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间接原子吸收光谱法测定氢溴酸山莨菪碱   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
研究了原子吸收光谱法间接测定氢溴酸山莨菪碱。在溶液pH为 5 1~ 5 3,当四苯硼钠过量时可完全沉淀氢溴酸山莨菪碱 ;加入过量的氯化钾沉淀滤液中剩余的四苯硼钠 ;干过滤 ,用原子吸收分光光度计在76 6 5nm波长下测定滤液中过量的钾 ,因四苯硼钠与氢溴酸山莨菪碱和氯化钾均按 1∶1的计量关系生成沉淀 ,可以直接计算得到氢溴酸山莨菪碱的含量。对氢溴酸山莨菪碱注射液进行了测定 ,测定结果准确。方法简单快速 ,回收率在 96 %~ 10 3%之间 ,相对标准偏差为 1 4 %。该方法可进一步推广原子吸收光谱法在其他相关药物测定方面的应用。  相似文献
2.
周晓锋  高雷 《中国物理》2007,16(7):2028-2032
Nanofluids or liquids with suspended nanoparticles are likely to be the future heat transfer media, as they exhibit higher thermal conductivity than those of liquids. It has been proposed that nanoparticles are apt to congregate and form clusters, and hence the interaction between nanoparticles becomes important. In this paper, by taking into account the interaction between nearest-neighbour inclusions, we adopt the multiple image method to investigate the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. Numerical results show that then the thermal conductivity ratio between the nanoparticles and fluids is large, and the two nanoparticles are close up and even touch, and the point-dipole theory such as Maxwell--Garnett theory becomes rough as many-body interactions are neglected. Our theoretical results on the effective thermal conductivity of CuO/water and Al热传导率 多极化 物理 相互作用nanofluids, thermal conductivity, multipolar interactionProject supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No~10204017) and the Natural Science of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No~BK2002038).2006-07-062006-08-21Nanofluids or liquids with suspended nanoparticles are likely to be the future heat transfer media, as they exhibit higher thermal conductivity than those of liquids. It has been proposed that nanoparticles are apt to congregate and form clusters, and hence the interaction between nanoparticles becomes important. In this paper, by taking into account the interaction between nearest-neighbour inclusions, we adopt the multiple image method to investigate the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. Numerical results show that then the thermal conductivity ratio between the nanoparticles and fluids is large, and the two nanoparticles are close up and even touch, and the polnt-dipole theory such as Maxwell-Garnett theory becomes rough as many-body interactions are neglected. Our theoretical results on the effective thermal conductivity of CuO/water and Al2O3/water nanofluids are in good agreement with experimental data.  相似文献
3.
Al-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films are prepared on quartz substrates by dual-ion-beam sputtering deposition at room temperature (∼25°C). An assisting argon ion beam (ion energy E i =0–300 eV) directly bombards the substrate surface to modify the properties of AZO films. The effects of assisted-ion beam energy on the characteristics of AZO films were investigated in terms of X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, Raman spectra, Hall measurement and optical transmittance. With increasing assisting-ion beam bombardment, AZO films have a strong improved crystalline quality and increased radiation damage such as oxygen vacancies and zinc interstitials. The lowest resistivity of 4.9×10−3Ω cm and highest transmittance of above 85% in the visible region were obtained under the assisting-ion beam energy 200 eV. It was found that the bandgap of AZO films increased from 3.37 to 3.59 eV when the assisting-ion beam energy increased from 0 to 300 eV.  相似文献
4.
Cr-doped ZnO nanostructures, in well-aligned Zn0.92Cr0.06O nanorods array, were synthesized by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering deposition at different temperatures. The effects of growth temperature on the structure and optical properties of Zn0.92Cr0.06O nanorods were investigated in terms of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and spectrophotometer. With increase the growth temperature, Zn0.94Cr0.06O nanorods have a strong improved crystalline quality. High growth temperature enhances the build-in electric field in the depletion region in the grain of the nanorods, which trap free carriers from the bulk of the grains. XPS results shows that Cr3+ ions substitute Zn2+ ions, and no secondary phases in the sample are found, meanwhile the oxygen vacancies decrease with increasing growth temperature. The high growth temperature causes a significant increase in optical transmittance of the Zn0.92Cr0.06O nanorods, which can be attributed to the weakening of scattering and absorption of light because of the increase of grain size. The red shift of the optical band gap can be mostly likely related to the Burstein–Moss effect.  相似文献
5.
Spatial patterns have received considerable attention in the physical, biological, and social sciences. Generally speaking, time delay is a prevailing phenomenon in aquatic environments, since the production of allelopathic substance by competitive species is not instantaneous, but mediated by some time lag required for maturity of species. A natural question is how delay affects the spatial patterns. Here, we consider a delayed plankton allelopathic system consisting of two competitive species and analytically investigate how the time delay affects the stability and spatial patterns. Based upon a stability analysis, we demonstrate that the delay can induce spatial patterns under some conditions. Moreover, by use of a series of numerical simulations performed with a finite difference scheme, we show that the delay plays an important role on pattern selection.  相似文献
6.
陈红霞  王保林 《计算物理》2012,29(4):601-610
通过第一性原理方法研究中等尺寸硫化锌团簇(ZnS)n(n=24,28,36,和48)的结构和稳定性.团簇初始结构主要通过手工搭建和从体材料中切割得来.研究表明:对于中等尺寸的团簇,空心的笼状和管状结构能量最低;随着团簇尺寸的增大,洋葱结构能量越来越低.此外,对中等尺寸硫化锌团簇,纤锌矿结构比闪锌矿结构更稳定.说明在小尺寸下,纤锌矿硫化锌结构更稳定.  相似文献
7.
We investigated the microstructure and optical properties of Zn1−xMnxO films synthesized by the magnetron sputtering technique. Structural analyses suggest that Mn occupied the Zn sites successfully and did not change the wurtzite structure of ZnO. In addition, nanoscale columnar grain arrays were found in the Mn-doped ZnO films. The experimental results indicate that moderate Mn doping could enhance the photoluminescence emission of ZnO. The possible origin of the emissions from our samples was also explored.  相似文献
8.
The high-temperature Raman spectroscopy technique is applied to investigate the phase transition of LiBa O5 crystal. The result shows that the crystal is stable in the range of 293-893 K. When the temperature increases up to above 1107K, the phase transition occurs. In the liquid phase, Li2B4O7 crystal precipitates out. Up to 117314, the Li2B4O7 crystal disappears in the melt.  相似文献
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