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1.
干涉法测量低频表面波的衰减系数   总被引:17,自引:12,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
苗润才  时坚  赵晓凤 《光子学报》2005,34(3):382-385
对于频率为几十赫兹的低频衰减液体表面波,结合激光干涉法和激光扫描法,实验得到反衬度很高的调制干涉图样,理论上给出了干涉图样的条纹宽度,条纹分布范围与表面声波振幅之间的解析关系,实时测量了液体表面波的衰减系数.  相似文献
2.
液体表面低频声波的非线性声光效应   总被引:7,自引:5,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
苗润才  滕晓丽  叶青 《光子学报》2003,32(10):1264-1267
实现了液体表面上低频声波的光衍射,得到了稳定的、具有高阶衍射的高反衬衍射图样.理论上首次考虑到表面声波中的高次谐波,得到了相应的非线性条件下衍射强度分布的解析表达式,并将这种非线性理论与实验结果进行对比.对比结果表明,非线性理论与实验结果有更高的吻合程度.  相似文献
3.
触摸屏技术浅谈   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
 随着计算机技术的发展,计算机的输入方式由原来的打纸带输入到键盘输入、到鼠标输入、再到现在的触摸输入,共经历了四个阶段。这个过程是一个从专业到普及的过程,触摸屏技术(TouchScreenTechnology)让更多的人使用上了计算机。触摸屏是一种交互输入设备,用户只需用手指或光笔触摸屏的某位置即可控制计算机的运行。因此,触摸屏技术具有操作简单,使用灵活的特点。一、触摸屏技术的基本原理触摸屏的本质是传感技术。一般根据传感器的类型,将触摸屏分为四类:电阻式触摸屏、电容式触摸屏、红外线式触摸屏和表面声波触摸屏。  相似文献
4.
低频水下声信号的激光探测   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
 根据表面波声光效应的原理,提出了一种低频水下声信号的激光探测技术,并建立了实验装置。在几十赫兹的低频段,对水下声源所产生的表面声波进行了探测。实验过程中,利用MATLAB软件对拍摄的衍射图样进行扫描分析,得到了衍射图样中条纹的像素差。根据波长与条纹间距的解析关系式,得到了低频液体表面声波波长,其大小在毫米量级。利用计算机编程,根据最小二乘法拟合色散关系的回归曲线,测量结果与理论色散关系吻合。该方法具有实时、非接触的特点。  相似文献
5.
肖夏  陶冶  孙远 《中国物理 B》2014,(10):428-432
The surface acoustic wave (SAW) technique is a precise and nondestructive method to detect the mechanical charac- teristics of the thin low dielectric constant (low-k) film by matching the theoretical dispersion curve with the experimental dispersion curve. In this paper, the influence of sample roughness on the precision of SAW mechanical detection is inves- tigated in detail. Random roughness values at the surface of low-k film and at the interface between this low-k film and the substrate are obtained by the Monte Carlo method. The dispersive characteristic of SAW on the layered structure with rough surface and rough interface is modeled by numerical simulation of finite element method. The Young's moduli of the Black DiamondTM samples with different roughness values are determined by SAWs in the experiment. The results show that the influence of sample roughness is very small when the root-mean-square (RMS) of roughness is smaller than 50 nm and correlation length is smaller than 20 μm. This study indicates that the SAW technique is reliable and precise in the nondestructive mechanical detection for low-k films.  相似文献
6.
Peristaltic motion induced by a surface acoustic wave of a viscous, compressible and electrically conducting Maxwell fluid in a confined parallel-plane microchannel through a porous medium is investigated in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The slip velocity is considered and the problem is discussed only for the free pumping case. A perturbation technique is employed to analyze the problem in terms of a small amplitude ratio. The phenomenon of a “backward flow” is found to exist in the center and at the boundaries of the channel. In the second order approximation, the net axial velocity is calculated for various values of the fluid parameters. Finally, the effects of the parameters of interest on the mean axial velocity, the reversal flow, and the perturbation function are discussed and shown graphically. We find that in the non-Newtonian regime, there is a possibility of a fluid flow in the direction opposite to the propagation of the traveling wave. This work is the most general model of peristalsis created to date with wide-ranging applications in biological, geophysical and industrial fluid dynamics.  相似文献
7.
通过采用将入射光掠入射到频率为几百赫兹的衰减低频液体表面波上,观察到了清晰的间距分布具有明显非对称性的衍射条纹。当入射光掠入射到低频液体表面上时,衍射图样非对称分布具有普遍性。理论上得到了考虑表面波衰减影响后观察屏处衍射光强分布的解析表达式。理论结果表明:衍射图样的这种非对称分布与衍射级次、入射光波波长、液体表面波波长及表面波衰减系数有关;正负级次衍射亮条纹距离中央零级亮条纹的间距体现表面波衰减信息;正衍射级次之间以及负衍射级次之间的条纹间距体现表面波波长信息。利用所提出的方法实现了对几百赫兹液体表面波的衰减系数的实时便捷测量。  相似文献
8.
Based on D.P. Chen and Haus' theory, a theoretical method was presented to analyze dispersion characteristics of SH-type surface acoustic waves (SAWs) propagating on periodic metallic grating structures with a variational principle and coupling-of-modes equation. Without using complicated Green's function, the calculating results of the method agree well with those of Hashimoto's theory. On the other hand, Hashimoto's method is helpless for calculating the dispersion relation of short-circuited gratings on ST-90°X quartz etc. However, the method developed in this paper can successfully calculate it.  相似文献
9.
When a force is directly applied to the propagation surface of surface acoustic wave (SAW), the velocity of SAW is varied. Then the loading force can be introduced by effective material coefficients and the velocity of SAW is calculated via the general Green's Function. The experimental results accord with the above numerical calculation very well. It also shows that the propagation loss will increase with the force load, and the velocity variation of SAW is proportional to the force loaded to the surfaces of SAW resonators, which has a high sensitivity about 5.97 m/s·N.  相似文献
10.
提出了一种可用于几百赫兹低频液体表面声波研究的激光衍射法测量新技术。在实验上采用入射光掠入射到表面波上在远场得到了中间亮,两边暗的高反衬度的衍射条纹,实验中发现对频率为几百赫兹的低频衰减液体表面波,当移动振源改变激光入射点与振源间距离时发现零级条纹消失,这意味着此时的衍射效率接近100%。在理论上给出了衍射光强度与表面波振幅的解析关系,并利用所提出的新技术实现了对几百赫兹液体表面波的衰减系数的实时测量。  相似文献
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