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1.
甲酸在铂钌电极上电催化氧化的原位SERS研究   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
采用循环伏安法和电化学原位表面增强拉曼光谱(in-situ SERS)技术研究了甲酸在铂钌电极上解离吸附与氧化行为。发现甲酸在铂钌电极上也能自发解离吸附。铂钌电极上CO的氧化峰电位与粗糙铂电极相比负移了180mV,把CO氧化完毕的电极电位亦负移了300 mV,从分子水平证实铂钌电极对甲酸电催化氧化的活性比纯铂电极更高。该研究结果表明,SERS技术可望拓展为研究电催化体系的有效工具。  相似文献
2.
The thermal evolution process of IrO2-SnO2/Ti mixed oxide thin films of varying noble metal content has been investigated under in situ conditions by thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared emission spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The gel-like films prepared from aqueous solutions of the precursor salts Sn(OH)2(CH3COO)2−xClx and H2IrCl6 on titanium metal support were heated in an atmosphere containing 20% O2 and 80% Ar up to 600 °C.The thermal decomposition reactions practically take place in two separate temperature ranges from ambient to about 250 °C and between 300 and 600 °C. In the low temperature range the liberation of solution components and - to a limited extent - an oxidative cracking reaction of the acetate ligand takes place catalyzed by the noble metal. In the high temperature range the evolution of chlorine as well as the decomposition of surface species formed (carbonyls, carboxylates, carbonates) can be observed. The acetate ligand shows extreme high stability and is decomposed in the 400-550 °C range, only.Since the formation and decomposition of the organic surface species can significantly influence the morphology (and thus the electrochemical properties) of the films, the complete understanding of the film evolution process is indispensable to optimize the experimental conditions of electrode preparation.  相似文献
3.
Thin films of iridium oxide have been deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering. The influence of oxygen partial pressure in the sputtering plasma on the composition, surface structure and morphology of the films has been studied by XRD, SEM and AFM analysis. An optimal combination of sputtering parameters yields stable microporous amorphous films with highly extended fractal surface. The electrochemical properties of these films have been investigated in view of their application as catalysts for water splitting, using the electrochemical techniques of cyclovoltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and steady state polarization. The SIROFs have shown an excellent electrochemical reversibility and a high catalytic activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction in 0.5 M H2SO4. A current density of 150 mA cm−2 at potential of 1.7 V (versus Ag/AgCl) has been obtained at catalyst load of only 100 μg cm−2. These results combined with the established long-term mechanical stability of the sputtered iridium oxide films (SIROFs) proved the advantages of the reactive magnetron sputtering as simple and reliable method for preparation of catalysts with precisely controlled composition, loading, and surface characteristics.  相似文献
4.
Nickel and its alloys have recently been emerged as potential catalytic electrode materials for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline media. The present work contemplates reinforcement of electroless Ni-P plate with ZrO2. The plate showed very high stability and excellent electrocatalytic activity. In situ incorporation of ZrO2 resulted in increase in the rate of deposition of Ni on steel substrate. There was high activation during the initial stage of the plating also. The electrocatalytic activity of the ZrO2-reinforced Ni electroless plate was found to be highly reproducible and long lasting when used for hydrogen evolution reaction.  相似文献
5.
电位跃-开路驰豫-薄层光谱电化学方法研究了开路情况下,玻碳电极表面对[Fe(CN)6]4-和[(phen)2Cu]2 体系的自身氧化和还原反应的催化作用,获得各体系的催化反应的表观反应速率常数分别为9.02×10-4L/mol/s和1.44×10-3L/mol/s。玻碳电极开路情况下的氧化还原催化性质的研究尚无文献报道。  相似文献
6.
There is a growing interest in devising wet chemical alternatives for physical deposition methods for applications involving thin films, e.g., catalysis. Deposition of platinum on thin gold films is often a problem leading to incomplete coverage and improper adhesion to solid surfaces. Gold substrates often need pre-activation for achieving complete coverage. We demonstrate here that dendrimers with proper functionalities and size work as well-defined nucleating agents and adhesion promoters. This feature is demonstrated using an amine-terminated dendrimer of generation 4.0. This approach allows one to obtain adherent nanoparticulate films of platinum on gold. Unlike other nucleating agents and adhesion promoting compounds, dendrimers have a well-defined ordered structure in terms of their space filling ability. The stability of the films obtained with adsorbed dendrimers is demonstrated using the electrocatalytic reactions of fuels like methanol. The films formed without dendrimers cannot sustain the electro-oxidation currents due to the instability of the films while the films formed with dendrimers can sustain currents for longer duration and for several cycles. The dendrimer-derived Pt films exhibit higher catalytic activity compared to other methods  相似文献
7.
基于以前报道的电化学原位ATR-FTIRS数据(Langmuir 22,10399 (2006)和Angewa. Chem. Int. Ed., 50,1159 (2011)),详细讨论了甲酸在铂电极上电催化氧化机理及动力学过程.提出了直接反应路径的动力学模型,即甲酸吸附(同时C-H键活化)作为此反应的决速步骤,此反应路径贡献甲酸氧化反应的大部分电流.该动力学模型可以很好地拟合在无CO毒化影响和浓度在0.1 mol/L以下的红外光谱结果.这种机理预测了甲酸氧化直接途径可能只需要一个Pt原子作为反应位点,甲酸根阻碍活性位点,并非为反应中间物.另外还详细检验了之前其他小组曾提出的甲酸根途径(一级或二级反应)为甲酸氧化直接途径,并指出了引起分歧的原因.  相似文献
8.
This review intends to summarize the major achievements in the application of amorphous alloys as precursors of catalyst materials. This non-traditional catalyst preparation method may provide supported catalysts with novel chemical and structural properties. Selected examples for both glassy alloy precursors and those fabricated by mechanochemistry include CO oxidation over binary and ternary alloys, dehydrogenation over Cu-M (M = Ti, Zr or Hf), one-step synthesis of methyl isobutyl ketone, and selective hydrogenation of unsaturated carbonyl compounds. Ni alloys for methanation developed for the project to solve global warming by recycling carbon dioxide are also discussed.  相似文献
9.
A new carbon black supported palladium catalyst for direct formic acid fuel cell applications has been prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction. Bi-modal distribution of Pd crystallite sizes was observed. The average Pd size for crystallites in small size and large size ranges were about 2.7 nm and 11.2 nm, respectively. The initial activity of the catalyst in the oxidation of formic acid tested in a fuel cell was similar to a commercial well dispersed 20 wt.% Pd/Vulcan. The rates of the fuel cell power decay were measured for formic acid of two purities for various current loadings. The results showed that various mechanisms contribute to the decrease of cell power with time. In direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) fed with a very pure HCOOH accumulation of CO2 gas bubbles in anode catalyst layer is responsible for observed power decay. In DFAFC fed with a pure for analysis (p.a.) grade formic acid the formation of COads poison from the formic acid impurities is the main deactivation reason.  相似文献
10.
A new concept of utilization of titanium dioxide matrix in electrocatalysis by admixing it with polyoxometallate modified gold nanoparticles is described here. The approach utilizes Keggin-type phosphododecamolybdate (PMo12O403−) adsorbates capable of modifying, activating and stabilizing Au nanoparticles of the sizes of 30-40 nm. Ultra-thin films of phosphomolybdates on nanostructured gold are characterized by well-defined fast (reversible) multi-electron electrochemical reactions. By dispersing platinum black over the Au-containing TiO2, the electrocatalytic activity of Pt nanoparticles towards oxidation of ethanol has been enhanced. Remarkable increases of electrocatalytic currents measured under voltammetric and chronoamperometric conditions have been observed. The most likely explanation takes into account improvement of overall conductivity (due to the presence of nanostructured gold) at the electrocatalytic interface (including TiO2-support), as well as and possibility of specific Pt-TiO2 or Pt-Au electronic interactions and existence of active hydroxyl groups (on titanium dioxide or polyoxometallate surfaces) in the vicinity of catalytic Pt sites.  相似文献
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