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1.
Impulse-thermography is one of the best suited non-destructive testing methods for the detection of surface-near voids of concrete structures. Here, the influence of material properties varied by concrete age, pore content, aggregate type and reinforcement density was studied systematically. Numerical simulations allowing the differentiation of the influence of single material parameters were complementing the experimental results.  相似文献
2.
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3.
I provide a tour of Madrid, focusing especially on physical institutions that were created during the 19th and 20th centuries.These include the Astronomical Observatory close to the Prado Museum, which itself was conceived as a home for the Royal Academy of Sciences but became instead a world-famous art museum in 1819, leaving the Royal Academy of Sciences without a permanent home until 1866.The Laboratory of Physical Researches was created in 1910, and under the direction of Blas Cabrera (1878–1945), who also held a professorship at the Universidad Central, it fostered most of the Spanish research in physics at the time, in particular the famous spectroscopic researches of Miguel A. Catalán (1894–1957). Nearby were the so-called Transatlantico building and the Students’ Residence where Albert Einstein (1879–1955), for example, lectured in 1923, and which together continue to serve as a major cultural center in Madrid. Later, the physical laboratory was replaced by the National Institute of Physics and Chemistry, which was constructed with funds from the Rockefeller Foundation and inaugurated in 1932. A new University City with its Faculty of Sciences also was constructed on the northwestern outskirts of Madrid, but almost all of its buildings were totally destroyed during the devastating Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939. It was reconstructed after the war and became home, for example, to Spain’s first nuclear reactor, which achieved criticality in 1958.  相似文献
4.
Conventionally, the inspection of elevated concrete structures requires the use of scaffolding or an aerial truck. In this study, elevated railway structures constructed of reinforced concrete were inspected using active infrared thermography. The inspection area corresponded to half of the middle slab covering an area of 16.8 m2; one inspection was carried out that took about 15 min. A remote heating system consisting of a 6-kW air-cooled xenon arc lamp and a scanner system was developed to detect hidden defects in elevated concrete structures without the need for an aerial truck or scaffolding. The generation of a thermal image and irradiation are carried out simultaneously by the beam scanning. High-contrast infrared thermal images can be obtained by the simple image processing procedure that is proposed.  相似文献
5.
王洪  黄远强  任和  熊毅 《应用声学》2017,25(10):297-300
健康状态评估技术是实现飞机派遣决策的关键技术。本文提出了一种民用飞机多级健康状态评估方法,该方法充分利用各类工程数据、技术数据和可靠性分析数据,建立飞机技术派遣量化评估方法,甄选影响飞机技术派遣的主要参数,并通过对各参数进行权重分配,建立综合量化分析模型,针对专机、VIP及其他特殊航线运行要求,精准高效地为飞机的技术派遣提供决策依据,保证特殊运行航班的安全性以及签派可靠度。经某航空公司的试用效果良好,验证了提出的方法的可行性。  相似文献
6.
国内故障诊断、预测与健康管理领域尚未形成完整的健康管理系统,地面支持系统的架构研究处于起步阶段。通过借鉴国际先进的民机健康管理的技术、规范和成功经验,深入研究了民机运营支持和产品技术支援的健康管理业务需求和应用需求,从数据模型、平台架构、业务架构三个方面提出了民用飞机基于DPHM的地面支持系统架构设计方案。依据架构设计方案,开发了原理样机,并进行了实验验证。实验验证显示,原理样机能够正确解码原始数据,演示功能符合预期,模块间接口顺畅,从而表明了地面支持系统架构设计方案的可行性。  相似文献
7.
目前很多工程应用中的飞机故障诊断方法,只考虑单一的基于案例或基于规则的诊断方法,故障诊断的效率有待提高。本文针对民用客机地面运营支持系统的特点和要求,将案例和规则融合的推理机制引入到飞机故障诊断系统的设计中。该方法采用规则推理为前导、案例推理后置补充的结合方式,最大化地利用飞机故障隔离手册知识和从维修记录中提取的案例知识,从而提高首次故障隔离效率、降低无效排故时间。以民用客机某系统的典型故障为例,阐述了该推理机制在故障诊断中的应用。通过历史飞行数据试验,验证了提出的基于案例与规则融合诊断方法的有效性,以此为基础设计的故障诊断方案可为航空公司构建更完善的专家系统提供参考。  相似文献
8.
民机适航审定试飞时需要传输海量的测试数据,由于试验科目的苛刻要求,试飞任务需在多地同时开展。针对这种需求,提出一种基于4G通信的民机试飞监控技术架构,构建多地试飞一体化测试网络,并通过了飞行试验数据传输测试,该技术架构可满足试验机试飞数据高速传输需求,满足试验数据多地传输需求。该技术的应用增强了安全监控能力,提高试飞效率。  相似文献
9.
王洪  黄加阳 《应用声学》2015,23(10):12-12
关联性诊断作为一种重要的故障诊断方法,对于缩短民机等复杂系统故障判定时间、减少故障损失、提高检修准确性、节约维修费用等,有着重大的理论意义和应用价值。本文介绍了民用飞机故障诊断技术的研究现状,在此基础上,提出并深入阐述了一种关联性诊断方法的原理与功能设计,并以风挡防冰系统为例进行验证。结果表明,根据原理分析所建立的系统模型,能够正确识别风挡防冰子系统故障,证明了该方法的有效性。  相似文献
10.
针对日益增长的民用航空巨量数据,借助大数据存储和分析技术,构建民用航空运行大数据分析平台,可更有效支撑快速响应、航材管理、健康管理等各项民机运行业务。结合目前国内外民用航空领域大数据技术的应用现状,梳理民机运行的业务模式及数据类别,设计并构建民用航空大数据分析平台的整体架构。根据目前民用航空运行业务需求,对民用航空大数据平台的硬件平台的管理节点、数据节点的计算能力等功能性能进行设计,并对民用航空大数据平台的轻量级计算、离线数据计算、实时在线数据处理分析等计算需求进行研究,针对不同的计算方式,提供具体解决途径。最后对民机运行大数据分析平台的业务应用集成及接口技术进行研究。分析表明研究成果有助于提高我国民机运行效率,为民用飞机运行大数据平台提供支撑。  相似文献
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