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1.
汉语耳语音孤立字识别研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
杨莉莉  林玮  徐柏龄 《应用声学》2006,25(3):187-192
耳语音识别有着广泛的应用前景,是一个全新的课题.但是由于耳语音本身的特点,如声级低、没有基频等,给耳语音识别研究带来了困难.本文根据耳语音信号发音模型,结合耳语音的声学特性,建立了一个汉语耳语音孤立字识别系统.由于耳语音信噪比低,必须对其进行语音增强处理,同时在识别系统中应用声调信息提高了识别性能.实验结果说明了MFCC结合幅值包络可作为汉语耳语音自动识别的特征参数,在小字库内用HMM模型识别得出的识别率为90.4%.  相似文献
2.
低信噪比下的语音增强处理   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
李国锋 《应用声学》1995,14(5):13-16
本文介绍了一种基于功率谱减的方法来增强带有白噪声的语音信号。过量功率谱减是语音增强的一个有效的方法,其处理后产生的纯音噪声采用中心限幅的方法可以很好地得到抑制。  相似文献
3.
一种快速稀疏分解图像去噪新方法   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
提出了一种基于分层树型结构正交匹配追踪算法的快速图像去噪方法.通过选择高斯函数和墨西哥草帽小波母函数构建混合冗余字典,采用分层树状结构表示字典,结合构正交匹配追踪算法,实现图像稀疏表示,提高了图像表示的稀疏性,降低了算法的复杂度.依据噪音能量阈值,通过多次迭代达到图像去噪的目的.实验结果表明,在相同的噪音水平下,该迭代去噪算法取得了较高的较好的PSNR,获得更好的视觉效果.  相似文献
4.
I.IntroductionKa1manfilteringisjustamethodtoestimatestatistica1lythestateoftheobservedsystemfromthecorruptedsigna1s,andthiskindofcstimationisarecurrcneeestimationbasedon1inear,nonbiasandminimumvariance.Moreover,Ka1manfilteringisapplicabletonon-sta-honarysignalsandtime-variantdynamicsystem.Therefore,Kalmanfilteringisveryapplica-bletoenhancingthespeechsigna1sthatarecorruptedbynoise.ThispaperreportStheconcretcmethodofenhanccmentofnoisyspccchanditscxperimentresults.Experimentsindicate:Afterthes…  相似文献
5.
Siren noises usually severely disturb the intelligibility of voice communication inside the cabs of police, paramedic and fire vehicles. It is often desired that such unwanted noise can be removed from the speech signal. In this paper, a new method is proposed to adaptively cancel siren noises and enhance speech signals. Based on the characteristics of siren noises, an anti-speech filter and a time delayer are employed in the single and dual channel noise cancellation systems to reduce the siren noises. Experiment results demonstrate that the effectiveness of the proposed method for canceling the siren noises and the performance of the enhanced speech signal is satisfying.  相似文献
6.
This paper presents a new method to speech enhancement based on time-frequency analysis and adaptive digital filtering. The proposed method for dual-channel speech enhancement was developed by tracking frequencies of corrupting signal by the discrete Gabor transform (DGT) and implementing multi-notch adaptive digital filter (MNADF) at those frequencies. Since no a priori knowledge of the noise source statistics is required this method differs from traditional speech enhancement methods. Specifically, the proposed method was applied to the case where speech quality and intelligibility deteriorate in the presence of background noise. Speech coders and automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems are designed to act on clean speech signals. Therefore, corrupted speech signals by the noise must be enhanced before their processing. The method uses a primary input containing the corrupted speech signal while a reference input containing the noise only. In this paper, we designed MNADF instead of single-notch adaptive digital filter and used DGT to track frequencies of corrupting signal because fast filtering process and fast measure of the time-dependent noise frequency are of great importance in speech enhancement process. Therefore, MNADF was implemented to take advantage of fast filtering process. Different types of noises from Noisex-92 database were used to degrade real speech signals. Objective measures, the study of the speech spectrograms and global signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), segmental SNR (segSNR), Itakura-Saito distance measure as well as subjective listing test demonstrated consistently superior enhancement performance of the proposed method over traditional speech enhancement method such as spectral subtraction. Combining MNADF and DGT, excellent speech enhancement was obtained.  相似文献
7.
With the rapid development of the face recognition technology, more and more optical products are applied in people's real life. The recognition accuracy can be improved by increasing the number of training samples, but the colossal training samples will result in the increase of computational complexity. In recent years, sparse representation method becomes a research hot spot on face recognition. In this paper we propose an energy constrain orthogonal matching pursuit (ECOMP) algorithm for sparse representation to select the few training samples and a hierarchical structure for face recognition. We filter the training samples with ECOMP algorithm and then we compute the weights by all selected training samples. At last we find the closest recovery sample to the test sample. Simultaneously the experimental results in AR, ORL and FERET database also show that our proposed method has better recognition performance than the LRC and SRC_OMP method.  相似文献
8.
李恒建  张家树  陈怀新 《光子学报》2014,38(11):3009-3015
提出了一种基于分层树型结构正交匹配追踪算法的快速图像去噪方法.通过选择高斯函数和墨西哥草帽小波母函数构建混合冗余字典,采用分层树状结构表示字典,结合构正交匹配追踪算法,实现图像稀疏表示,提高了图像表示的稀疏性,降低了算法的复杂度.依据噪音能量阈值,通过多次迭代达到图像去噪的目的.实验结果表明,在相同的噪音水平下,该迭代去噪算法取得了较高的较好的PSNR,获得更好的视觉效果.  相似文献
9.
吴一全  李立 《光子学报》2014,43(3):310001
针对目前图像去噪方法噪音抑制不彻底、容易模糊细节等问题,提出了一种利用核模糊C均值聚类和正则化的图像稀疏去噪方法.该方法首先将图像分成大小相同的若干块,并采用核模糊C均值聚类算法对相似的图像块进行聚类,从而保证同一类图像块共享相同的稀疏去噪模型;然后,选择由经典图像库中图像训练而得的全局字典作为初始字典,很好地适应图像的多种特征;接着,对于同一类图像块,通过施加1/2范数正则化约束,实现该类图像块在字典下的稀疏分解,确保分解系数更为稀疏;最后,通过改进的K-奇异值分解算法完成字典的更新,并选择与原稀疏模型差异最大的图像块来替换更新字典的冗余原子,从而有效地去除图像噪音.实验结果表明,与小波扩散去噪法、固定字典去噪法、最优方向去噪法、K-奇异值分解去噪法相比,该方法能更有效地去除图像噪音,保留图像细节,改善图像视觉效果.  相似文献
10.
卢佩  刘效勇  卢熙  田敏  曹海宾 《光子学报》2014,43(9):910002
针对信息加密系统中信息安全性不理想的问题,提出一种基于压缩感知的光学图像信息加密方法.在发送端,自然图像经稀疏表示、随机投影实现图像信息加密;然后将降维后的观测值通过4F双随机相位编码光学系统进行二次加密并将其融入宿主图像,实现信息加密及隐藏.在接收端,图像信息经双随机相位编码技术解码,通过正交匹配追踪算法实现原始图像信息重构.该系统能有效降低数据传输量、减小随机相位板大小.且收发方只需按照规则生成密钥而不需传输密钥,保证了密钥的安全性.仿真结果表明:解密恢复图像质量理想,峰值信噪比为30.899 1dB,且系统能较好地抵抗裁剪、噪音污染、高通滤波、旋转等攻击,鲁棒性强,安全性高.  相似文献
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