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1.
Ge20Sb15Se65硫系玻璃光子晶体光纤的中红外色散特性   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
硫系玻璃与石英玻璃相比具有高折射率(2.0~3.5)、低声子能量(<350cm-1)、优良的中远红外透过性能(可至25μm)等特性.本文制备了一种在中红外具有优良透过特性的无As环保型Ge20Sb15Se65硫系玻璃材料,以此为基质材料设计了一种三层空气孔结构光子晶体光纤,利用多极法对光纤的中红外色散特性进行了数值模拟,系统研究了结构参量孔径d、孔间距Λ以及d/Λ对其色散特性的影响.分析表明:通过改变包层空气孔直径d或空气孔间距Λ,可灵活的调节光子晶体光纤的零色散波长向短波或长波方向移动.通过优化结构参量发现,当Λ=3μm,d/Λ=0.35附近变化时,可获得3~5μm色散平坦,且色散值小于5ps.nm-1.km-1的光子晶体光纤.  相似文献
2.
Gold nanoparticles are immobilized in the hydrophilic coronas of spherical micelle carriers for high catalytic activity. The micelle is formed by self-assembly of block copolymer, polystyrene-b-poly (acrylic acid), in basic aqueous solution (pH 10) and has a polystyrene core and a poly (acrylic acid) corona. The gold nanoparticles are anchored into the poly (acrylic acid) corona by in situ reduction of the mixture of HAuCl4 and micelle with NaBH4. The sizes of the gold nanoparticles can be adjusted by changing the content of the HAuCl4. In the process of catalyzing p-nitrophenol to p-aminophenol, the reaction shows one-order kinetics, furthermore, the reaction rate increases with the concentration of composites as well as reaction temperature. Comparing the composites with polystyrene as core and poly (4-vinylpyridine)/Au as corona, the catalytic activity of the present composites is higher, which is ascribed to their hydrophilic corona structure.  相似文献
3.
硫系玻璃与石英玻璃相比具有高折射率(2.0~3.5)、低声子能量 (<350 cm-1)、优良的中远红外透过性能(可至25 μm)等特性.本文制备了一种在中红外具有优良透过特性的无As环保型Ge20Sb15Se65硫系玻璃材料,以此为基质材料设计了一种三层空气孔结构光子晶体光纤,利用多极法对光纤的中红外色散特性进行了数值模拟,系统研究了结构参量孔径d、孔间距Λ 以及d/Λ 对其色散特性的影响.分析表明:通过改变包层空气孔直径d或空气孔间距Λ,可灵活的调节光子晶体光纤的零色散波长向短波或长波方向移动.通过优化结构参量发现,当Λ=3 μm,d/Λ=0.35 附近变化时,可获得3~5 μm色散平坦,且色散值小于5 ps·nm-1·km-1的光子晶体光纤.  相似文献
4.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been produced by the tunneling of cobalt nanoparticles in carbon fibers that are derived from electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers. During annealing, the PAN fibers transform to a composite of cobalt nanodroplets and carbon fibers. Driven by the high chemical potential of wrinkled graphene platelets and amorphous carbon with respect to graphite, the cobalt nanodroplets are to tunnel in the carbon fibers. When cobalt nanodroplets have an elongated shape, carbon atoms dissolved in the droplets precipitate preferentially and completely at their lateral sides, producing perfect CNTs that form bulk structures.  相似文献
5.
钯催化Suzuki反应合成得到一种9,9-二乙基-2,7二-(4-吡啶)芴(DPFP)荧光染料,研究了该染料的吸收和荧光光学特性,以及DPFP掺杂DNA-CTMA薄膜的荧光光谱特性和放大自发辐射特性.实验结果表明:DPFP的吸收峰位于333nm,DPFP的荧光光谱在370 nm和386 nm出现荧光峰,在408 nm出现肩峰,存在从激发态S1能级到基态S0能级的S10-S00,S10-S01和S10-S02三种振动带的电子跃迁;同时,在Nd:YAG纳秒激光器355 nm输出光的泵浦下,DPFP掺杂DNA-CTMA薄膜在波长390 nm和406 nm处实现了放大自发辐射,其阈值能量密度分别为3.24和3.40 mJ/cm2;此外,通过调节DPFP掺杂DNA-CTMA的质量比可以实现特定波长的放大自发辐射.  相似文献
6.
In this paper, a non-toxic Ce-based conversion coating was obtained on the surface of bio-medical AZ31 magnesium alloys. The micro-morphology of the coating prepared with optimal technical parameters and immersed in physiological solution (Hank's solution) in different time was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), composition of the cerium conversion coating and corrosion products in Hank's solution were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. In addition, the corrosion property in Hank's solution was studied by electrochemical experiment and immersion test. The results show that the dense Ce-based conversion coating is obtained on the surface of AZ31 magnesium alloys in optimal technical parameters and the conversion coating consists of a mass of trivalent and tetravalent cerium oxides. The cerium conversion coating can provide obvious protection of magnesium alloys and can effectively reduce the degradation speed in Hank's solution. Also the degradation products have little influence on human body.  相似文献
7.
冯绍杰  杨武 《光谱实验室》2011,28(4):2059-2062
采用草酸共沉淀法制备了纳米MFe2O4(M=Ni,Zn)立方尖晶石粉体,分别用XRD、XPS等手段对所合成样品的相结构、表面元素状态进行了表征。Fe2p、O1s的XPS分析表明,氧化物表面存在Fe2+及吸附态氧物种,氧空位的存在是形成反式尖晶石结构所致。  相似文献
8.
在水相中制备了半导体CdTe纳米晶,核 壳型CdTe/CdS和CdTe/ZnS纳米晶(即量子点;QDs).利用扫描隧道显微镜(STM)和荧光光谱(FS)对合成的纳米晶量子点进行了研究,并且根据FS的数据进行了量子效率的计算.STM的结果表明合成的量子点直径约为3 nm并且分布良好.为了提高量子效率,对Cd2+浓度和Cd2+∶S2-比例等反应条件进行了研究,结果表明随着回流时间的增加,核 壳型量子点CdTe/CdS的量子效率总体上呈下降趋势.CdTe/CdS在pH8.5,Cd2+∶S2-=10∶1(摩尔比)时可获得80.0%的最大量子效率.同时制备了核 壳型量子点CdTe/ZnS,其最大发射波长由551 nm(CdTe)红移到635 nm(CdTe/ZnS)表明量子点的尺寸在增长,但是量子效率下降到14.4%. 当前研究的量子点可适用于生物标记,生物成像,以及基于共振能量转移的生物传感研究.  相似文献
9.
Theoretical investigation on a series of oligothienoacenes has been carried out at the B3LYP/6-31G* level by considering the influence of the external electric field. With the electric field increasing, the carbon-carbon single bonds become shorter and the carbon-carbon double bonds become longer, resulting in a better conjugation. Due to the different electron density, the charge mobility of the sulfur is more obvious than that of the carbon. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gap decreases with the EF intensity increasing. The applied EF also changes the spatial distribution of the molecular orbits: LUMO and several higher orbitals shift to the high potential side, whereas HOMO and several lower ones shift to the low potential side. All these features behave more pronounced with increasing conjugated chain length.  相似文献
10.
This paper investigates the erosion performance of electro-thermal explosion directional spraying (EEDS) cermet WC/Co coatings using an air solid particle erosion rig. The influences of the different parameters such as impact angle, impingement velocity, environment temperature, particle diameter, on the erosion property of the coatings were studied. The eroded surfaces were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and the erosion mechanisms were discussed. The structure and bond characters of the coatings were also determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and SEM.The results indicate that the EEDS WC/Co coatings are characterized by fine grain structure, good metallurgical bond and brittle erosion character. The erosion rates of the coatings decrease with temperature increasing and increase with impact angle and impingement velocity increasing. At elevated temperature, the oxidation happens on the coatings surface, which affects the erosion behavior.  相似文献
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