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有限元法可用于以声波动方程为基础通过数值计算求解室内声场,适用于分析界面阻抗非均匀分布和复杂形状房间内声场的低频特性。本文首先介绍了小阻尼界面条件下室内声场简正方式、声衰变系数、混响时间的FEM计算方法。在此基础上导出了房间内两点之间声传输函数和声脉冲响应函数的FEM计算模型,并以矩形房间为例详细讨论了有关细节。本文所讨论的计算模型可以映房间内不同的声源点,接收点位置上的声压频谱特性和脉冲响应的时  相似文献
2.
气幕对潜艇声屏蔽作用的数值计算   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
本文利用惠更斯-菲涅尔原理和虚源方法建立了均匀海水中障碍物后声传播损失的计算模型,对模型进行了数值实验验证,并与海上试验数据对比,得到了较为合理的结果。  相似文献
3.
This paper briefly describes an acoustical transmission traveltime tomography method to simultaneously account for the anisotropy and heterogeneity of media. This method is applied to real data gathered at the rock wall of an underground plant in southwest China. The anisotropic tomograms reveal the rock wall features, which coincide well with the site observations, and provide very useful information for the evaluation and reinforcement of the rock wall.  相似文献
4.
Availability of low-frequency characteristics of sound insulating elements is required in order to achieve efficient control of noise sources and reduced level of annoyance in the low-frequency range. Previous work by the author has addressed the problem of designing an enhanced calculation environment for the estimation of sound Transmission Loss (TL). In this work, numerical prediction of TL of sound insulating structures is performed using a procedure, which is in compliance with the ISO recommendations for acoustic measurements. The room-structure-room finite element representation, employed to solve sound propagation and sound-structure interaction problems, as well as the dynamic coupling of and the sound energy propagation through successive air-structure layers are investigated. Several cases of single-layered plain structures of common sound insulating materials such as steel, glass and aluminium with various thickness values are modelled and the calculated TL is compared with published experimental results. It is shown that although the detailed dynamic response of the structures is not accurately predicted due to uncertain parameters, such as the test-specimens dimension and vaguely known boundary conditions, the octave band averaged TL is sufficiently predicted for the majority of the tested materials. Extension of the method to multi-layered structures is attempted and discrepancies at low frequencies are depicted. Finally, the effect of poor mode distribution of the measurement rooms upon the estimated TL is examined in focus. Comparison is performed between TL values calculated with typical and intensely modified transmission rooms. The low-frequency improvement on measurements, when the second ones are used, is demonstrated.  相似文献
5.
Application of a line-shaped point spread function (PSF) to imaging of void defects in directly bonded wafers is considered. Two non-confocally adjusted spherical transducers are employed to implement an acoustic microscope operating in transmission with a time dependent point spread function, whose shape is optimized by both temporal apodization of the received signal and spatial apodization of the transducer aperture. Strong imaging artifacts resulting from the generation and detection of edge waves are eliminated in this way. It is shown by several examples that only a broadband system can be utilized in order to obtain a line-shaped PSF suitable for imaging.  相似文献
6.
Extraordinary acoustic transmission (EAT) has been investigated in a tunable bull's eye structure. We demonstrate that the transmission coefficient of acoustic waves can be modulated by a grating structure. When the grating is located at a distance of 0.5 mm from the base plate, the acoustic transmission shows an 8.77-fold enhancement compared to that by using a traditional bull's eye structure. When the distance increases to 1.5 mm, the transmission approaches zero, indicating a total reflection. Thus, we can make an efficient modulation of acoustic transmission from 0 to 877%. The EAT effects have been ascribed to the coupling of structure-induced resonance with the diffractive wave and the waveguide modes, as well as the Fabry-Perot resonances. As a potential application, the modulation of far-field collimation is illustrated in the proposed bull's eye structure.  相似文献
7.
In this work, we study the resonant transmission of acoustic waves through a plate with quasiperiodic surface corrugations. The transmission spectrum shows peculiar transmission peaks, which cannot be simply attributed to the coherent diffraction as recognized previously in structured hard plates (without sustaining internal modes), whereas come from the resonant excitation of the coupled Stoneley surface modes in the elastic plate. The excitation frequencies can be determined by the geometrical structure factor of the quasiperiodic lattice, combining with the dispersion relation of the surface modes.  相似文献
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