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排序方式: 共有94条查询结果,搜索用时 167 毫秒
1.
噪声控制技术和设备的发展现状和展望   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12       下载免费PDF全文
本文主要介绍噪声控制工程和设备的评价技术、噪声控制技术的规范化、噪声控制技术的计算机辅助工具、声学材料和噪声设备等领域的国内外发展现状,并对我国上述领域今后的发展提出了一些建议。  相似文献
2.
噪声主动控制研究的发展与动向   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
本回顾了噪声主动控制的典型设计方法和常见的算法,结合当前较新的鲁棒控制方法,指出今后噪声主动控制的一些发展动向,为这一技术的实用性提供借鉴。  相似文献
3.
Self-induced stochastic resonance in excitable systems   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
The effect of small-amplitude noise on excitable systems with strong time-scale separation is analyzed. It is found that vanishingly small random perturbations of the fast excitatory variable may result in the onset of a deterministic limit cycle behavior, absent without noise. The mechanism, termed self-induced stochastic resonance, combines a stochastic resonance-type phenomenon with an intrinsic mechanism of reset, and no periodic drive of the system is required. Self-induced stochastic resonance is different from other types of noise-induced coherent behaviors in that it arises away from bifurcation thresholds, in a parameter regime where the zero-noise (deterministic) dynamics does not display a limit cycle nor even its precursor. The period of the limit cycle created by the noise has a non-trivial dependence on the noise amplitude and the time-scale ratio between fast excitatory variables and slow recovery variables. It is argued that self-induced stochastic resonance may offer one possible scenario of how noise can robustly control the function of biological systems.  相似文献
4.
The mechanism of active control on sound transmission through a mechanically linked double-wall structure into an acoustic cavity is investigated in this paper. Two control methods, i.e., structural control and acoustic control under two linkage cases (soft and hard) are investigated to analyze the effect of the links on the selection of control strategies and the corresponding control mechanisms. Simulations are performed to examine the dominant control mechanism (modal suppression or modal rearrangement) in different frequency ranges for each control case. The alteration in the structural-acoustic coupling is also analyzed so as to explain the mechanisms of sound attenuation. In addition, the dominance of the acoustic mode (0, 0, 0) in the energy transmission process as well as its use in designing a more effective sensor/actuator arrangement is discussed.  相似文献
5.
反馈有源噪声控制系统水床效应的分析与改善   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
本文依据反馈有源噪声控制原理分析了水床效应存在机理,以一模拟反馈有源噪声控制系统作为实例介绍了水床效应的分析方法,提出了通过展宽噪声放大频段和均匀噪声放大频段内的噪声放大量来优化反馈控制器,改善水床效应的方法。采用数字反馈控制器实现了水床效应的改善,给出了具体设计过程,并且考虑了数字时延对系统性能影响。仿真和实验表明了所提出方法的有效性。  相似文献
6.
从建筑声学到环境声学   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
孙广荣 《应用声学》2002,21(1):46-49,39
本文简述环境声学的发展过程以及在厅堂音质、环境噪声和噪声控制方面的新世纪展望。  相似文献
7.
声屏障和有源噪声控制声屏障   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
概述了声屏障降低噪声的原理和常用方法,提出了存在的不足,介绍了有源声屏障的降噪性能与发展动态,提出了进一步研究的设想。  相似文献
8.
空腔流动的大涡模拟及气动噪声控制   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
大涡模拟(LES)和三维的Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings声学比拟方法相结合,研究空腔过流的一种噪声控制措施.空腔的底板/后墙使用多孔壁板,因此流体可以穿透空腔壁面,多孔效果使用Darcy压力-速度关系模拟.声源流场由LES计算,声辐射和远声场由声学比拟获得.结果表明,这种措施有效地减弱了空腔内的压力脉动和远场声辐射,低频脉动Rossiter模数对应的波动幅值被有效抑制,声源中偶极子占优项大幅度减小,从而抑制了声辐射.  相似文献
9.
This paper investigates the issue of the acoustic feedback during online operation of active noise control (ANC) systems. In the existing approach, two FIR filters are used for this task: adaptive for feedback path modeling (FBPM) and fixed for feedback neutralization (FBN). Previously, a simplified method is proposed where these two tasks of modeling and neutralization have been combined into one feedback path modeling and neutralization (FBPMN) adaptive filter. Here we introduce an intuition based variable step size (VSS) parameter, for LMS equation of FBPMN filter. This VSS is motivated from the fact that the error signal of FBPMN filter contains a disturbance-component that is decreasing in nature. The computer simulations are carried out for single-channel and multichannel ANC systems. It is demonstrated that the proposed method achieves better performance than the existing methods.  相似文献
10.
This paper exposes a procedure to couple multiport transfer matrices to finite elements for analyzing the acoustics of automotive hollow body networks with a minimum of memory requirements and computational time. Generally, hollow body networks are made up from a series of elongated fluid partitions similar to ducts or waveguides. These fluid partitions generally contain complex elements: junctions, noise control elements, and cavities. The location and type of these elements in the network, mainly the noise control elements (e.g., sealing parts), may impact the noise inside a car. In the proposed hybrid method, the elongated fluid partitions are modeled with fluid finite elements. All complexities are modeled with two-port or multiport transfer matrices. The coupling of these matrices to finite elements is naturally done at the weak integral formulation stage of the acoustical problem. The coupling does not add any degrees of freedom to, nor modify, the original finite element matrix system. Consequently, changing locations and types of noise control elements in the hollow body network is fast and does not require rebuilding the finite element system. This enables optimizing the acoustics of a complex network on a desktop computer. The hybrid method is compared to experimental results on a tee-shaped hollow body networks. Good correlations are obtained.  相似文献
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