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考虑了各种可能的自由基和多渡态裂解反应通道,采用分子体系第一性原理计算研究了二乙基铍与二叔丁基铍单分子热解机理.分别用B3LYP、CCSD(T)和G3B3研究了分子裂解反应的势能面,给出了各反应物、产物和过渡态的几何结构、振动频率和相对能量.结果显示从热力学角度,对于上述两个分子,其主要的热解均是通过协同消除的过渡态反应而进行的.分析了这两个分子热解势能面的差 异,并计算了相关反应通道的反应焓变和反应速率常数.  相似文献
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The photoionization and photodissociation of 1,4-dioxane have been investigated with a reflectron time-of-flight photoionization mass spectrometry and a tunable vacuum ultraviolet synchrotron radiation in the energy region of 8.0-15.5 eV. Parent ion and fragment ions at m/z 88, 87, 58, 57, 45, 44, 43, 41, 31, 30, 29, 28 and 15 are detected under supersonic conditions. The ionization energy of DX as well as the appearance energies of its fragment ions C4H7O2+, C3H6O+, C3H5O+, C2H5O+, C2H4O+, C2H3O+, C3H5+, CH3O+, C2H6+, C2H5+/CHO+, C2H4+ and CH3+ was determined from their photoionization efficiency curves. The optimized structures for the neutrals, cations, transition states and intermediates related to photodissociation of DX are characterized at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) level and their energies are obtained by G3B3 method. Possible dissociative channels of the DX are proposed based on comparison of experimental AE values and theoretical predicted ones. Intramolecular hydrogen migrations are found to be the dominant processes in most of the fragmentation pathways of 1,4-dioxane.  相似文献
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