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阵列幅相误差条件下的目标方位估计   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
本文研究了一种改进的MUSIC法,可在一定阵列幅相误差条件下对多目标实现高分辨方位估计,有效地改善了原算法的参数估计性能,具有稳健性高、适用范围广以及工程实现简单等特点,通过大量的计算机仿真和水池实验表明,该方法具有较好的多目标分辨能力和方位估计精度,工程应用前景良好。  相似文献
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徐丰  陆明珠  万明习  方飞 《物理学报》2010,59(2):1349-1356
对一种256阵元中心开孔凹球面二维相控阵合成三维多焦点声场进行了系统的误差分析,总结了阵元激励信号的幅度和相位误差对声场参数的影响规律,为上百阵元相控阵驱动控制提供了设计容差依据.分析表明:上百阵元相控阵在声场合成能力方面具有很强的鲁棒性,5位相位量化精度足以保证合成声场的有效性,误差主要影响声场焦域能量的分布,通过提高相控阵发射总声功率等途径降低幅度误差百分比可以有效减弱固定方差的幅度误差的影响. 关键词: 高强度聚焦超声 幅度和相位误差 多焦点  相似文献
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To simulate flows around solid obstacles of complex geometries, various immersed boundary methods had been developed. Their main advantage is the efficient implementation for stationary or moving solid boundaries of arbitrary complexity on fixed non-body conformal Cartesian grids. The Brinkman penalization method was proposed for incompressible viscous flows by penalizing the momentum equations. Its main idea is to model solid obstacles as porous media with porosity, , and viscous permeability approaching zero. It has the pronounced advantages of mathematical proof of error bound, strong convergence, and ease of numerical implementation with the volume penalization technique. In this paper, it is extended to compressible flows. The straightforward extension of penalizing momentum and energy equations using Brinkman penalization with respective normalized viscous, η, and thermal, ηT, permeabilities produces unsatisfactory results, mostly due to nonphysical wave transmissions into obstacles, resulting in considerable energy and mass losses in reflected waves. The objective of this paper is to extend the Brinkman penalization technique to compressible flows based on a physically sound mathematical model for compressible flows through porous media. In addition to penalizing momentum and energy equations, the continuity equation for porous media is considered inside obstacles. In this model, the penalized porous region acts as a high impedance medium, resulting in negligible wave transmissions. The asymptotic analysis reveals that the proposed Brinkman penalization technique results in the amplitude and phase errors of order O((η)1/2) and O((η/ηT)1/43/4), when the boundary layer within the porous media is respectively resolved or unresolved. The proposed method is tested using 1- and 2-D benchmark problems. The results of direct numerical simulation are in excellent agreement with the analytical solutions. The numerical simulations verify the accuracy and convergence rates.  相似文献
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