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1.
Ni、Co/AAO纳米有序阵列复合结构光吸收特性的比较研究   总被引:5,自引:3,他引:2  
在多孔阳极氧化铝(AAO)模板中分别沉积金属镍(Ni)、钴(Co),制备了Ni/AAO和Co/AAO纳米有序阵列复合结构,对其光吸收特性进行了比较研究。实验结果表明.相同结构参量的模板中,Ni、Co纳米粒子的表观形状随沉积时间的变化规律基本一致.但Co/AAO及Ni/AAO复合结构的光吸收特性却有较大差异。Ni/AAO复合结构表现出间接带隙半导体的光学特征.而Co/AAO复合结构具有直接带隙半导体的光学特征。同时,随金属沉积量的增加,Ni/AAO吸收边的红移量仅约为13nm.而Co/AAO复合结构的吸收边红移量却超过了80nm。用Maxwell-Garnett(M-G)理论分析了导致二者光吸收特性存在较大差异的主要原因。  相似文献
2.
Ag/AAO纳米有序阵列复合结构等效光学参量的确定   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
引入厚度偏差Δd, 修正了薄膜透射率表达式.基于Ag/AAO纳米有序阵列复合结构实验透射光谱(500—2700nm)的两条极值包络线, 定义了一个优化函数, 结合最优化数值算法尝试确定具有较强吸收的Ag/AAO纳米有序阵列复合结构的等效光学参量. 由此计算了该结构的等效折射率n、等效消光系数k、平均等效厚度d以及厚度偏差Δd. 该方法对Ag/AAO纳米复合结构平均等效厚度的相对计算误差仅为0.3%, 与实测厚度基本一致, 且Ag/AAO纳米复合结构的模拟透射谱与实验透射光谱在500—2700nm波段范围内相符. 这表明该计算方法可有效确定Ag/AAO纳米复合结构的等效光学参量, 并与实验结果是自洽的.  相似文献
3.
LiFePO4纳米管的制备与表征   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
采用溶胶凝胶法在氧化铝模板中成功的制备了LiFePO4一维纳米管阵列.扫描电子显微镜和透射电子显微镜表征结果表明所制备的LiFePO4纳米管具有单分散性,互相平行,高度有序。综合选区电子衍射、X射线衍射以及X光线能谱表征结果,所制备的LiFePO4纳米管为单一的橄榄石型结构.这种在室温和温和条件下合成的一维LiFePO4纳米管,可以做为新型的锂离子电池正极材料.  相似文献
4.
Three kinds of laser boronizing composite coatings were in situ synthesized on Ti substrate by using powders of B, BN and B4C as starting materials. Microstructures of the laser boronizing composite coatings were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM); and their worn surface morphologies were also observed by using SEM. Moreover, the friction and wear behavior of the boronizing composite coatings under dry sliding condition were evaluated using a UMT-2MT friction and wear tester. It was found that all the three types of laser boronizing composite coatings had higher microhardness and better wear resistance than pure Ti substrate; and their microstructure and wear resistance varied with varying pre-placed powders of B, BN, and B4C. Under the same dry sliding test conditions, the wear resistance of the three kinds of laser boronizing composite coatings, i.e., sample 1 prepared from pre-placed B, sample 2 obtained from pre-placed BN, and sample 3 fabricated from pre-placed B4C, is ranked in an order of sample 1 > sample 2 > sample 3, which, surprisingly, well conforms to their order of hardness and friction coefficients.  相似文献
5.
双酰胺稀土配合物的合成及荧光性能   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0  
为寻求发光性能良好的配合物,设计合成了一种新的双酰胺配体1,4-二 苯(L),并在氯仿和乙酸乙酯溶液中合成了其与硝酸钐、硝酸铕和硝酸铽的发光稀土配合物。元素分析数据表明稀土硝酸盐与配体形成的是 1 : 1 型的配合物;红外光谱显示配合物具有相似的配位结构。对配体及其配合物的荧光进行了详细的研究,结果表明:钐、铕和铽配合物分别呈现出Sm3+、Eu3+、Tb3+的特征发射,铕离子处于不对称中心格位,硝酸铽配合物荧光相对强度最大。  相似文献
6.
The undoped and Al-doped ZnO nanostructures were fabricated on the ITO substrates pre-coated with ZnO seed layers using the hydrothermal method. The undoped well-aligned ZnO nanorods were synthesized. When introducing the Al dopant, ZnO shows various morphologies. The morphology of ZnO changes from aligned nanorods, tilted nanorods, nanotubes/nanorods to the nanosheets when the Al doping concentrations increase. The ZnO nanostructures were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, photoluminescence and Raman technology. The Al doping concentrations play an important role on the morphology and optical properties of ZnO nanostructures. The possible growth mechanism of the ZnO nanostructures was discussed.  相似文献
7.
As an interlayer in the gradient layers such as AlN/Ti/TiN/DLC prepared by plasma-based ion implantation (PBII) on 2024 aluminum alloy, titanium layer plays an important role in enhancing adhesion, reducing thermal stress, limiting the crack propagation, etc. A series of dual-layers prepared by PBII with nitrogen then titanium at various sputtering currents of titanium target on 2024 aluminum alloy have been reported in this paper. The composition distributions and the chemical states are analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The structures are studied with grazing X-ray diffraction (GXRD). The results show that PBII with titanium strongly depends on the sputtering current. It is found that there exists a critical sputtering current corresponding only to a titanium-implanted layer containing TiAl3. When the sputtering current exceeds the critical value, a titanium-deposited layer rich in -Ti is formed on a titanium-implanted layer. By controlling the sputtering current an appropriate titanium interlayer can be prepared to meet the requirement of forming a proper gradient layer.  相似文献
8.
Polyaniline (PANI) microstructures on ITO glass surface were achieved by microcontact printing of self-assembled film and electrochemical polymerization in an aqueous monoaniline solution. The patterned microstructures of PANI were easily transferred to an adhesive tape surface, which could be applied in the area of plastic circuit application. Optical microscope, atomic force microscopy (AFM), lateral force microscopy (LFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to examine the topography and properties of patterned PANI films. Optical microscope and AFM results showed that the PANI microstructure has regular pattern and clear boundary, while LFM and XPS results implied that this microstructure was completely covered by PANI. The data suggested that the interfacial properties of the surface control the rate of electrochemical polymerization, and the polymerization rate on the modified ITO surface is higher than that on the bare ITO area. In our experiments, cyclic voltammetric method, potentiostatic method and chronopotentiometry method were employed to deposited patterned PANI films on octadecyltrichorosilane modified ITO substrate.  相似文献
9.
In this communication, a new method for the deaggregation of detonation nanodiamond (ND) and some preliminary results using this method are presented. ND is firstly graphitized in nitrogen at 1000°C and then oxidized by air at 450°C to remove the surface graphite layer formed. The sample after such treatment was suspended in water by ultrasonics, and the particle-size distributions were measured. It has been found that the diameters of more than 50% of the ND particles can be reduced to less than 50 nm. From Fizika Tverdogo Tela, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2004, pp. 633–634. Original English Text Copyright ? 2004 by Kang Xu, Qunji Xue. This article was submitted by the authors in English.  相似文献
10.
Microarc oxidation coatings on AM60B magnesium alloy were prepared in silicate and phosphate electrolytes. Structure, composition, mechanical property, tribological, and corrosion resistant characteristics of the coatings was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and microhardness analyses, and by ball-on-disc friction and potentiodynamic corrosion testing. It is found that the coating produced from the silicate electrolyte is compact and uniform and is mainly composed of MgO and forsterite Mg2SiO4 phases, while the one formed in phosphate electrolyte is relatively porous and is mainly composed of MgO phase. The thick coating produced from a silicate electrolyte possesses a high hardness and provides a low wear rate (3.55 × 10−5 mm3/Nm) but a high friction coefficient against Si3N4 ball. A relatively low hardness and friction coefficient while a high wear rate (8.65 × 10−5 mm3/Nm) is recorded during the testing of the thick coating produced from a phosphate electrolyte. Both of these types of coatings provide effective protection for the corrosion resistance compared with the uncoated magnesium alloy. The coating prepared from the silicate electrolyte demonstrates better corrosion behavior due to the compacter microstructure.  相似文献
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