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The influence of silver nanoparticles on the spontaneous and stimulated luminescence of rhodamine 6G molecules in aqueous solutions is studied. It is found that the laser photoexcitation of the dye solution gives rise to spontaneous fluorescence, which, with increasing pump power, transforms into stimulated laser radiation and superluminescence. Addition of silver nanoparticles to rhodamine 6G solutions enhances all types of luminescence and lowers the generation threshold for both types of the stimulated emission. The dependences of the laser radiation and superluminescence intensities on the concentration of silver nanoparticles correlate with the data on the spontaneous fluorescence.  相似文献
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The influence of molecular oxygen on the luminescence of organic molecules (dyes and aromatic hydrocarbons) in Langmuir-Blodgett films is studied. Experimental luminescence kinetics curves are compared with theoretical curves calculated in terms of different mathematical models. It is shown that the best agreement with experiment is achieved using a model that takes into account the frontal diffusion of excited oxygen molecules to the interphase surface.  相似文献
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The spectral and luminescent properties of film composites based on photoconductive poly-N-epoxipropylcarbazole and nonphotoconductive polyvinylbutyral with admixtures of cationic and anionic polymethine dyes, as well as the effect of an external magnetic field on these properties, are studied. It is found that the magnetic field affects the intensity and kinetics of the delayed fluorescence and recombination luminescence of the cationic dye in photoconductive films. This is explained by specific features of photogeneration of charge pairs, namely, by the participation of the singlet and triplet excited states of dye molecules in this process, as well as by the singlet-triplet conversion in dye molecules and photogenerated charge pairs.  相似文献
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A model of an electrostatic spectrometer for the energy analysis of charged particles has been calculated. The instrument is based on a combination of hyperbolic and cylindrical mirrors. The scheme for an energy- and angle-resolved spectrometer which provides angular second-order focusing, high luminosity and exit angle 90° from the source has been theoretically substantiated.  相似文献
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分析了大型卧式液氢贮罐增压输出过程中低温介质传热数学模型,揭示了贮罐内液氢温度分布规律,说明了液氢温度分层形成的原因及过程,给出了输出液氢品质保障方法。研究表明:大型卧式液氢贮罐输出过程中液氢温度分布可用修正后的半无限大平板非稳态导热方程描述;在增压压力一定情况下,热液层厚度随着输送时间的增加而增大,且热液层厚度及其温度分布受卧式贮罐截面形状影响;液氢贮罐输出品质与贮罐内热液层厚度密切相关,可通过计算热液层厚度从而确定贮罐留底余量的方法,保证贮罐输出品质。  相似文献
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陈鹏玮  厉彦忠  李翠  代飞  丁岚  辛毅 《物理学报》2017,66(19):190702-190702
惯性约束聚变点火成功的关键之一在于靶丸内形成均匀的氘氚冰层,靶丸周围的温度场对冰层质量有很大影响.首先通过实验靶系统实验验证了数值计算模型的可靠性,在此模型的基础上,对低温冷冻靶装置的热物理问题特别是温度动态特性问题展开了数值模拟,重点考察冷环温度波动时,温度传递衰减过程的规律以及各影响因素对于温度传递衰减过程的影响.结果显示:冷环温度一定时,填充气体压力降低、填充气体中氦气比例增大,靶丸表面温度均匀性提高;当冷环温度波动时,温度波动的周期减小、振幅减小、填充气体压力升高、填充气体中氦气比例降低有利于控制靶丸表面温度波动;冷环温度波动的周期适中、振幅减小、填充气体压力降低、填充气体中氦气比例提高有利于改善靶丸表面温度均匀性.研究结果对实验中冷冻靶合理配置各参数实现温度控制具有重要参考价值.  相似文献
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舱音背景声特征频率的确定是调查失事飞机事故原因的重要依据之一。基于舱音译码辨听和音频分析的传统方法难以准确获得舱音背景声的特征频率。本文提出采用基于FFT的线性Z变换(CZT)来获取舱音背景声的特征频率的新方法,该方法适用于高采样频率的信号,计算中可以调整频率的分辨率,增加了FFT和频谱分析的灵活性。通过仿真和对用舱音记录器测录的真实舱音背景声计算分析得出:CZT方法是一种适合于确定舱音背景声特征频率的实用、有效方法,用以区分不同舱音在频率上的差别,满足飞机事故原因调查的需要。  相似文献
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