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1.
Image super-resolution based on local self-similarity   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
A new image super-resolution method based on a codebook mapping is proposed. The codebook mapping represents the internal relationship between low-and high-frequency image components, and is used for the estimation of highfrequency image components lost in the sampling process. In the proposed method, codebooks are first generated by the low-and high-frequency image components of the original image itself that is to be processed. Then, a resultant superresolution image, that is, an enlarged image, is obtained by combining the estimated high-frequency image components with the low-frequency ones obtained by a typical interpolation-based method. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by comparing it against some conventional methods.  相似文献
2.
溶胶凝胶合成锰掺杂ZnO的室温磁性行为   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
通过溶胶凝胶自燃法合成锰掺杂氧化锌纳米晶体, 研究了Mn掺杂ZnO稀磁半导体(简称DMS)的性质.X射线衍射光谱表明,锰掺杂氧化锌保留纤锌矿型状氧化锌六角晶体结构.采用能量色散X射线能谱和扫描电子显微镜分别对成分和形态进行研究.温度依赖的电阻率显示了DMS的半导体材料行为.振动样品磁强计测定的室温磁性行为,揭示了锰掺杂氧化锌的铁磁性和反磁性特性.  相似文献
3.
超声波信号渡越时间参数法测量空气中温度分布   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
超声波已成功在医疗、化工和无损探伤等领域得到广泛的应用。根据超声波在空气中的传播速度会随着温度改变而改变这一特点,本文把空气中的温度场作为研究对象,利用超声波信号在空气中的渡越时间参数TOF(Time of Flight)来对空气中的温度分布情况进行超声波CT画像的重建。  相似文献
4.
The effect of ultrasound on nucleation phenomena in the heat storage material Na2HPO4.12H2O was investigated by determining the primary nucleation probability and induction time, and by looking at heat generation phenomena in the initial stage of nucleation. The experimental results show that the primary nucleation probability dramatically increased, and the induction time decreased under the ultrasound irradiation, and in addition, the rate of temperature rise was dependent upon the ultrasonic output. Based on these results and the theoretical relationship between the number of primary nuclei and the heat generation rate, it is proposed that the number of primary nuclei depends upon the ultrasonic output.  相似文献
5.
Fresnel CGH for a three-dimensional (3-D) object is generated by calculating the Fresnel diffraction, but it requires a huge amount of calculation. This is one reason for the difficulty in realizing real-time holography. We propose fast calculation method of computer-generated Fresnel hologram (Fresnel CGH) utilizing distributed parallel processing and array operation. In our method, a projected image with depth information of the 3-D object is prepared to calculate the Fresnel diffraction. The Fresnel diffraction of the projected image is then calculated with depth information by array operation and distributed parallel processing. Parallel processing is realized using JavaSpaces and many standard computers. In our array operation, calculation error in phase distribution on a hologram occurs more than the strict Fresnel diffraction. However, it was confirmed by experiments that the influence of an error can be controlled and ignored. In this paper, our proposed method and some experimental results are shown.  相似文献
6.
Vacuum Correlations in Quantized Gravity   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The leading terms of some curvature vacuum correlation functions in n dimensional quantized higher-derivative gravity are calculated, resulting in that these correlation functions are not zero, and the relations on the graviton propagator and the vacuum correlations between the higher-derivative gravity and the R-gravity are discussed.  相似文献
7.
The article proposes a multispectral image compression scheme using nonlinear spectral transform for better colorimetric and spectral reproducibility. In the method, we show the reduction of colorimetric error under a defined viewing illuminant and also that spectral accuracy can be improved simultaneously using a nonlinear spectral transform called Labplus, which takes into account the nonlinearity of human color vision. Moreover, we show that the addition of diagonal matrices to Labplus can further preserve the spectral accuracy and has a generalized effect of improving the colorimetric accuracy under other viewing illuminants than the defined one. Finally, we discuss the usage of the first-order Markov model to form the analysis vectors for the higher order channels in Labplus to reduce the computational complexity. We implement a multispectral image compression system that integrates Labplus with JPEG2000 for high colorimetric and spectral reproducibility. Experimental results for a 16-band multispectral image show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.  相似文献
8.
Electroless deposition of Cu on poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fabric modified with 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane was investigated. Morphology, composition, structure, thermal decomposing behavior of copper coating PET fabric after ultrasonic washing in water for 1 h were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectrometer, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TG), respectively. Copper plating on modified fabric has good adherence stability and high electric conductivity before and after ultrasonic washing, while copper coating fabric without modification is easily destroyed during the washing process, which leads to the textile changing from conductor to dielectric. As the copper weight on the treated fabric is 28 g/m2, the shielding effectiveness (SE) is more than 54 dB at frequency ranging from 0.01 MHz to 18 GHz.  相似文献
9.
Tanaka G  Suetake N  Uchino E 《Optics letters》2008,33(17):1993-1995
A switching median filter is effective for impulse noise elimination while preserving edges and details of an image. In the switching median filter an impulse noise detector is employed before filtering, and the detection result is used to control whether a pixel should be filtered or not. However, the conventional impulse detector tends to misjudge noise-free pixels constructing line structures to be the noises. We propose a new random-valued impulse noise detector based on the minimum spanning tree, and it is applied to the switching median filtering to eliminate the impulse noise effectively even for the image including line structures. Through the experiments, the effectiveness of the proposed random-valued impulse noise detector is illustrated.  相似文献
10.
Simple multilevel halftoning excelled in gradation reproducibility   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
A simple multilevel halftoning method, which is based on the conventional error diffusion method and realizes halftoning excelled in the distribution of dots, is proposed. The proposed method consists of three steps, e.g., the image decomposition, the generation of binary halftone images by the error diffusion, and the synthesis of a multilevel halftone image, and each step does not require a complicated algorithm. The effectiveness of the proposed method is indicated by applying it to three- and four-level halftoning of gray-tone and natural images.  相似文献
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