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李毅民 《应用声学》1995,14(4):34-37
由于建造消声室费用太高,如何在非消声室环境测量扬声器的特性是众多中小电声器材生产厂家极为关心的问题。本文介绍一种可在非消声室环境中进行测量的数字化的扬声器测量系统,本文论述了它的基本原理及两个关键问题,即激盛信号的选择以及对单位脉冲响应加窗的问题。本文还讨论了窗口的宽度和形状对所测扬声器频率特性的影响,及对测量房间的要求。  相似文献
2.
Based on the strain invariant relationship and taking the high-order elastic energy into account, a nonlinear wave equation is derived, in which the excitation, linear damping, and the other nonlinear terms are regarded as the first-order correction to the linear wave equation. To solve the equation, the biggest challenge is that the secular terms exist not only in the fundamental wave equation but also in the harmonic wave equation (unlike the Duffing oscillator, where they exist only in the fundamental wave equation). In order to overcome this difficulty and to obtain a steady periodic solution by the perturbation technique, the following procedures are taken: (i) for the fundamental wave equation, the secular term is eliminated and therefore a frequency response equation is obtained; (ii) for the harmonics, the cumulative solutions are sought by the Lagrange variation parameter method. It is shown by the results obtained that the second- and higher-order harmonic waves exist in a vibrating bar, of which the amplitude increases linearly with the distance from the source when its length is much more than the wavelength; the shift of the resonant peak and the amplitudes of the harmonic waves depend closely on nonlinear coefficients; there are similarities to a certain extent among the amplitudes of the odd- (or even-) order harmonics, based on which the nonlinear coefficients can be determined by varying the strain and measuring the amplitudes of the harmonic waves in different locations.  相似文献
3.
付志强  林书玉  陈时  鲜晓军  张小丽  王勇 《物理学报》2012,61(19):194301-194301
本文利用集中质量法对弹性纵波在一维指数形截面有限周期声子晶体中的传播进行了研究, 得到了频率响应函数的表达式. 与一维等截面的声子晶体相比, 指数形变截面声子晶体带隙内的衰减值随着输出端截面积的增大而减小, 同时带隙的起始频率降低而截止频率升高, 也即带隙的宽度会得到拓展. 晶格常数和材料组份比变化时, 变截面声子晶体带隙的起始频率和截止频率的变化趋势与等截面时的声子晶体相同. 希望本文的研究能够推动声子晶体在减振降噪等领域中的应用.  相似文献
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