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1.
石屏井水中金属元素的分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
用原子吸收光谱法测定了云南省石屏县城用于直接点制豆腐的城内(北门、西门、南门)和城郊天然井水中Ca、Mg、Fe、Zn、Cu、Co、Cr、Ni和Cd等9种金属元素的含量,方法的相对标准偏差在0.28%—1.53%之间,回收率在97.68%—107.30%之间,分析结果满意。城中天然井水Ca和Mg含量非常高,Ca和Mg含量分别在207.83—268.50μg·mL-1和30.88—35.41μg·mL-1之间,其总硬度(以CaCO3计)在646.15—816.30μg·mL-1之间,为极硬水,西门外城郊井水中Ca含量仅为99.10μg·mL-1,Mg含量28.14μg·mL-1,都未检出Cd,其余6种金属元素在城中井水与郊外井水中的含量差别不大,且都较小;城中井水Ca、Mg含量:北门井水〉西门井水〉南门井水,井水中Ca和Mg含量在207.83、30.88μg·mL-1及其以上时,具有石膏或卤水凝固剂的作用,可直接点制豆腐;城中井水中Fe、Zn、Cu、Cr、Ni和Co含量大小为Fe〉Zn〉Cr〉Ni〉Cu〉Co。  相似文献
2.
The spatial-temporal bifurcation for Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equations is considered. Exact two-soliton solution and doubly periodic solution to the KP-I equation, and two classes of periodic soliton solutions in different directions to KP-Ⅱ are obtained using the bilinear form, homoclinic test technique and temporal and 1 spatial transformation method, respectively. The equilibrium solution uo =-1/6, a unique spatial-temporal bifurcation which is periodic bifurcation for KP-I and deflexion of soliton for KP-Ⅱ, is investigated.  相似文献
3.
We obtain the multisolitary solutions of the extended Bose-Hubbard model which describes dipolar BoseEinstein condensates in optical lattices under time-dependent magnetic fields, and indicate that the nonlinearity is due to both on-site short-range interactions and also (long-range) dipole-dipole interactions which can act between neighboring sites. The discrete breathers as nonlinear excitations are always oscillatory in time and can also be spatially localized,while the oscillatory frequencies are determined by an external field. We show that these excitations will be observable and discuss how the parameters can be tuned in future experiments.  相似文献
4.
The exact homoclinic orbits and periodic soliton solution for the Boussinesq equation are shown. The equilibrium solution u0 = -1/6 is a unique bifurcation point. The homoclinic orbits and solitons will be interchanged with the solution varying from one side of-1/6 to the other aide. The solution structure can be understood in general.  相似文献
5.
光线在恒星附近传播时,理论计算的偏折角有两个结果.一个结果由Newton引力论计算而得,另一个由Einstein广义相对论计算得到.后者是前者的两倍.对于与人类最近的恒星太阳,数值计算结果分别为0.875″(角秒)和1.75″,本文给出这两个结果的详细计算过程.日食发生时是检测理论结果的良好时机,迄今为止所有的实验观测结果支持相对论对太阳光线偏折角的计算.  相似文献
6.
Transfer matrix method was applied in the study of stepped acoustic resonators. Transfer matrix method was more competent in comparison with analytic method to investigate the acoustic properties of stepped acoustic resonator, especially multi-step acoustic resonator. With the help of the numerical solution, the resonance frequencies, the phase angles and the radiation impedances of stepped acoustic resonators which consisted of one to five sub-tubes were studied theoretically and experimentally. The numerical solutions were in excellent agreement with the experimental results.  相似文献
7.
We present a class of exact solutions of the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation with time- and space-modulated coefficients, which describe the evolution of wavefunction in various types of external potentials including the harmonic and double-well potentials. The results show that there exist a general condition linking these distributed coefficients, under which the exact solutions can be obtained. Moreover, the evolution of such solutions can be effectively controlled by these distributed coefficients.  相似文献
8.
采用微波消解-火焰原子吸收光谱法快速测定天然浓缩胶乳中的锰、铜含量,各元素回收率在85.00%—111.00%之间.结果令人满意,并且方法简便,快速,无污染。  相似文献
9.
张举成  刘超  刘卫  杨金  闵勇  陈瑞 《光谱实验室》2012,29(2):1072-1075
利用分子荧光光谱,对异丙威溶液用三维荧光方法进行检测,建立了用异丙威的256nm/290nm荧光峰进行检测的实验方法。结果表明,该方法在高浓度和低浓度都具有较好的稳定性,在9.75×10-3—4.875×10-2mg/mL范围内线性相关系数为0.9970;在1.95×10-5—1.95×10-4mg/mL范围内线性相关系数为0.9955;且具有重现性好,检出限低,方法快速等优点。  相似文献
10.
以云南文山三七为材料,分析研究了用干法灰化、湿法消解前处理样品对原子吸收光谱法测定三七中重金属C r含量的影响,方法的相关系数为0.9993,干法灰化回收率为95.02%,湿法消解回收率为93.03%,分析结果满意。结果表明,干法灰化的最佳条件为灰化温度500—600℃、灰化时间6—8h。湿法消解的最佳消解体系为HNO3:HC lO4(V/V)=4:1体系。用干法灰化或常压下湿法消解处理样品,原子吸收光谱法可以准确测定三七中重金属C r含量,且方法简单、快捷。云南文山三七粉中重金属C r含量为1.8178μg/g。  相似文献
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