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1.
In this paper, PMMA/ZnO nanocomposites have been prepared by a very simple, facile and versatile chemical approach. The prepared PMMA/ZnO nanocomposites possess no color, high transparency, good thermal stability, UV-shielding capability, luminescence and homogeneity. The chemical process involved solution mixing of ZnO nanoparticles dispersed in DMAc with the Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) matrix dissolved in the same solvent. The effect of ZnO content on the physical properties of the PMMA matrix is investigated by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, UV–Vis absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy. It was found that pure hexagonal ZnO nanoparticles with an average particle size of 4–8 nm were homogeneously dispersed in the PMMA matrix. A significant improvement in thermal properties was observed with the incorporation of 1.0 wt% ZnO nanoparticles. The prepared nanocomposite films are highly transparent and a clear excitonic peak is observed in their absorption spectra. Measurement of room temperature photoluminescence spectra shows intensive near-band edge emission peak at 3.28 eV without any structural defects for a nanocomposite film with a filler content of 1.0 wt%.  相似文献
2.
利用同步辐射光电离质谱结合理论计算, 研究了异亮氨酸的真空紫外光诱导电离解离.在光子能量为13 eV的质谱中探测到了m/z=86、75、74、69、57、46、45、44、41、30、28、18的碎片离子.对于异亮氨酸的主要碎片离子为:C5H12N+ (m/z=86)、C2H5NO4+ (m/z=75)、C5H9+ (m/z=69)、C4H9+(m/z=57)和CH4N+(m/z=30).由光电离效率曲线得到出现势分别为:8.84±0.07、9.25±0.06、10.20±0.12、9.25±0.10、11.05±0.07 eV.结合量化理论计算(B3LYP/6-31++G(d,p)),详细给出了它们可能的生成路径.这些解离通道包括简单的键断裂反应和涉及中间体、过渡态的反应,实验值和理论计算的离子出现能或势垒一致.  相似文献
3.
韩玉岩  曹亮  徐法强  陈铁锌  郑志远  万力  刘凌云 《物理学报》2012,61(7):78103-078103
在分子束外延(MBE)系统中, 利用物理气相沉积(PVD)的方法在阳极氧化铝(AAO)模板上制备了有机 染料分子苝四甲酸二酐(PTCDA)的不同纳米结构; 并使用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、透射电子显微镜(TEM)、 高分辨透射电子显微镜(HRTEM)以及选区电子衍射(SAED)技术进行了系统的研究. 结果发现, 当衬底温度(Ts)为330 ℃时得到的是纳米丝、针、带以及棒; Ts为280 ℃, 230 ℃, 180 ℃时得到的主要是纳米棒, 并且纳米棒的长度随Ts的降低而变短; Ts为50 ℃时只能得到连续的PTCDA薄膜. HRTEM以及SAED结果证实了纳米针与棒为单晶. 依据SEM结果, 提出纳米结构的生成主要受Ts以及衬底表面曲率的影响.  相似文献
4.
为了测量受空间电荷效应支配的发射度,合肥光源高亮度注入器采用了狭缝法进行测量,研究了基于狭缝法发射度测量系统的构成,并以实例比较了单狭缝和多狭缝在发射度测量系统中的应用。两种测量方法的结果表明:单狭缝法测量的结果更接近于模拟计算值,可有效避免子束团之间的重叠,适用范围更广。实验结果表明:在240pC电荷量情况下,合肥光源高亮度注入器仍然具有较小的归一化发射度,为(1.84±0.085)mm.mrad。  相似文献
5.
 针对采用脉冲堆积法进行激光脉冲整形后获取的宏脉冲,介绍了基于条纹相机观测其纵向分布的基本原理。阐述了测量系统中的硬件配置功能以及脉冲堆积原理,并描述了使用条纹相机专用软件测量激光脉冲的详细步骤和操作界面。研究了测量系统中时序控制的调试对观测脉冲堆积后的宏脉冲的影响并给出了测量结果和测量误差分析。结果表明:采用脉冲堆积法所获得的激光脉冲整形效果非常理想,整形前激光脉冲的半高全宽值约为3.82 ps,整形后约为15.3 ps,且平顶部分的脉宽为11.5 ps,上升沿和下降沿均为1.9 ps。  相似文献
6.
为了减小同步光尺寸对同步光位置检测器灵敏度的影响,合肥光源新研制了一种交错刀片型光位置检测器,并使用成熟的商业化产品Libera Photon进行后续的数据处理和输出。基于传统计算光位置信号的差比和方法,提出了比值和对数比两种新的计算方法,理论模拟了3种计算方法下交错刀片型光位置检测器的性能。在线标定结果与理论计算结果相符,并在机器研究光束线进行了初步的应用研究。  相似文献
7.
 合肥光源的运行模式是多束团运行模式,光开关系统可以从多束团中选取单个束团提供给条纹相机测量和研究。由于条纹相机光阴极易损坏,光开关系统的使用,极大地降低了输入光功率,有效地保护了光阴极。介绍了光开关的工作原理,根据合肥光源光脉冲的波长、重复频率、束团尺寸以及束团长度,进行了光开关系统设计。介绍了电光调制器的特性、高压驱动单元和高速同步分频器的性能、系统准直和调试过程,并给出了示波器和条纹相机的测量结果。  相似文献
8.
The VUV double photoionizations of small molecules (NO,CO,CO2 ,CS2 ,OSC and NH3 ) were investigated with photoionization mass spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation. The double ionization energies of molecules were determined with photoionization efficiency spectroscopy. The total energies of these molecules and their parent dications (NO2+ ,CO2+ ,CO2+2 ,CS2+2 ,OSC2+ and NH2+3 ) were calculated using the Gaussian 03 program and Gaussian 2 calculations. Then,the adiabatic double ionization energies of the molecules were predicated by using high accuracy energy mode. The experimental double ionization energies of these small molecules were all in reasonable agreement with their respective calculated adiabatic double ionization energies. The mechanisms of double photoionization of these molecules were discussed based on a comparison of our experimental results with those predicted theoretically. The equilibrium geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies of molecules and their parent dications were calculated by using the MP2 (full) method. The differences in configurations between these molecules and their parent dications were also discussed on the basis of theoretical calculations.  相似文献
9.
VUV double photoionization of CHF2Cl in an energy region 32–40 eV was investigated with photoionization mass spectroscopy by using synchrotron radiation. The double ionization energy of CHF2Cl and appearance energies for its main fragment dications (CHCl2+, CF22+ and CHFCl2+), were determined with photoionization efficiency spectroscopy for the first time. The single point energies of CHF2Cl and its parent dication (CHF2Cl2+) were calculated using Gaussian 03 program and density functional theory (DFT and B3LYP functional). The vertical double ionization energy of CHF2Cl was predicted by using B3LYP method and empirical equation. According to our research results, the experimental double ionization energy of CHF2Cl is in good agreement with the theoretically calculated vertical double ionization energy. The mechanism of double photoionization of CHF2Cl was discussed based on the comparison of our experimental results with those predicted theoretically.  相似文献
10.
 根据同步光与储存环中的束流信号具有相同的时间结构的原理,测量同步光脉冲的半高全宽值可以计算出束团的长度。根据合肥光源的特点和实际需要,选择快速光电接收器搭配高速高带宽示波器作为在线测量束团长度和纵向分布等的主要手段。对单束团模式下束团长度随流强和高频腔腔压的变化趋势进行了测量。测量结果表明:束团长度与腔压的0.3次方成反比,比理论值0.5小;而束团长度随流强的增长率为2.0 ps/mA。通过测量纵向量子寿命进行了能散随流强变化的间接测量,结果表明,束团的拉伸是能散变化和势阱效应共同作用的结果。  相似文献
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