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1.
不同生色团对聚合物薄膜全光开关效应的影响   总被引:6,自引:3,他引:3  
罗锻斌  佘卫龙  吴水珠  汪海 《光学学报》2004,24(8):073-1078
在聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(PMMA)中掺人不同的偶氮染料并制成薄膜样品,以调制的线偏振Ar^ 激光(514nrn,CW)作为控制光,He-Ne激光(632.8nm,CW)为信号光,研究了样品的光致双折射效应及全光开关效应。通过对样品的响应特性和全光开关效应进行比较,发现电子推拉势较强的生色团分子在控制光作用下,可以产生较大的光致双折射效应,但光响应速度较慢,其光致双折射效应以光致异构取向为主要机制;而对于具有较弱电子推拉势的生色团分子,其光致双折射效应则主要来自光致异构烧孔机制,虽然其光致双折射效应小,但光响应速度快。  相似文献
2.
The adsorption isotherm of polyethyleneimine (PEI) on diatomite was studied using UV spectrophotometry, the surface of diatomite was modified with polyethyleneimine by using impregnation method, and the trapping behavior of the modified diatomite for phenol was investigated by using 4-aminoantipyrine (4-AAP) spectrophotometric method. The experiment results show that negatively charged diatomite particles have very strong absorption effect for cationic macromolecule PEI, the adsorption isotherm fits in Freundlich equation. The character that there is a maximum value after intitial sharp increase of adsorption capacity on the adsorption curve indicates that there is strong affinity between diatomite particles and polyethyleneimine macromolecules, and it attributes to the strong electrostatic interaction. After modification with PEI, the electric property of diatomite particle surface changes essentially, and the isoelectric point of diatomite particles moves from pH 2.0 to 10.5. In acidic solution, phenol exists as molecular state, and the modified diatomite particles adsorb phenol through hydrogen bond interaction. However, the hydrogen bond interaction between nitrogen atoms on PEI chains and phenol is weaker because of high degree of protonation of polyethyleneimine macromolecules, so the adsorption quantity is lower. In basic solution, phenol exists as negative benzene–oxygen ion, and the modified diatomite particles adsorb phenol through electrostatic interaction. However, the electrostatic interaction between PEI and negative benzene–oxygen ion is very weak because of low degree of protonation of polyethyleneimine macromolecules, so the adsorption quantity is much lower. The modified diatomite particles produce very strong trapping effect for phenol in neutral aqueous solution via the cooperating of strong electrostatic interaction and hydrogen bond interaction, and the saturated adsorption capacity can attain to 92 mg g−1.  相似文献
3.
Light can transform the secondary structure of silk protein   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Fibroin is the main component of silk and is expected to be used as a novel functional material in medicine and bioelectronics. The main secondary structures of this protein are of the random-coil and the β-sheet types. In this study, we carried out laser-induced transformation of the secondary structure, from the random-coil type to the β-sheettype, in solid fibroin films. We prepared two types of fibroin films with the random-coil structure. One is a fibroin film doped with a dye as a photosensitizer with a small amount (1 wt %), and the other is a neat fibroin film. The former was excited at 532 nm and the latter was excited at 266 nm. Irradiations were carried out with fluences much lower than each ablation threshold. The excitation of the dye at 532 nm did not affect the secondary structure of the random-coil type. By contrast, 266-nm laser irradiation, which excites tryptophan (an amino-acid residue) involved in fibroin, created the β-sheetdomain in the film. The structural transformation was revealed by infrared absorption spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Received: 1 August 2001 / Accepted: 2 August 2001 / Published online: 2 October 2001  相似文献
4.
Heating-induced morphological changes of micrometer size capsules prepared by step-wise deposition of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes onto melamine formaldehyde (MF) latex particles and biological cells with subsequent dissolution of the core have been investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning force microscopy (SFM). For poly(styrenesulfonate-Na salt)/poly(allylamine hydrochloride) polyelectrolyte capsules a remarkable heating-induced shrinking is observed. An increase of the wall thickness corresponding to the capsule diameter decrease is found. The morphology of these microcapsules after temperature treatment is characterized. The thickening of the polyelectrolyte multilayer is interpreted in terms of a configurational entropy increase via polyanion-polycation bond rearrangement. Received 20 January 2000  相似文献
5.
Bing Xu  Yun Lu 《Applied Surface Science》2006,253(5):2695-2701
In this work, sized polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based carbon fibers were chemically modified with nitric acid and maleic anhydride (MA) in order to improve the interaction between carbon fiber surface and polyimide matrix. Bismaleimide (BMI) was selected as a model compound of polyimide to react with modified carbon fiber. The surface characteristic changing after modification and surface reaction was investigated by element analysis (EA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The results indicated that the modification of carbon fiber surface with MA might follow the Diels Alder reaction mechanism. In the surface reaction between modified fibers and BMI, among the various surface functional groups, the hydroxyl group provided from phenolic hydroxyl group and bridged structure on carbon fiber may be the most effective group reacted with imide structure. The results may shed some light on the design of the appropriate surface structure, which could react with polyimide, and the manufacture of the carbon fiber-reinforced polyimide matrix composites.  相似文献
6.
利用LB膜技术发展了一种制备组分可控的超薄陶瓷膜的方法。以Ce,Y的β-二酮络合物作为表面离子,替代传统的亚相离子,制得混合LB膜。并将它作为前驱物成功制得了Y2O3掺杂的CeO2(YDC)超薄膜。XPS谱表明,膜中Ce与Y的含量比控制得很好。  相似文献
7.
Osmotically induced deformations (invaginations) of polyelectrolyte capsules were observed in poly(styrene sulfonate, sodium salt) (PSS) solution since PSS of Mw 70 000 is excluded from the capsule interior. It was found that there is a critical osmotic pressure difference at which the initial spherical capsule shape becomes unstable and invaginations are formed. This critical osmotic pressure was obtained as a function of the wall thickness and the capsule size. A theoretical model is provided which describes the relationship between the critical osmotic pressure, the elasticity modulus, the capsule wall thickness, and the capsule radius. The model was verified by measuring the invagination onset as a function of particle radius and wall thickness. The elasticity modulus of the PSS/PAH (polyallylamine hydrochloride) polyelectrolyte multilayer was measured as a function of wall thickness and capsule diameter. The modulus ranges between 500 and 750 MPa, which indicates a relatively strongly interconnected polyelectrolyte multilayer structure. With higher molecular weight PAH the elasticity modulus of the PSS/PAH multilayer was slightly enhanced. Received 25 January 2000 and Received in final form 18 May 2000  相似文献
8.
Fluorescent brightening agent VBL-based waterborne polyurethane dye (VBL-WPU) was synthesized by incorporation of VBL into waterborne polyurethane chains. The expected structure of polymeric fluorescent brightening agent was confirmed by FT-IR and UV-vis spectra. The molecular weight, average particle sizes and the contents of VBL segments in VBL-WPU were investigated. This polymeric dye exhibited intriguing optical behaviors. The absorption and emission maxima of VBL-WPU showed obviously hypsochromic shift in comparison with those of VBL. The fluorescence intensity of the polymer was prominently enhanced comparing with VBL because of the changes of micro-circumstance of VBL. Furthermore, the fluorescence of VBL-WPU was not sensitive to hydroquinone quencher.  相似文献
9.
The industrial use of polypropylene (PP) films is limited because of undesirable properties such as poor adhesion and printability. In the present study, a DC glow discharge plasma has been used to improve the surface properties of PP films and make it useful for technical applications. The change in hydrophilicity of modified PP film surface was investigated by contact angle (CA) and surface energy measurements as a function of exposure time. In addition, plasma-treated PP films have been subjected to an ageing process to determine the durability of the plasma treatment. Changes in morphological and chemical composition of PP films were analyzed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The improvement in adhesion was studied by measuring T-peel and lap shear strength. The results show that the surface hydrophilicity has been improved due to the increase in the roughness and the introduction of oxygen-containing polar groups. The AFM observation on PP film shows that the roughness of the surface increased due to plasma treatment. Analysis of chemical binding states and surface chemical composition by XPS showed an increase in the formation of polar functional groups and the concentration of oxygen content on the plasma-processed PP film surfaces. T-peel and lap shear test for adhesion strength measurement showed that the adhesion strength of the plasma-modified PP films increased compared with untreated films surface.  相似文献
10.
A novel ion-bonded discotic complex was prepared from 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexakis(N,N-dimethylaminopropylaminocarbonylmethoxy)triphenylene (HDTP) and 4′-dodecyloxybiphenyl-4-carboxylic acid (DBC) by ionic self-assembly (ISA) route and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum. We found that the complex can self-assemble into stable gels in aromatic hydrocarbons. Nanofibers with diameters of 50–130 nm were observed in the gels by transmission electron micrograph (TEM). The FTIR data in conjunction with UV–vis and fluorescence spectra suggested that the aggregation of the complex into elongated fibers in solution was induced by a directional extended network of hydrogen bonds and π–π interactions. Based on the experiment analysis, we proposed a tentative model of the self-assembly of this two-component gel-phase material.  相似文献
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