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A Broadband Geoacoustic Inversion Scheme   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
A geoacoustic inversion scheme, which combines several inversion methods together to invert for the bottomparameters, has been proposed based on the fact that the bottom acoustic parameters have different sensitivitiesto the different physical parameters of acoustic field. Firstly, the characteristic impedance of the bottom is invertedby measuring the vertical bottom reflective coefficients. Secondly, the derived bottom characteristic impedance isused as a constrained condition in another inversion procedure, which is very sensitive to the bottom sound speedbut less sensitive to the attenuation, to inverse the bottom sound speed and bottom density. Lastly, the bottomattenuation can be estimated from methods such as transmission loss data, the vertical correlation of propagationdata, and the normal mode attenuation. To obtain the characteristic impedance of the bottom accurately, vacuumglass spheres (VGS) are used as broadband sound sources, and a special mechanism is designed to trigger theVGS imploded at the preset depth. The inversion scheme has been successfully used for a set of sea experimentaldata. It shows that the inverted bottom parameters could distinguish the atlas marked bottom type quite well.The excellent comparison of the numerical results with the experimental data shows the validity of the invertedparameters.  相似文献
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利用液体中声空化现象制成的各类设备,有一个评估其性能优劣的问题.本文提出了基波谱级、谐波总声级、相对谐波总声级、内爆波谱级、总线谱声级和非线性转移效率几个参数的定义,并以这些参数来评估空化设备的性能.对统计测量上述参数的方法作了说明.  相似文献
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在实际使用时,为了减小流噪声对矢量水听器的影响,将其放置在流线型较好的导流罩内,因此对导流罩内矢量声场的计算是非常必要的。以水下弹性球壳为研究对象,从理论上研究了弹性薄球壳声透射对矢量水听器声场测量的影响;推导了平面声波对弹性球壳声透射的矢量声场数学表达式,计算了不同壳体参数下内充水弹性球壳的声透射矢量声场对矢量水听器各通道声波接收响应幅值和相位以及各通道接收指向性的影响。理论分析表明,弹性薄球壳透射声场对矢量水听器接收声场的影响与壳体机械阻抗和水听器安装位置密切相关,水听器安装偏差对其声场测量影响比较大。  相似文献
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