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1.
卢义刚  董彦武 《中国物理》2006,15(9):2030-2035
Based on Schaaff's collision factor theory (CFT) in liquids, the equations for nonlinear ultrasonic parameters in both organic liquid and binary organic liquid mixtures are deduced. The nonlinear ultrasonic parameters, including pressure coefficient, temperature coefficients of ultrasonic velocity, and nonlinear acoustic parameter B/A in both organic liquid and binary organic liquid mixtures, are evaluated for comparison with the measured results and data from other sources. The equations show that the coefficient of ultrasonic velocity and nonlinear acoustic parameter B/A are closely related to molecular interactions. These nonlinear ultrasonic parameters reflect some information of internal structure and outside status of the medium or mixtures. From the exponent of repulsive forces of the molecules, several thermodynamic parameters, pressure and temperature of the medium, the nonlinear ultrasonic parameters and ultrasonic nature of the medium can be evaluated. When evaluating and studying nonlinear acoustic parameter B/A of binary organic liquid mixtures, there is no need to know the nonlinear acoustic parameter B/A of the components. Obviously, the equation reveals the connection between the nonlinear ultrasonic nature and internal structure and outside status of the mixtures more directly and distinctly than traditional mixture law for B/A, e.g. Apfel's and Sehgal's laws for liquid binary mixtures.  相似文献
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Pulsed digital holographic interferometry is a widely used technique for measurement of surface deformations. The results are displayed as high-quality images containing the surface deformation represented as a continuous function with high-precision and good resolution. On the theoretical side, the high precision finite-elements method (HPFEM) can be used to compute whole deformation maps of elastic continua, with a resolution comparable to that obtained with digital holographic interferometry. To prove the latter a series of resonant modes from a flat rectangular metal plate obtained with digital holographic interferometry will be compared to the same modes obtained under the same conditions with HPFEM. A very useful measurement concept is reached by combining both methods since they can be performed in parallel and within the same working area.  相似文献
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I.IntroductionAnti-soundisalsocal1edactivenoisecontro1(ANC).Itsbasicidea,presentedintheLueg'spatentinl936l'l,isthatthenoisereductionisobtainedbyuseofthesignalpro-cessingofthepreliminarysoundsource(i.e.noisesource)toformcoherenceinfluencebe-twccnthepreliminarysoundsourceandthesecondarysoundsourcc(i.c.anti-soundsource).Therearesomeadvantagesofanti-soundsuchasactivecontro1,lcsseffectonthecharacteristicsofnoisesourccandmorereductionoflowfrequcncynoisc.Inrecentyears,therewerealotoftheoreticalande…  相似文献
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In this article we introduce the concept of multifrequency radiation force produced by a polychromatic acoustic beam propagating in a fluid. This force is a generalization of dynamic radiation force due to a bichromatic wave. We analyse the force exerted on a rigid sphere by a plane wave with N frequency components. Our approach is based on solving the related scattering problem, taking into account the nonlinearity of the fluid. The radiation force is calculated by integrating the excess of pressure in the quasilinear approximation over the surface of the sphere. Results reveal that the spectrum of the multifrequency radiation force is composed of up to N(N−1)/2 distinct frequency components. In addition, the radiation force generated by plane progressive waves is predominantly caused by parametric amplification. This is a phenomenon due to the nonlinear nature of wave propagation in fluids.  相似文献
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岩石、混凝土等非线性介观弹性固体材料显示出与经典的非线性声学不同的非经典非线性声学现象,比如滞后现象、离散记忆等。本文实验研究了超声波在岩石材料中产生的基波、二次、三次谐波随声源幅度的依赖关系,研究了岩石的超声衰减,与金属材料的进行了对比;并且将浸水后的混凝土与浸水前的混凝土的超声谐波特性进行了对比,对此实验现象作出了定性的解释。此研究有利于岩石等非线性介观弹性固体材料的无损检测的研究。  相似文献
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Delayed differential equation of motion with multiple lags is derived for an anharmonic stub resonator coupled to a monomode transmission line. Transmission and reflection coefficients are found analytically in the harmonic approximation. Nonlinear response of the system is analysed by an electric circuit obeying the same equations of motion. Enhanced second harmonic generation is found at the frequencies, which in the harmonic approximation correspond to the zeros of transmission. An aperiodic (chaotic) response is found mainly in the frequency range close to the resonance of the dangling resonator. Zeros of transmission and total transmissions are shown to be lifted by the anharmonicity nearly in the same frequency region. Higher harmonics are preferentially transmitted at the zero transmission points in the presence of anharmonicity. Received 14 March 2002 / Received in final form 25 November 2002 Published online 14 March 2003  相似文献
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We report an experimental study of the scattering of a sound wave of frequency f by a surface vibrating at frequency F. Both the Doppler shift at the vibrating surface and acoustic nonlinearities in the bulk of the fluid, generate the frequencies f±nF (n integer) in the spectrum of the scattered wave. We show that these two contributions can be separated because they scale differently with respect to the vibration frequency and to the distance between the vibrating scatterer and the detector. We determine the parameter ranges in which one or the other mechanism dominates and present quantitative studies of these two regimes. Received 2 December 2002 / Received in final form 27 March 2003 Published online 4 June 2003 RID="a" ID="a"e-mail: fauve@physique.ens.fr RID="b" ID="b"UMR 8550  相似文献
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在研究高声强下微圆孔声学非线性效应时,准定常模型的一个明显不足是采用固定不变的 vena收缩系数,因而影响了预测精度。本文联合一种准定常方法和离散涡方法,给出了 vena收缩系数随入射声强的变化曲线,并与实验结果符合得较好。将本文准定常方法与 vena收缩系数曲线相结合来预测非线性声阻,不仅预测精度高,而且十分简便,适用于高声强条件下穿孔板共振吸声结构的工程设计。  相似文献
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