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利用CBS-QB3理论计算方法研究了异戊二烯的可能解离通道.获得了主要碎片离子C5H7+,C5H5+,C4H5+,C3H6+,C3H5+,C3H4+,C3H3+的C2H3+的结构以及这些解离通道的解离能,并给出了相应的过渡态和中间体的结构和位垒.得到的异戊二烯电离势及主要碎片离子的出现势均与实验值符合的较好.最后,通过理论和实验结果的对比讨论了各通道的解离机理.  相似文献
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The photoionization and photodissociation of 1,4-dioxane have been investigated with a reflectron time-of-flight photoionization mass spectrometry and a tunable vacuum ultraviolet synchrotron radiation in the energy region of 8.0-15.5 eV. Parent ion and fragment ions at m/z 88, 87, 58, 57, 45, 44, 43, 41, 31, 30, 29, 28 and 15 are detected under supersonic conditions. The ionization energy of DX as well as the appearance energies of its fragment ions C4H7O2+, C3H6O+, C3H5O+, C2H5O+, C2H4O+, C2H3O+, C3H5+, CH3O+, C2H6+, C2H5+/CHO+, C2H4+ and CH3+ was determined from their photoionization efficiency curves. The optimized structures for the neutrals, cations, transition states and intermediates related to photodissociation of DX are characterized at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) level and their energies are obtained by G3B3 method. Possible dissociative channels of the DX are proposed based on comparison of experimental AE values and theoretical predicted ones. Intramolecular hydrogen migrations are found to be the dominant processes in most of the fragmentation pathways of 1,4-dioxane.  相似文献
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