dB;输出端口功分性能为-3.09dB,-3.07dB;相位差1.8°;输入驻波比VSWR=1.070,与理论数据基本符合。  相似文献
7.
为调控固化过程中双重乳液内径的变化和降低聚-α-甲基苯乙烯(PAMS)微球的表面粗糙度,研究了双重乳液固化过程中内外水相中电解质浓度对水在油相液膜中迁移和分相行为的影响。结果表明:仅在外水相中添加电解质时,内水相的渗透压高于外水相,使得内相水向外水相迁移,导致固化后的微球表面起皱。当在内外水相同时添加电解质时,由于平衡了三相之间水的化学势,抑制了水在油相液膜中的迁移和分相,导致PAMS微球壳壁内气泡体积和数量显著降低。同时,在内外水相中同时添加不同浓度的电解质,还可显著改善双重乳液三相之间的密度匹配度,从而提高微球的球形度和壁厚均匀性。  相似文献
8.
An optical receiver having a high linearity is used for multilevel communication over standard step plastic optical fiber. A large-diameter photodiode with an antireflection coating optimized for red light was integrated. These features enable the used optical receiver to be a promising plastic optical fiber receiver. An error free (< 10−8) 170 Mb/s data rate over 115 m standard PMMA step-index plastic optical fiber is achieved with four-level and eight-level pulse amplitude modulation.  相似文献
9.
A simple passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) setup was used to localize and track beluga whales underwater in three dimensions (3D) in a fjord. In June 2009, beluga clicks were recorded from a cabled hydrophone array in a regularly frequented habitat in Eastern Canada. Beluga click energy was concentrated in the 30-50 kHz frequency band. The click trains detected on several hydrophones were localized from their time difference of arrivals. Cluster analysis linked localizations into tracks based on criteria of spatial and temporal proximity. At close ranges from the array, the localized click-train series allowed three-dimensional tracking of a beluga during its dive. Clicks within a train spanned a large range of durations, inter-click intervals, source levels and bandwidths. Buzzes sometimes terminated the trains. Repeated click packets were frequent. All click characteristics are consistent with oblique observations from the beam axis, and ordered variation of the source pattern during a train, likely resulting from a scan of angles from the beam axis, was observed before click trains indicated focusing of the echolocation clicks in one direction. The click-train series is interpreted as echolocation chasing for preys during a foraging dive. Results show that a simple PAM system can be configured to passively and effectively 3D track wild belugas and small odontocetes in their regularly frequented habitat.  相似文献
10.
Passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) of marine mammal vocalizations has been efficiently used in a wide set of applications ranging from marine wildlife surveys to risk mitigation of military sonar emissions. The primary use of PAM is for detecting bioemissions, a good proportion of which are impulse sounds or clicks. A click detection algorithm based on kurtosis estimation is proposed as a general automatic click detector. The detector works under the assumption that click trains are embedded in stochastic but Gaussian noise. Under this assumption, kurtosis is used as a statistical test for detection. The algorithm explores acoustic sequences with the optimal frequency bandwidth for focusing on impulse sounds. The detector is successfully applied to field observations, and operates under weak signal to noise ratios and in presence of stochastic background noise. The algorithm adapts to varying click center frequency. Kurtosis appears as a promising approach to detect click trains, alone or in combination with other clicks detector, and to isolate individual clicks.  相似文献
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