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微穿孔板和微缝板吸声体研究进展   总被引:16,自引:1,他引:15       下载免费PDF全文
刘克 《应用声学》2002,21(1):3-6,25
介绍了我国在新型吸声体微穿孔板和微缝板的特点、首创、理论分析、加工制作、多方面的应用情况,以及其在国外的影响。也讨论了这些吸声体的部分发展方向。  相似文献
2.
Microperforated panels (MPPs) can provide wide-band absorption without fibrous and porous materials and are recognized as next-generation absorption materials. Although the fundamental absorbing mechanism of an MPP absorber is Helmholtz-resonance absorption, sound-induced vibration of an MPP itself can affects the absorption characteristics. There have been some studies considering the effects of the sound-induced vibration and there even is a proposal to widen the absorption bandwidth by positively utilizing the vibration of an MPP itself. On the other hand, in a previous study, the relationship between MPP absorbers and panel-type absorbers was investigated with infinite theory. However, the relationship between Helmholtz-resonance absorption and panel-type absorption in finite flexible MPP absorbers has not been clarified. Herein, from the viewpoint of an absorption-characteristics transition with the perforation ratio, the relationship between Helmholtz-resonance absorption and panel-type absorption including the effects of eigen-mode vibrations of the panel is theoretically and experimentally investigated. The analytical model considers a finite flexible MPP supported in a circular duct, and the predicted data for the absorption coefficient under normal incidence is validated by an experiment using an acoustic tube. From this investigation, it is found that panel-type absorption due to eigen-mode vibrations of the panel occurs independently from Helmholtz-resonance absorption, while panel-type absorption due to a mass-spring resonance of a panel and a back cavity has a trade-off relationship with Helmholtz-resonance absorption with respect to the perforation ratio.  相似文献
3.
The sound absorption mechanism of microperforated panel (MPP) absorbers and panel/membrane-type absorbers is both based on a certain resonance system and utilising its resonance effect. However, the relationship between the absorption mechanisms of MPPs and panel/membrane-type absorbers has not been discussed: it is not clarified whether they can occur simultaneously, or how they interfere each other. On the other hand, in a previous study there is an attempt to cause both absorption mechanisms simultaneously. In this paper, using an electro-acoustical equivalent circuit model, their sound absorption mechanisms and their relationship are discussed. In this study, three cases are considered: (1) the case in which only the mass reactance of the MPP is considered, (2) the case in which the losses of the panel is considered, and (3) the case in which the sound absorption of the back wall surface is considered. The results suggest that the microperforated panel absorption, which is Helmhotz-type resonance, and the panel/membrane-type absorption can be regarded as phenomena of the same kind which can be smoothly transformed into each other by changing a parameter, and can be consistently modelled and comprehensively discussed.  相似文献
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