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系统地研究Nb2TiO7与Nb1.33Ti0.67O4材料相互转变的氧化还原循环可逆性能,同时研究Nb2TiO7和Nb1.33Ti0.67O4样品随温度和氧分压变化的电导率,并与复合电极对称电池和电解池的电化学性能相关联. 在830 oC下,对Nb1.33Ti0.67O4复合电极电解池进行水蒸气的电解研究测试. 电流电压曲线和电解池短期性能测试表明在低电压下主要为电极的还原和活化过程;而在高电压下主要为水蒸气的电解. 当3%H2O/Ar/4%H2气体通入阴极时电解池水蒸气电解的法拉第效率为98.9%;而当通入气体转换为3%H2O/Ar时效率为89%.  相似文献
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A reversible change in the shape of metal nanoparticles with a variation of the temperature of a dielectric substrate has been revealed. It has been shown that illumination increases the rate of the relaxation of the shape of the nanoparticles. The observed phenomena have been interpreted in the framework of the light-induced diffusion of metal atoms on the surface of a metal nanoparticle.  相似文献
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Although apodization patterns have been adopted for the analysis of sputtering sources, the analytical solutions for the film thickness equations are yet limited to only simple conditions. Empirical formulations for thin film sputtering lacking the flexibility in dealing with multi-substrate conditions, a suitable cost-effective procedure is required to estimate the film thickness distribution. This study reports a cross-discipline simulation program, which is based on discrete particle Monte-Carlo methods and has been successfully applied to a non-imaging design to solve problems associated with sputtering uniformity. Robustness of the present method is first proved by comparing it with a typical analytical solution. Further, this report also investigates the overall all effects cause by the sizes of the deposited substrate, such that the determination of the distance between the target surface and the apodization index can be complete. This verifies the capability of the proposed method for solving the sputtering film thickness problems. The benefit is that an optical thin film engineer can, using the same optical software, design a specific optical component and consider the possible coating qualities with thickness tolerance, during the design stage.  相似文献
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The use of a biocompatible and thermoresponsive polymer, poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) grafted onto the surface of graphene oxide (GO) as an adsorbent for the removal of a cationic dye (methylene blue [MB]) from an aqueous solution is examined in this work. GO–PHEMA forms a hydrogel in water thus overcoming the problem faced by carbon-based adsorbent materials during post-treatment (i.e., separation of adsorbent from the aqueous phase). The GO–PHEMA composite was synthesized using a green approach through dispersion polymerization in supercritical CO2. The successful preparation of this composite was confirmed by a series of characterization techniques. The adsorption behavior of the composite toward MB such as the effect of the adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time, dye concentration, and recyclability were observed. In addition, the adsorption isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamics were investigated. According to the experimental data, the adsorption parameters were found to fit well into the Freundlich adsorption isotherm with a correlation coefficient of 0.975 and a maximum predicted adsorption capacity of 39.41 mg g−1 at 25 °C. The adsorption kinetics studies showed that the adsorption behavior followed a pseudo-second-order reaction. On the other hand, the thermodynamics studies showed that the adsorption of MB on GO–PHEMA composite followed spontaneous and endothermic adsorption process with an efficient adsorption temperature at 45 °C. The experimental results also showed that the GO–PHEMA composite could remove 99.8% of the dye in 45 min. Therefore, GO–PHEMA composite is a favorable green adsorbent for environmental applications.  相似文献
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甘昀  谢奎 《化学物理学报》2012,25(5):605-608
研究一种新型不含钴的钙钛矿型中温固体氧化物燃料电池阴极Ba0.5Sr0.5Al0.1Fe0.9O3-δ (BSAF)材料的晶体结构、电导率以及在对称电池中的电极极化性能. 研究发现,BSAF阴极在空气中低于450 oC表现出典型的具有正温度系数的半导体行为,最高电导率达到14 S/cm;在450-750 oC,却表现出负温度系数,且电导率在750 oC下降到6 S/cm. 电化学研究表明,在基于混合离子导体的对称电池中,BSAF阴极在650-700 oC表现出良好的电极极化性能.以3%H2O/H2为燃料和空气为氧化剂,单电池在700 oC的开路电压和最大功率输出分别达到420 mW/cm2.  相似文献
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