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1.
ICP-AES法测定茶叶、茶水中的矿物质和微量元素   总被引:30,自引:6,他引:24  
本文用电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法(ICP-AES)对不同品种,不同等级及不同产地的茶叶、茶水样品中的一些人体所必需的矿物质和微量元素进行了定量测定。结果表明,该方法简便,可靠,具有良好的精密度和准确度,本研究将对茶叶中一些矿物质和微量元素的鉴定以及在饮茶爱好者的合理购茶、饮茶等方面提供一些有用的信息。  相似文献
2.
CH, NH和OH自由基基态与低激发态分子结构与势能函数   总被引:29,自引:6,他引:23       下载免费PDF全文
李权  朱正和 《物理学报》2006,55(1):102-106
用电子相关耦合簇方法CCSD(T)和aug-cc-pVTZ基函数计算研究了CH, NH和OH自由基分子基态与低激发态的结构与势能函数,导出了分子的光谱数据.结果表明,CH, NH和OH自由基分子基态分别为X2Π,X3Σ和X2Π,基态与低激发态的势能函数均可用Murrell-Sorbie function来表达.CH自由基分子低激发态a4Σ6Σ的绝热  相似文献
3.
无耗散介观电感耦合电路的量子效应   总被引:22,自引:2,他引:20       下载免费PDF全文
本文从无耗散的电感耦合电路的经典运动方程出发,分别研究了这一耦合电路在其任意的本征态下和压缩真空态下电路中电荷、电流的量子涨落,其结果表明,每个回路中的电荷、电流都存在着量子涨落,且两回路中的量子噪音是相互关联的。  相似文献
4.
Effects of ultraviolet radiation on plant cells   总被引:22,自引:0,他引:22  
Recent measurements of ozone levels have led to concern that the stratospheric ozone layer is being depleted as a result of contamination with man-made chlorofluorocarbons. Concomitantly, the amounts of solar UV-B radiation reaching the Earth's surface is increasing. UV-B radiation has been shown to be harmful to living organisms, damaging DNA, proteins, lipids and membranes. Plants, which use sunlight for photosynthesis and are unable to avoid exposure to enhanced levels of UV-B radiation, are at risk. Thus, mechanisms by which plants may protect themselves from UV radiation are of particular interest. This review will summarizes the main aspects of ultraviolet radiation on plants at physiological and biochemical level, with particular emphasis on protective structures and mechanisms.  相似文献
5.
细菌视紫红质用于光子逻辑门的研究   总被引:20,自引:3,他引:17       下载免费PDF全文
本文对基于细菌视紫红质变种材料D96N的三种基本光逻辑操作进行了研究.随着入射黄光强度的增加,菌紫质对黄光的吸收呈饱和吸收特性,此时紫光的照射将会使此饱和吸收阈值增加.在黄光和紫光对样品的共同作用下,透射光强度会被调制,调制的程度取决于这两束光的相对强度以及被调制光波长.通过观测被调制的525nm检测光强度,我们模拟了几种基本的光子逻辑运算:“非”、“或”和“与”运算.  相似文献
6.
自悬浮定向流法制备纳米铜微粒及其结构表征   总被引:19,自引:10,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
 采用自悬浮定向流法制备金属铜纳米微粒,并用TEM,XRD和AES等分析手段研究了铜纳米微粒的形貌、粒度、结构及其表面氧化层特性。结果表明,在一定的参数条件下采用自悬浮定向流法可制备出单晶纳米铜微粒,并且通过工艺参数的调控可达到对微粒粒度的控制。  相似文献
7.
金属镍吸附氢同位素的量子力学计算   总被引:18,自引:8,他引:10  
根据原子分子反应静力学与群论,确定了NiH、NiD和NiT的基电子状态为2Σ+。应用基函数6-311G和组态相关CI或QCISD方法,计算了氢同位素分子及其镍化物的能量E、定容热容Cv和熵S。设用总能量中的电子和振动能量近似代表NiH、NiD和NiT分子处于固态时的能量,用总熵中的电子和振动熵近似代表这些分子处于固态时的熵,进而计算了镍吸附H2、D2和T2分子过程的ΔH°、ΔS°、ΔG°和平衡压力,并导出它们与温度的函数关系。计算指出了同位素分子效应,结果合理。所以,本文所建议的用量子力学方法计算多相化学反应,有应用参考价值。  相似文献
8.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to label human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with poly-l-lysine (PLL)-conjugated superparamagnetic iron oxide particles and to obtain magnetic resonance (MR) images of the labeled MSCs' suspension at 1.5 T. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PLL was conjugated with iron oxide to form superparamagnetic particles called Fe(2)O(3)-PLL. Human umbilical cord blood MSCs were isolated, purified, expanded and incubated with Fe(2)O(3)-PLL. Prussian blue stain was performed to show intracellular iron; spectrometry was used to quantify iron uptake within cells. Tetrazolium salt (MTT) assay was applied to evaluate toxicity and proliferation of MSCs labeled with various concentrations of Fe(2)O(3)-PLL. The cell apoptosis rate was determined by annexin V/propichium iodide (PI) double staining method. Vials containing cells underwent MR imaging (MRI) with T(1), T(2) and T(2)* weighted MRI. RESULTS: Iron-containing intracytoplasmatic vesicles could be observed clearly with Prussian blue staining in all samples except the unlabeled control. The iron content per cell determined by spectrometry was 64.51+/-10.32 pg. Among MSCs with and without labeling of various concentrations of Fe(2)O(3)-PLL, MTT values of light absorption had no statistically significant difference (Kruskal-Wallis test, chi(2)=10.35, P=.17). A concentration at 20 mug/ml of iron appeared most suitable for incubating cells. Of labeled and unlabeled MSCs, the early [annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-positive/PI-negative] and late (annexin V-FITC-positive/PI-positive) apoptotic cells were 10.34+/-0.43%/11.36+/-1.30% and 4.01+/-1.76%/2.98+/-1.37%, respectively, and there were no significant differences between them (P>.05). T(2) weighted image (WI) and T(2)*WI demonstrated significant decrease of signal intensity (SI) in vials containing 1 x 10(6) (1 day), 1x10(6) (8 days) and 5 x 10(5) labeled cells, in comparison with unlabeled cells (P<.05). The percentage change of SI (DeltaSI) was significantly higher in 10(6) labeled cells after 1-day culture than that in the same number of labeled cells after 8-day culture and that in 5 x 10(5) labeled cells, particularly on T(2)*WI (P<.05). Among pulse sequences, T(2)*WI demonstrated the highest DeltaSI (P<.05). CONCLUSION: The human umbilical cord blood MSCs can be labeled with Fe(2)O(3)-PLL without significant change in viability and apoptosis. The suspension of labeled MSCs can be imaged with standard 1.5-T MR equipment.  相似文献
9.
3 AlF6/ZnSe multilayer structure developed by means of standard optical technology. The structure was found to have a reflection coefficient of more then 99% in the range of incident angles 0°-86°at the wavelength of 632.8 nm for s-polarization. The results are likely to stimulate new experiments on photonic crystals and controlled spontaneous emission. Received: 30 October 1998/Accepted: 2 November 1998  相似文献
10.
In vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy appears potentially useful for non-invasive discrimination between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate carcinoma (PC). Aiming to delimit the range within which spectra from one or the other pathology should occur, and establish extreme spectroscopic features of malignant versus benign prostate disease, we performed endorectal proton MR spectroscopy on 20 patients severely affected of either benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (n = 10) or prostate cancer (PC) (n = 10). They were selected on the basis of the large volume and homogeneity of their lesions, which were histologically confirmed after spectroscopy. Consequently, high-quality short-TE proton spectra with well-resolved metabolite signals, and practically free of volume averaging issues were obtained in all cases. Apart from the typical citrate, creatine, and choline signals of prostate spectra, both BPH and PC spectra showed a peak centered at 3.6 ppm which was assigned to myo-inositol. The intensity of this contribution was found significantly increased in PC cases compared to BPH. Possible relationships between neoplastic transformation and the metabolic pathways in which myo-inositol participates are discussed. Average spectroscopic profiles were calculated for both advanced pathologies, and showed obvious differentiated features. In quantitative terms, the ratio of citrate to choline peak areas as well as that of creatine to myo-inositol appeared as the most convenient to discriminate between advanced PC cases (both ratios below 1.0) and advanced BPH cases (both ratios above 1.0).  相似文献
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