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张彩红  盛毅  田红  徐耀  吕春祥  吴忠华 《物理学报》2011,60(3):36101-036101
通过全谱拟合法对碳纤维制备过程中不同阶段纤维的XRD谱图进行处理,得到不同阶段纤维的微观结构参数,研究了聚丙烯腈(PAN)基碳纤维制备过程中晶态结构的演变.全谱拟合法基于晶体衍射的严格物理理论,拟合目标为整个衍射谱,并不是个别衍射峰,所得结果具有更高的可信度.研究结果表明:PAN原丝中的高分子链沿纤维轴高度取向,表观晶粒尺寸为6.5 nm左右;经过预氧化处理,纤维中的有序结构遭到破坏,表观晶粒尺寸锐减.纤维中逐渐形成梯形结构并沿纤维轴取向,从而形成新的有序结构;经过碳化处理后,环状梯形结构转变为碳的层状结 关键词: 碳纤维 晶体结构 XRD 全谱拟合法  相似文献
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Conventional methods of recording linearly modulated (LM) optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) require control over either the exciting light intensity, or the ability to pulse the source. For many light sources (e.g. constant-power CW lasers, arc lamps and synchrotrons) this can be problematic. Directly analogous results to LM-OSL can, however, be achieved with non-modulated excitation sources, by ramping the sample period (RSP) of luminescence detection. RSP-OSL has the distinct advantage over LM-OSL in that, since the excitation remains at full power, data accumulation times (that can be considerable) can be reduced by typically 50%. RSP methods are universally applicable and can be employed, for example, where the excitation source is constant heat, rather than light: here, iso-thermal decay of phosphorescence becomes recorded as a sequence of peaks, corresponding to de-trapping of charge from different defect levels, and is particularly useful for analysing shallow-trap effects. RSP methods are also useful in providing significant compaction of data sets, where signal analysis is required of overlapping systems having a wide range of decay kinetics.  相似文献
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Photoemission studies reveal the existences of metallic Rb4C60 and Rb5C60 surface phases on the top layer of C60 single crystal. After Rb3C60 thin film with thickness of nanometers has formed on the (1 1 1) surface layers of the C60 single crystal, the excess deposition of Rb atoms do not induce the bulk-like face-centered cubic to body-centered tetragonal or body-centered cubic structure transitions at room temperature. The large size of C60 molecule offers the surface vacancies for the formation of Rb4C60 and Rb5C60 monolayer that is further verified by Rb 3d core-level photoemission measurements. Valence band photoemission results exhibit the surface phases are metallic.  相似文献
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Nickel-doped ZnO (Zn1−xNixO) have been produced using rf magnetron sputtering. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that nickel atoms were successfully incorporated into ZnO host matrix without forming any detectable secondary phase. Ni 2p core-level photoemission spectroscopy confirmed this result and suggested Ni has a chemical valence of 2+. According to the magnetization measurements, no ferromagnetic but paramagnetic behavior was found for Zn0.86Ni0.14O. We studied the electronic structure of Zn0.86Ni0.14O by valence-band photoemission spectroscopy. The spectra demonstrate a structure at ∼2 eV below the Fermi energy EF, which is of Ni 3d origin. No emission was found at EF, suggesting the insulating nature of the film.  相似文献
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(CO+Cs)/Ru(1010)共吸附的体系中,CO分子由于受Cs原了强烈影响,分子轨道发生重新杂化组合,CO分子原来在清洁Ru(1010)表面上结合能位于7.57eV处相重叠的5σ和1π轨道对应谱峰分裂为两峰结合能分别位于6.3和7.8eV处,其中6.3eV处的谱峰来自CO分子1π轨道的一支,它显示出该分子轨道沿衬底〈001〉晶向的镜面反对称性,CO分子1π轨道的另一支和5σ轨道在结合能7.8e  相似文献
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The electronic structure of (Zn,Mn)O films with different Mn concentrations has been investigated by element-selective soft X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. The band gap narrowing of (Zn,Mn)O with increase of Mn concentration (<20% Mn) is attributed to the Mn doping and sp-d exchange interactions. According to analysis of the O Kα and resonant Mn L2,3 X-ray emission spectra, the splitting of Mn 3d subbands is related to Mn-derived states. It indicates that ferromagnetic coupling in (Zn,Mn)O can be taken into account to be carrier-induced. The presence of antiferromagnetism in the heavier Mn-doped films can be explained in terms of the existence of MnO secondary phases.  相似文献
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We have measured the synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectra of monolayer C60on Ag(100), By calculating the intensity ratios between the LUMO bands and the two deeper bands (HOMO and HOMO- 1), we estimate the amount of the charges transferred from Ag(100) to C60 within the range of 1 e to 1.8 e. The results dismay the expectation of surface superconductivity and afford a good reference for further studies of the monolayer C60/Ag(100) system.  相似文献
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The title compounds (Sr0.96−xBa0.04)Al12−yMgyO19:Tbx (0<x<0.4; 0<y<0.18) are single-phase magnetoplumbite determined by X-ray powder diffraction analysis. The characteristic emission lines of 5D37Fj (j=2, 3, 4, 5) and 5D47Fj (j=4, 5, 6) of Tb3+ are recorded under the VUV excitation. The intensive luminescence mainly comes from 5D37Fj transition when the concentration of Tb3+ is low. However, when the concentration of Tb3+ starts to increase from very low concentration, 5D47Fj transition is becoming dominant. Three broad excitation bands at 165, 193 and 233 nm have been observed. The band at 165 nm originates from the overlap between the host absorption and the charge transfer of Tb3+-O2−. The other two broad bands are the first spin-allowed and the spin-forbidden of 4f-5d transition, respectively. The experimental observation of the 4f-5d transition of Tb3+ is consistent well with the theoretical expectations.  相似文献
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The voltage tunability of Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)1-xTixO3 single crystals is investigated at a low electric field (<130 V/cm) in a low frequency range (<1 MHz). The results show that the capacitance is strongly suppressed by the applied dc biases for both the rhombohedral sample and the tetragonal sample. A negative voltage tunability is only detected in the tetragonal sample. The origin of the giant tunability and the negative tunability is discussed based on the multipolarization-mechanism model and the equivalent circuit model, respectively. It is ascribed to the interfacial polarization at the interface of electrode/sample.  相似文献
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