首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   8篇
  完全免费   5篇
  物理学   13篇
  2020年   1篇
  2018年   1篇
  2017年   1篇
  2015年   1篇
  2014年   2篇
  2008年   2篇
  2006年   1篇
  2002年   1篇
  2000年   2篇
  1995年   1篇
排序方式: 共有13条查询结果,搜索用时 93 毫秒
1.
用半导体激光器实现高精度动态定位   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
韩劲松  赵洋 《光学学报》1995,15(12):730-1734
提出了一种新的半激光定位技术,把半导体激光器的线性调频特性和双波长细分技术结合起来,用两个半导体激光器完成了零点的高精度动态定位,突破了传统白光定位的局限,简化了干涉仪的设计,实现了大范围的零点捕捉。定位精度达到0.01μm。  相似文献
2.
Active cancellation stealth is a smart signal blanking method, that it has become an important developing direction on modern stealth technology. In order to further explore the active cancellation stealth technology, we are considering the detection and cancellation of receiving/transmitting antenna pattern is different. Put forward active cancellation system simulation structure diagram based on MATLAB/SIMULINK, where the phased array radar system as the modelling object, and established the active cancellation stealth system mathematical model based on digital radio frequency memory (DRFM) and the radar signal processing system of the coherent video simulation model, based on linear frequency modulation and radar coherent pulse signal simulation, verified the rationality and validity of the design, as the active cancellation stealth engineering technology laid the foundation.  相似文献
3.
Cowell DM  Freear S 《Ultrasonics》2008,48(2):98-108
A novel switched excitation method for linear frequency modulated excitation of ultrasonic transducers in pulse compression systems is presented that is simple to realise, yet provides reduced signal sidelobes at the output of the matched filter compared to bipolar pseudo-chirp excitation. Pulse compression signal sidelobes are reduced through the use of simple amplitude tapering at the beginning and end of the excitation duration. Amplitude tapering using switched excitation is realised through the use of intermediate voltage switching levels, half that of the main excitation voltages. In total five excitation voltages are used creating a quinary excitation system. The absence of analogue signal generation and power amplifiers renders the excitation method attractive for applications with requirements such as a high channel count or low cost per channel. A systematic study of switched linear frequency modulated excitation methods with simulated and laboratory based experimental verification is presented for 2.25 MHz non-destructive testing immersion transducers. The signal to sidelobe noise level of compressed waveforms generated using quinary and bipolar pseudo-chirp excitation are investigated for transmission through a 0.5 m water and kaolin slurry channel. Quinary linear frequency modulated excitation consistently reduces signal sidelobe power compared to bipolar excitation methods. Experimental results for transmission between two 2.25 MHz transducers separated by a 0.5 m channel of water and 5% kaolin suspension shows improvements in signal to sidelobe noise power in the order of 7–8 dB. The reported quinary switched method for linear frequency modulated excitation provides improved performance compared to pseudo-chirp excitation without the need for high performance excitation amplifiers.  相似文献
4.
詹飞  马晓川  吴永清 《应用声学》2020,39(2):268-274
主动声呐系统常采用线性调频信号探测水下目标。利用分数阶傅里叶变换处理线性调频回波时,可在低信噪比和强混响背景下获得目标参数的有效估计。主动声呐系统常通过增大发射信号的时间带宽积来提升系统的距离分辨力和速度分辨力,但却带来了计算复杂度的显著增加,尤其是奈奎斯特采样下基于分数阶傅里叶变换的回波处理方法,导致数据处理时间难以满足功耗和体积受限的无人水下航行器平台的实时性要求。针对此问题,该文提出分数阶傅里叶变换的带通采样实现方法,通过对线性调频信号时频特性直线在分数阶域的投影进行修正,使利用分数阶傅里叶变换方法处理带通采样的回波数据时,可获得正确的目标参数估计。计算机仿真数据和无人水下航行器湖试数据处理结果验证了分数阶傅里叶变换的带通采样实现方法的正确性,数据处理时间能够满足无人水下航行器平台处理的实时性要求。  相似文献
5.
提出一种基于互逆光纤色散的微波光子雷达系统设计方案,既可以产生宽带线性调频信号,又可以实现线性调频信号的光域脉冲压缩.在发射端利用互逆色散光纤产生线性调频信号.在接收端,雷达回波信号通过马赫-曾德调制器调制到预啁啾的光信号上,然后经过色散光纤的进一步色散.最终在探测器端可以得到目标回波信号脉冲压缩后的结果.该方案无需脉冲压缩过程中数字化和离线处理,且具有脉冲压缩比的调谐作用.理论、数值仿真和实验证明了该设计方案能有效进行线性调频信号的光域脉冲压缩.实验产生了C波段下时宽1.2ns,带宽3.2GHz的线性调频信号,并通过互逆色散光纤将该信号压缩到了0.09ns,脉冲压缩比达13.3.  相似文献
6.
线性调频信号是大时宽带宽积信号,通过脉冲压缩可提高探测距离和分辨率,已在深水多波束测深系统中得到广泛应用。针对深水多波束测深系统中脉冲压缩运算量大的问题,提出了一种基于分组的脉冲压缩实时算法。该算法对需要进行脉冲压缩的波束进行分组,每个节拍只计算一组波束,可大幅减少深水多波束测深系统脉冲压缩的运算时间,节省了处理器资源。该算法已成功应用于某深水多波束测深系统,经多次海试证明,工作稳定可靠。  相似文献
7.
对于高速、强机动的水下目标来说,其航行参数信息的实时遥测具有重要意义。水声信号的多普勒频移估计与补偿是水声遥测的关键技术之一,它直接影响着水声遥测的效果与性能。本文针对双曲线调频信号及线性调频信号进行仿真分析,对比在相同情况下的多普勒频移可补偿性,仿真实验证明双曲线调频信号具备较高的多普勒容限,其时延值估计精度可达到1μs。结合工程实际,本文采用双曲调频信号与单频信号组合的方式进行水声遥测,充分发挥双曲线调频信号的多普勒不变性和单频信号对多普勒频移的敏感性,在获得较高定位精度的同时,也具备高精度的水声遥测功能。该组合信标信号经过湖上试验验证,具有遥测精度高、误码率低、易于实现等优点,可应用于相关水声工程中。  相似文献
8.
针对高速运动过程中的水声通信,提出一种新型稳健的同步方法。该方法充分利用线性调频(LFM)信号的自相关特性及LFM扩频水声通信解调原理。湖试结果表明该方法简单有效,能够消除同步误差累积。利用湖试数据进行的仿真结果表明:该方法在常速及变速运动情况下均有效;在水下24m/s高速运动、时变多途干扰、带内接收信噪比低于0dB时,数据率可达为100bit/s,误码率保持在10-4左右。  相似文献
9.
In remote sensing applications, there is a special interest in the lightweight, cost effective, and high resolution imaging sensors. The combination of linearly frequency modulated continuous wave (LFMCW) technology and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technique can lead to such a sensor. This paper concentrates on the analysis of waveform errors in millimeter-wave (MMW) LFMCW SAR. The generating scheme of millimeter-wave LFMCW waveforms with phase locked loop (PLL) and direct digital synthesizer (DDS) combined frequency synthesizer is investigated. The impacts of quantization errors, spurs, and frequency nonlinearities are analyzed. Simulation results show that the quality of LFMCW waveforms has a direct influence on the SAR images. Hence a scheme of frequency synthesizer to achieve high performance MMW LFMCW waveform is proposed. This synthesizer driven by a DDS array can adaptive suppress the spurious level without degradation of excellent frequency linearity and fast switching speed.  相似文献
10.
声波远程探测需要低频大功率发射和宽频带接收技术,从而使得仪器看得远、看得清。目前,采用单脉冲的激励方式,需要增加发射脉宽或者提高发射电压来提高发射能量。而增加发射脉宽会降低成像分辨率,提高发射电压又对发射换能器提出了新的挑战。该文在现有换能器基础上,提出并采用线性调频脉冲信号激励换能器的方法,以提高探测距离和精度。具体采用DDS技术产生线性调频脉冲信号并由FPGA实现;采用高效的D类放大器来最大化功率;采用一个全桥电路实现了两路发射控制。测井表明,设计的电路能稳定有效地工作,相对于单脉冲发射电路而言,它得到了更好的成像效果图像。该文工作为远程声波探测测井仪器的自主研发提供了一种技术参考。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号