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排序方式: 共有119条查询结果,搜索用时 62 毫秒
1.
基于Contourlet变换的遥感图像去噪新算法   总被引:13,自引:10,他引:3  
张晶晶  方勇华 《光学学报》2008,28(3):462-466
提出了一个新的有效的基于Contourlet变换的遥感图像去噪方法。对有噪图像进行Contourlet分解;对Contourlet变换系数引入一个几何先验模型,结合噪声和有用信号的条件分布进行贝叶斯估计,得到每一系数作为有用信号的后验概率,以之作为修正因子修正小波萎缩因子;对重构图像进行递归循环运算处理。仿真实验结果表明,去噪后图像去除了常见的伪吉布斯现象,峰值信噪比提高了1~2 dB。  相似文献
2.
卫星内无线光网络通信技术及其实现   总被引:8,自引:8,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
蔡然  薛蔡  曹捷  傅劲  胡渝 《光子学报》2005,34(2):263-266
卫星内无线光网络通信的基础在于卫星内无线光通信链路. 为保障链路质量, 必须解决适合卫星内环境的抗噪和抗多径损害等技术问题, 以及相关设备的适当重量、体积和功耗等实现问题. 其关键是结合载波和卫星环境的特性, 并配合其它卫星技术研究无线光网络通信技术. 实验表明, 在卫星内实现适应编码调制和脉冲波形技术, 无线光噪声复合消除技术、后验均衡技术和有序捆绑解调解码技术等, 点对点和点对多点高速光链路误码率达到了正常通信要求. 为进一步利用无线光属性组建高服务质量(QoS)网络, 获得高的整体通信效率奠定坚实根基.  相似文献
3.
基于小波分解系数的贝叶斯人脸识别方法   总被引:6,自引:1,他引:5  
彭进业  王大凯  俞卞章  李楠 《光子学报》2001,30(10):1263-1269
本文给出了贝叶斯人脸识别方法中匹配准则的多个近似表达式及一种实用的快速计算方法.在此基础上,利用反对称双正交小波变换的微分算子功能,提出了一种利用两幅人脸图象的小波变换系数差作为模式矢量的贝叶斯人脸识别方法,并利用AR人脸图象库进行了实验.实验结果表明本文方法与基于图象灰度的类似方法相比,识别率提高8%左右.此外本文方法也提供了一条在图象压缩数据域中实现人脸识别的可能途径.  相似文献
4.
基于小波概率估计的图像融合方法研究   总被引:6,自引:4,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
刘卫光  周利华 《光子学报》2004,33(1):101-104
在研究了已有的图像融合方法后,提出基于小波变换和最大似然概率估计(MLE)相综合的融合方法,利用概率估计融合模型,首先对不同的传感器图像进行小波分解,然后对相应的子带求解仿射变换参数,根据Bayes规则进行最大后验概率似然估计,得到估计子带系数,最后通过小波反变换得到融合图像.在仿射变换的假设条件下定义融合规则,更适合传感器图像具有局部相反对比度的情况,采用此方法对航空可见光图像和红外图像进行融合实验,其结果与采用其它方法进行了对比,表明该方法的有效性.  相似文献
5.
Pharyngoesophageal gastric acid reflux is thought to initiate chronic posterior laryngitis. The gold standard for measuring gastric reflux is dual-channel 24-hour pH monitoring. This is a time-consuming, inconvenient, expensive method that is not available in all areas. New therapeutic regimes that make use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have proven to be therapeutically efficient for control of acid reflux. Twenty-four consecutive patients with chronic voice disorders and signs of posterior laryngitis were selected for therapy. Twenty-four hour pH monitoring was performed independently before the therapy. The trial therapy consisted of all patients receiving pantoprazole, 40 mg once daily for 6 weeks. Immediately following the therapy a statistically significant (p < 0.05) improvement was observed in all patients. This improvement was analyzed retrospectively by comparison with the results of 24-hour pH monitoring. In 71% of the patients the 24-hour pH-monitoring gave a positive result showing a high number of patients with extraesophageal reflux in our study group. Patients with positive results of pH-monitoring responded in a statistically significant manner (p < 0.05) to the pantoprazole therapy, whereas those patients without detected reflux did not. A 3-month follow-up of the patients with a positive result of the pH-monitoring confirmed the improvement. No patients reported adverse effects. A 6-week treatment with pantoprazole can be clinically justified. It helps to save time and reduce costs, allows for selection of reflux-negative patients for alternative therapy, and may prevent inadequate treatment of patients with false-negative pH monitoring. Twenty-four hour pH monitoring is still recommended for patients unresponsive to this trial therapy.  相似文献
6.
基于小波分解系数的贝叶斯人脸识别方法   总被引:4,自引:2,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
彭进业  王大凯  俞卞章  李楠 《光子学报》2001,30(10):1263-1269
本文给出了贝叶斯人脸识别方法中匹配准则的多个近似表达式及一种实用的快速计算方法,在此基础上,利用反对称双正交小波变换的微分算子功能,提出了一种利用两幅人脸图像的小波变换系数差作为模式矢量的贝叶斯人脸识别方法,并利用AR人脸图象库进行了实验,实验结果表明本文方法与基于图像灰度的类似方法相比,识别率提高8%左右,此外本文方法也提供了一条在图像压缩数据域中实现人脸识别的可能途径。  相似文献
7.
This article addresses the problem of parametric time-domain identification and dynamic analysis for time-varying (TV) mechanical structures under unobservable random excitation. The methods presented are based on time-dependent autoregressive moving average (TARMA) models, and are classified according to the mathematical structure imposed on the TV parameter evolution as unstructured parameter evolution, stochastic parameter evolution, and deterministic parameter evolution. The features and relative merits of each class are outlined. A representative method from each is then assessed through its application to the identification and dynamic analysis of a laboratory TV structure consisting of a beam with a mass moving on it. The results are mutually compared and contrasted to those obtained through “frozen-configuration” (multiple experiment) baseline identification.  相似文献
8.
基于MAP的高光谱图像超分辨率方法   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
高光谱图像得到了越来越广泛的应用,但较低的空间分辨率严重地影响着它的应用效果;其超分辨率方法受到学术界的高度重视,但一直没有得到很好的解决。为此重点研究了建立低分辨率资源图像与高分辨率目标图像之间的关系模型;引入关联感兴趣光谱端元的算子进行空间变换;应用最大后验概率(MAP)算法实现超分辨率复原。实验表明,该超分辨率方法具有超分辨率效果好、复杂度低、抗噪声性能强和保护感兴趣类别等优点。  相似文献
9.
Laryngopharyngeal Symptoms and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with laryngopharyngeal symptoms is greater than expect. A prospective study was performed to investigate the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in patients with laryngopharyngeal symptoms. Laryngologic evaluation with nasopharyngeal and laryngeal endoscopy and gastroenterologic evaluation with esophagogastroduodenoscopy including measurement of pH value were performed in 46 patients. Therapeutic intervention included general antireflux precautions and antireflux medication, and eradication of Helicobacter pylori in selected cases. Posterior laryngitis was present in 33 patients. GERD was present in 25 patients, hiatus hernia in 4 patients, H pylori-positive gastritis in 11 patients, and Barrett's metaplasia in 2 patients. Increasing evidence shows that GERD may cause laryngopharyngeal symptoms. Otherwise laryngopharyngeal symptoms can be predictors of GERD. Medical antireflux treatment is also effective for laryngopharyngeal symptoms.  相似文献
10.
The standard treatment for respiratory failure remains endotracheal intubation, with periods of 22 or more days being commonplace. Posterior glottic stenotic web formation, from scarring in the posterior interarytenoid area, may occur after endotracheal intubation, thermal, corrosive, or direct surgical injury. A commonly used classification system for posterior glottic stenosis divides the occurrence into four types. Type I involves an interarytenoid scar band between the vocal folds that is anterior and separate from the posterior interarytenoid mucosa. Type II stenosis involves scarring of the mucosa or musculature of the posterior interarytenoid area. Types III and IV involve unilateral and bilateral cricoarytenoid joint fixation, respectively. Strobovideolaryngoscopy (SVL), rigid and flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy, electromyography (EMG), radiologic imaging of the neck, larynx, and trachea as well as pulmonary function tests, including flow volume loops, provide important objective measurements of upper airway obstruction. A representative case of a professional voice user who suffered a Type II posterior glottic stenosis is presented. The treatment utilized a specific contact-tip neodymium-yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd-YAG) laser delivery system to achieve precise cutting, vaporization, and coagulation simultaneously, returning tactile touch technique to the airway/voice surgeon. Completely successful restoration of voice and airway have been maintained for 2 1/2 years postoperatively.  相似文献
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