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1.
卫星内无线光网络通信技术及其实现   总被引:8,自引:8,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
蔡然  薛蔡  曹捷  傅劲  胡渝 《光子学报》2005,34(2):263-266
卫星内无线光网络通信的基础在于卫星内无线光通信链路. 为保障链路质量, 必须解决适合卫星内环境的抗噪和抗多径损害等技术问题, 以及相关设备的适当重量、体积和功耗等实现问题. 其关键是结合载波和卫星环境的特性, 并配合其它卫星技术研究无线光网络通信技术. 实验表明, 在卫星内实现适应编码调制和脉冲波形技术, 无线光噪声复合消除技术、后验均衡技术和有序捆绑解调解码技术等, 点对点和点对多点高速光链路误码率达到了正常通信要求. 为进一步利用无线光属性组建高服务质量(QoS)网络, 获得高的整体通信效率奠定坚实根基.  相似文献
2.
A planar nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) sensor has been developed. The sensor is resilient to environmental noise and is capable of simultaneous independent multi-frequency operation. The device was constructed as an open multimodal birdcage structure, in which the higher modes, generally not used in magnetic resonance, are utilized for NQR detection. These modes have smooth distributions of the amplitudes of the corresponding radiofrequency magnetic fields everywhere along the sensor’s surface. The phases of the fields, on the other hand, are cyclically shifted across the sensor’s surface. Noise signals coming from distant sources, therefore, induce equal-magnitude cyclically phase-shifted currents in different parts of the sensor. When such cyclically phase-shifted currents arrive at the mode connection point, they destructively interfere with each other and are cancelled out. NQR signals of polycrystalline or disordered substances, however, are efficiently detected by these modes because they are insensitive to the phases of the excitation/detection. No blind spots exist along the sensor’s surface. The sensor can be used for simultaneous detection of one or more substances in locations with environmental noise.  相似文献
3.
基于经验模式分解的拖曳式声纳拖船噪声抵消研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
拖曳式线列阵声纳的拖船噪声具有多途角扩展等特点,并且是一个非平稳过程,使得对该噪声的消除或抑制是一大难点。经验模式分解是一种用于分析非线性非平稳信号的新方法,该方法自适应地将嵌于数据内部的多个固有模式函数逐一分解开来。本文尝试利用经验模式分解方法分离出水听器接收信号中的拖船干扰噪声,从而达到消除干扰的目的。海上试验数据的处理结果充分验证了这种方法的可行性。  相似文献
4.
 电子直线加速器电子束能量的稳定与否取决于功率源工作频率的稳定性,磁控管在短时间内的散谱和轻微跳谱造成稳频系统的控制精度下降,最后电子束的扫描均匀度下降。引入自适应线性神经元方法(ADALINE)和噪声对消技术以消除对工作频率长期稳定性的影响,从而保证了电子束的扫描均匀度。  相似文献
5.
拖船噪声抵消与左右舷分辨联合处理方法的研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
张宾  孙贵青  李启虎 《应用声学》2008,27(5):380-385
利用拖曳双线阵声纳基阵结构的左右舷分辨能力,并结合拖船相对于拖曳线列阵的空间位置关系,本文提出一种拖船噪声抵消与左右舷分辨联合处理的方法,在波束域分别形成左右波束并将映像波束相减,在检测目标并进行左右分辨的同时,可以显著抵消拖船噪声。海试结果验证了该方法的有效性,拖船噪声被抑制掉约14dB,同时正确分辨出目标的左右舷方位。  相似文献
6.
有源消声耳罩控制器的实现   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
本文用传递函数描述了复合式有源消声耳罩的系统模型,确定了模拟式消声控制器的合理阶次,对于前馈控制器和反馈控制器,均比出了电路实现方案,最后,实际设计了复合式有源消声耳罩,并实测了控制器特性和消声效果,验证了本文提出了的控制器实现方法的有效性。  相似文献
7.
推导出了等效Fabry-Perot腔输出光强的表达式,结合Labview和Matlab软件编写了自适应噪声抵消器。提出了将自适应噪声抵消器应用到激光散斑信号的去噪处理,并通过计算散斑频谱能量密度推算出了被测目标的速度。基于Labview软件编写了监控程序,通过以太网实现了远程控制激光散斑信号对运动物体速度的实时测量。  相似文献
8.
In this paper, we address the problem of noise reduction and speech enhancement by adaptive filtering algorithm. Recently, the well known forward blind source separation (FBSS) structure has been largely studied and intensively used to reduce acoustic noise components and to enhance speech signal. The FBSS structure is often combined with adaptive algorithms to accelerate the adaptation of the cross-filters, and to improve noise suppression at the output. In this paper, we propose to use a wavelet transform decomposition in the FBSS structure by using a two-channel forward wavelet symmetric adaptive decorrelating (WFSAD) algorithm. The proposed WFSAD algorithm provides a better compromise between time and frequency resolution and improves robustness of the noise reduction process when compared with the classical two-channel forward symmetric adaptive decorrelating (FSAD) algorithm. Simulation results prove the efficiency of the proposed WFBSS algorithm in comparison with conventional ones in terms of several objective and subjective criteria.  相似文献
9.
张家树 《中国物理》2007,16(2):352-358
The least mean square error difference (LMS-ED) minimum criterion for an adaptive chaotic noise canceller is proposed in this paper. Different from traditional least mean square error minimum criterion in which the error is uncorrelated with the input vector, the proposed LMS-ED minimum criterion tries to minimize the correlation between the error difference and input vector difference. The novel adaptive LMS-ED algorithm is then derived to update the weights of adaptive noise canceller. A comparison between cancelling performances of adaptive least mean square (LMS), normalized LMS (NLMS) and proposed LMS-ED algorithms is simulated by using three kinds of chaotic noises. The simulation results clearly show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the LMS and NLMS algorithms in achieving small values of steady-state excess mean square error. Moreover, the computational complexity of the proposed LMS-ED algorithm is the same as that of the standard LMS algorithms.  相似文献
10.
UUV平台自噪声会对舷侧阵产生干扰,从而影响其探测性能,本文针对平台尾部自噪声源的直达噪声和海面反射噪声,提出了基于近场聚焦逆波束形成的平台噪声自适应抵消方法。文中利用UUV平台设计参数、深度以及运动姿态信息对尾部自噪声传播到舷侧阵的路径建立几何模型,并分析了影响该路径的因素;通过该模型,平台尾部自噪声能够实时自适应地通过聚焦波束形成被估计出来,从而在舷侧阵的接收信号中实现干扰抵消。仿真结果与海试实验数据处理结果表明,该方法能够有效抑制尾部自噪声干扰,显著提高UUV探测弱目标的能力。  相似文献
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