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利用电化学沉积法在阳极氧化铝模板中制备了高长径比(20—100)金纳米线阵列,并用扫描俄歇电子显微镜对其结构进行了表征.紫外可见吸收光谱显示金纳米线的表面等离子共振包含横向吸收峰(transverse mode)和纵向吸收峰(longitudinal mode),具有很强的各向异性特征.纵向吸收峰的强度与入射光的偏振方向和入射角度有关,随着长径比的增加纵向吸收峰位置向高能方向移动.将纳米线之间的表面等离子体能量耦合与分子H聚合体的吸收光谱行为做了比较,认为相邻纳米线间的多重耦合使纵向吸收峰出现蓝移.利用有限元分析法模拟了电场在纳米线阵列和单根纳米线表面的不同分布.  相似文献
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Large-area, high-density silicon-based nanotips were fabricated using electrochemical lithography. The morphology and optical properties of the samples were characterized by atomic force microscopy and photoluminescence. The distribution and size of the silicon-based nanotips were uniform. Two photoluminescence peaks were observed at 585 and 620 nm. The peak centered at 585 nm exhibited a narrow full-width at half maximum. No evident peak energy shift was observed when the measurement temperature was increased from 10 K to room temperature, which suggested that the photoluminescence should be attributed to the interface states and/or defects in the silicon-based nanotips.  相似文献
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以阳极氧化铝作为模板,用化学镀的方法制备了可以用作铂钯复合催化剂载体的镍纳米线和纳米管阵列,利用置换反应将铂钯复合催化剂沉积在镍纳米阵列材料上.SEM图片表明镍纳米线的平均直径 为100 nm,镍纳米管的平均内径为20 nm. EDS扫描的结果表明铂钯元素均匀地分布在阵列材料上.循环伏安研究发现载有铂钯催化剂的镍纳米管阵列对乙醇氧化的电催化活性明显高于载有铂钯催化剂的镍纳米线阵列.  相似文献
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 在草酸电解液中研究了阳极氧化法制备多孔氧化铝模板(AAO模板)。采用场发射扫描电子显微镜对多孔模板的形貌进行表征,结果表明:模板孔的分布均匀有序,孔径在40~70 nm;电解液浓度、氧化电压、氧化温度和氧化时间都会影响模板的形态;不经过高温退火及抛光也可以制得规则排布的多孔AAO模板。X射线衍射分析表明:氧化铝膜的主要成分为非晶态Al2O3/sub>。  相似文献
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A patterned array of diamond-like carbon (DLC) was grown on anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template by filtered cathodic arc plasma (FCAP) technique at room temperature. The diameters of patterned array of DLC were ∼150 nm, and the patterned array density was estimated to ∼109 cm−2. A broad asymmetric band ranging from 1000 cm−1 to 2000 cm−1 was detected by Raman spectrum attributed to characteristic band of DLC. The fraction of sp3 bonded carbon atoms of the patterned array of DLC was measured by X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS) and the ratio was about 62.4%. Field emission properties of the patterned array of DLC were investigated. A low turn-on field of 3.4 V/μm at 10 μA/cm2 with an emission area of 3.14 mm2 was achieved. The results indicated that the electrons were emitted under both the effect of enhanced field because of the geometry and the work function of the DLC sample. Based on Fowler-Nordheim plot, the values of work function for the patterned array of DLC were estimated in range of 0.38 to 1.75 from a linearity plot.  相似文献
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Awl-shaped diamond-like carbon (DLC) was directly grown on anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template by using filtered cathodic arc plasma (FCAP) technique at room temperature. The awls of DLC were about 250 nm in the height and the diameters of the awls were ∼100 nm at the top. The awl density was estimated to be ∼108 cm−2. A broad asymmetric band ranging from 1100 to 1800 cm−1 was detected by Raman spectrum. This asymmetric band was characteristic band of DLC. The sp3/(sp3+sp2) ratio of C-C bond of the awl-shaped DLC was measured by X-ray photoelectron spectrum, and it was about 68.3%. Field-emission properties of the awl-shaped DLC were investigated. A low turn-on field of 2.6 V/μm at 10 μA/cm2 with an emission area of 3.14 mm2 was achieved, and the emission current stability was very good. The results indicated that the electrons were emitted under both the effect of enhanced field because of the geometry and the work function of the DLC sample. Based on Fowler-Nordheim plot, the values of work function for the awl-shaped DLC were estimated in ranges of 0.23-1.08 from a linearity plot.  相似文献
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程自强  石海泉  余萍  刘志敏 《物理学报》2018,67(19):197302-197302
利用具有高密度拉曼热点的金属纳米结构作为表面增强拉曼散射(SERS)基底,可以显著增强吸附分子的拉曼信号.本文通过阳极氧化铝模板辅助电化学法沉积制备了高密度银(Ag)纳米颗粒阵列;利用扫描电子显微镜和反射谱表征了样品的结构形貌和表面等离激元特性;用1,4-苯二硫醇(1,4-BDT)为拉曼探针分子,研究了Ag纳米颗粒阵列的SERS效应.通过优化沉积时间,制备出高SERS探测灵敏度的Ag纳米颗粒阵列,检测极限可达10-13 mol/L;时域有限差分法模拟结果证实了纳米颗粒间存在强的等离激元耦合作用,且发现纳米颗粒底端的局域场增强更大.研究结果表明Ag纳米颗粒阵列可作为高效的SERS基底.  相似文献
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