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1.
罗绍凯 《中国物理快报》2007,24(9):2463-2466
For a Lagrangian system with the action of small disturbance, the Lie symmetrical perturbation and a new type of non-Noether adiabatic invariant are presented in general infinitesimal transformation groups. On the basis of the invariance of disturbed Lagrangian systems under general infinitesimal transformations, the determining equations of Lie symmetries of the system are constructed. Based on the definition of higher-order adiabatic invariants of a mechanical system, a new type of adiabatic invariant, i.e. generalized Lutzky adiabatic invariants, of a disturbed Lagrangian system are obtained by investigating the perturbation of Lie symmetries t'or a Lagrangian system with the action of small disturbance. Finally, an example is given to illustrate the application of the method and results.  相似文献
2.
罗绍凯 《中国物理快报》2007,24(11):3017-3020
For a nonholonomic mechanics system with the action of small disturbance, the Lie symmetrical perturbation and adiabatic invariants of generalized Hojman type are studied under general infinitesimal transformations of groups in which the generalized coordinates and time are variable. On the basis of the invariance of disturbed nonholonomic dynamical equations under general infinitesimal transformations, the determining equations, the constrained restriction equations and the additional restriction equations of Lie symmetries of the system are constructed, which only depend on the variables t, qs and q^.s. Based on the definition of higher-order adiabatic invariants of a mechanical system, the perturbation of Lie symmetries for a nonholonomic system with the action of small disturbance is investigated, and the Lie symmetrical adiabatic invariants, the weakly Lie symmetrical adiabatic invariants and the strongly Lie symmetrical adiabatic invariants of generalized Hojman type of disturbed nonholonomic systems are obtained. An example is given to illustrate applications of the results.  相似文献
3.
We fabricated an actuator that was made from polyurethane (PU) with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as the filler. To improve the dispersion of the CNTs, a mild hydrothermal treatment was carried out. Carboxyl and hydroxyl groups were introduced to the surface of the CNTs, and they were found to be highly dispersed in polar solvents such as dimethylformamide. To evaluate these films, we mainly focused on electrical properties, such as dielectric spectroscopy, space charge measurements, and actuator behavior. We found that the PU/CNTs film bents toward the cathode when an electric field was applied, and it reverted to its original position when the electric field was removed. Upon the inclusion of the CNTs as the filler for the polymer, the electrical properties of the films improved significantly. The highly polarized films had a high relative permittivity, and this produced a higher Maxwell pressure, which assisted the actuation. A high accumulated charge density was observed from space charge measurements in some of the films, and this explains the bending direction and the actuation mechanism.  相似文献
4.
Corn-like cellulose nanocrystals/silver (CNC/Ag) nanocomposites were prepared by formic acid/hydrochloric acid hydrolysis of commercial microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), and redox reaction with silver ammonia aqueous solution (Ag(NH3)2(OH)) in one-pot green synthesis, in which the preparation and modification of CNCs were performed simultaneously and the resultant modified CNCs could be as reducing, stabilizing and supporting agents for silver nanoparticles. The influences of the Ag+ ion concentrations on the morphology, microstructure, and properties of the CNC/Ag nanocomposites were investigated. It is found that corn-like CNC/Ag nanocomposites containing Ag nanoparticles with diameter of about 20–40 nm were obtained. Compared to the MCCs, high crystallinity of 88.5 % and the maximum degradation temperature (T max) of 364.5 °C can be achieved. Moreover, the CNC/Ag nanocomposites showed strong antibacterial activity against both Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus. Furthermore, such nanocomposites can act as bifunctional nanofillers to improve thermal stability, mechanical property, and antibacterial activity of commercial poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and poly(lactic acid).  相似文献
5.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) appear to be ideal tip materials of atomic force microscopy (AFM) due to their small diameter and high stiffness. In this study, double-walled carbon nanotube (DWCNT) structures with different lengths of inner and outer layers are proposed as AFM tips. Both the vibration response and mode shapes of the tipped nanotubes under axial compression are studied by a theoretical nanobeam model. The results show that the natural frequencies of DWCNTs are significantly affected by the compressive loads and the length difference between the inner and outer nanotubes. The natural frequency associated with certain vibrational modes decreases with increasing compressive loads. This research may provide a useful reference for practical design for AFM tips with CNTs.  相似文献
6.
李立群  刘爱萍  赵海新  崔灿  唐为华 《物理学报》2012,61(10):108201-108201
采用电化学方法在导电的ITO/TiO2 薄膜上沉积了棕红色CdSe薄膜, 并制得TiO2/CdSe多层膜体系,研究了多层膜的微结构和光电化学性能. 实验表明, CdSe薄膜沿着(111)方向择优生长, 多层膜结构的厚度和紫外-可见光吸收强度随着沉积层数的增加而增加. 通过测定多层膜电极的光电化学性能表明, 二层膜体系的开路电压和短路电流密度最大,光电化学性能最好.  相似文献
7.
A simple dielectric barrier discharge(DBD) jet array was designed with a liquid electrode and helium gas.The characteristics of the jet array discharge and the preliminary polymerization with acrylic acid(AA) monomer were presented.The plasma reactor can produce a cold jet array with a gas temperature lower than 315 K,using an applied discharge power between 6 W and 30 W(V dis × I dis).A silk fibroin film(SFF) was modified using the jet array and AA monomer,and the treated SFF samples were characterized by atomic force microscopy(AFM),scanning electron microscopy(SEM),Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR),and contact angle(CA).The deposition rate of the poly acrylic acid(PAA) was able to reach 300 nm/min,and the surface roughness and energy increased with the AA flow rate.The FTIR results indicate that the modified SFF had more carboxyl groups(-COOH) than the original SFF.This latter characteristic allowed the modified SFF to immobilize more quantities of antimicrobial peptide(AP,LL-37) which inhibited the Escherichia coli(E.Coli) effectively.  相似文献
8.
Pd-modified carbon fibers (CFs) are obtained by a facile oxidation-reduction method and then dip-coated in a sol-gel of titanium dioxide (TiO2) to form supported TiO2/Pd-CF photocatalysts. The morphology of the Pd-modified CFs and the amount Pd deposited are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and atomic absorption spectrometry, respectively. X-ray diffraction is used to investigate the crystal structures of the TiO2 photocatalyst. Acid orange II is used as a model contaminant to evaluate the photocatalytic properties of the photocatalyst under UV irradiation. TiO2/Pd-CF exhibits higher catalytic activity than TiO2/CF towards the degradation of acid orange II. Optimum photocatalytic performance and support properties are achieved when the Pd particle loading is about 10.8 mg/g.  相似文献
9.
The properties of optical parametric amplification (OPA) based on non-collinear double quasi-phase matching (NDQPM) with single periodically poled KTP (PPKTP) have been investigated theoretically. The NDQPM includes two different non-linear processes: one is optical parametric generation (OPG) and the other is difference frequency generation (DFG). The investigation of our numerical simulation focuses on the gain bandwidth of dependence upon non-collinear angle, grating period and crystal temperature. At a certain non-collinear angle and grating period with fixed temperature, there exists a broadest gain bandwidths of output mid-infrared pulse at 526 nm pump wavelength and certain signal wavelength in PPKTP. These are an optimal values of non-collinear angles and grating period. By accurately tuning the non-collinear angle or temperature near the optimal non-collinear angle, broadband mid-infrared tuning is obtained and an optimal operation of NDQPM can be realized. In this paper, the solutions of the coupled equations of the cascaded processes were discussed, and the spatial-temporal frequency (STF) band of the output idler pulse is analyzed by taking angular dispersion of amplified pulse beam into account. The idler pulse with a certain angular dispersion can improve the OPA bandwidth significantly. So, optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification can be realized in this configuration. For a broadband NDQPM both the acceptance angles and the acceptance temperature are smaller and the gain bandwidth is sensitive to non-collinear angles and temperature, it is important to control the precision of the non-collinear angles and the temperature in experiment.  相似文献
10.
We present simultaneous phase matching of optical parametric oscillator (OPO) and difference frequency generation (DFG), using a noncollinear interaction in periodically poled crystal with single grating. Selecting proper grating period Λ and titled angle ξ between the grating vector G and the optical axis of crystal, the noncollinear scheme provides double phase matching solutions over continuous regions of the midwave infrared spectrum. At certain wavelength regions, for DFG process the group velocities between interaction pulses are matching and the phase matching bandwidth reaches maximum. Selecting the different grating period, the broadband midwave tuning and better gain spectrum can be obtained at different wavelength range. For the certain period grating the conversion efficiency is higher. Hence, using the double phase matching configuration, the broadband tunable midwave infrared wave can be produced in single grating. But the configurations have a relatively narrow angular bandwidth.  相似文献
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